Posts Tagged ‘ Type 2 Diabetes ’

Managing Type 2 Diabetes

Tuesday, March 1st, 2022

Awareness of Type 2 Diabetes among patients

India is home to one in every six diabetics worldwide. More than 77 million diabetics live in India, making it the world’s second-largest diabetic population. The majority of these cases are of type 2 diabetes, which is more common in urban areas. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic medical condition in which the levels of sugar, or glucose, build up in your bloodstream. In type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t make or use the insulin properly. It is recommended to screen your blood sugar levels regularly to diagnose and treat diabetes early. Lifestyle changes, medication, healthy eating and regular monitoring of blood sugar levels help patients with type 2 diabetes live better and healthier.

Managing your Type 2 Diabetes

It is highly recommended to consult a specialist to know more about your diabetes and find healthy ways to manage it. Certain lifestyle changes and medications help control your blood sugar levels. Follow these steps to manage diabetes lifelong:

  • Learn about diabetes
    Ask questions to your doctor, know more about type 2 diabetes.
  • Know your ABCs
    Speak to your doctor about how to manage your A1C (blood sugar), Blood pressure, and Cholesterol. This can help lower your chances of having a heart attack, stroke, or other diabetes complications.
  • Learn how to live with diabetes
    It is common to feel overwhelmed, sad, or angry when you are diagnosed with diabetes. Take healthy steps to live better with diabetes.
  • Be regular with medical care
    See your health care team at least twice a year to find and treat any problems early.

Frequently asked questions about Type 2 Diabetes

Have you been recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes? Here are some common questions about this condition:

1. What are the recommended blood sugar target levels?
It is recommended to maintain a target blood sugar range of 80 to 130 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl) before a meal and less than 180 mg/dl one to two hours after starting a meal. Consult your doctor about what blood sugar levels are appropriate for you.

2. How often should one check their blood sugar?
The number of times you check your blood sugar is determined by the kind of diabetes you have and the type of diabetic medication you are taking. When you first wake up (fasting), before a meal, 2 hours after a meal, and before night are some of the common times to check your blood sugar. Talk with your doctor for further guidance.

3. Who should use diabetes home tests?
Your doctor will help you decide if you need to test your blood sugar at home and guide you how frequently it must be done. By maintaining your blood sugar levels at a normal range, you can help prevent diabetes complications.

4. How can my diabetes affect your pregnancy?
Pregnancy can worsen certain long-term diabetes problems, such as eye problems and kidney disease, or may lead to preeclampsia. Work with your gynaecologist closely to have a healthy pregnancy.

Myths and facts about Diabetes

Stop believing in these common diabetes myths:

Myth: It is okay to binge on sugar-free foods.
Fact: That is not true. Sugar free foods can be part of a healthy meal plan in limited quantities. Many sugar free foods are loaded with calories, carbohydrates and artificial sweeteners.

Myth: One will always know when the sugar is high or low, testing is not needed.
Fact: You can’t rely on how you’re feeling when it comes to your blood sugar level. You may feel shaky or lightheaded because your blood sugar is low, or due to some other health condition. The only way to know for sure is to check your blood sugar.

Myth: People with diabetes can’t eat sweets.
Fact: There’s no reason people with type 2 diabetes can’t eat sweets, as long as they fit into a normal meal plan. Always have sweets in small portions, and include them with other foods.

Myth: Only the overweight get type 2 diabetes
Fact: That is not true. Being overweight or obese may be a risk factor in type 2 diabetes, however even people who are underweight or fit may also get diabetes.

Stay healthy with Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a lifestyle disease. Here are a few lifestyle changes to adapt to live better with diabetes:

  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Get regular exercise.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Keep your skin dry and clean.
  • Get your eyes and kidneys checked.
  • Limit your intake of sugary foods.
  • Eat more lean proteins and whole grains.
  • Stay away from fried, processed and junk foods.
  • Manage stress better.
  • Take medications as prescribed.

Diabetes Treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

While a diagnosis of diabetes can be life-altering, timely steps can help manage it better. It’s important to consult a diabetologist and learn more about healthy eating habits, exercise and lifestyle changes to manage it. With a focus on compassionate, patient-centric care highly trained diabetologists at our Centre for Diabetes and Obesity help you control your diabetes and live as normal a life as possible. Please find below website details for further information:

World Diabetes Day

Friday, November 13th, 2020

Diabetes is a chronic disease, which occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. This leads to an increased concentration of glucose in the blood (hyperglycaemia). As per a report by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, the prevalence of diabetes in India has been recorded at 11.8%. India is home to an estimated 72.96 million diabetic adults. Also called the diabetes capital of the world, this sugar disease is posing an enormous health challenge for our country. Medical experts suggest that awareness, timely detection, and right management can help patients lead a normal life.

Types of Diabetes

There are mainly three types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Certain uncontrollable factors like genetics and some viruses may contribute to type 1 diabetes. Although type 1 diabetes usually appears during childhood or adolescence, it can develop in adults too.
  • Type 2 diabetes is caused by the body’s ineffective use of insulin. It often results from excess body weight and physical inactivity. This is the most common form of diabetes and is largely preventable. 9 in 10 cases of type 2 diabetes could be avoided by following simple lifestyle changes. Uncontrolled type 2 diabetes can lead to chronically high blood glucose levels, causing several symptoms and potentially leading to serious complications.
  • Gestational diabetes is hyperglycaemia that is first recognized during pregnancy. It can lead to serious health risks for both the mother and child and needs close monitoring by a health expert.

Symptoms of Diabetes
The most common symptoms used to identify diabetes include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive hunger
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Blurred vision
  • Dry mouth

If you see any of the above symptoms, get your blood sugar levels checked or consult a doctor for further assessment.

Diabetes complications
Uncontrolled blood sugar levels may lead to serious long-term problems affecting the eyes, kidneys, heart, brain, feet, and nerves. These include:

  • Eyes – It is recommended that people with diabetes see an eye doctor every year for an eye exam. Eye problems that can occur with diabetes include cataract, glaucoma, retinopathy. Left untreated it may also lead to vision loss.
  • Kidneys – It is important to get your urine tested for protein at least once a year. Protein in the urine is a sign of kidney disease. Prompt treatment may slow the changes with kidney disease.
  • Heart and brain – All people with diabetes have an increased chance of heart disease and strokes. Heart disease is the major cause of death in people with diabetes. It is important to control other risks such as high blood pressure and high fats (cholesterol), as well as blood sugar.
  • Feet – High blood sugar levels can cause skin infections in the foot and leads to slow healing of sores. You can experience severe pain, itching, or experience numbness too. Left untreated, diabetic foot infections may lead to amputation of the toes, foot, or leg.
  • Neuropathy – Diabetic neuropathy is a complication of diabetes that results in damage to the nervous system. It is a progressive disease, and symptoms get worse over time.

Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes

Healthy eating and physical activity could help prevent 90% of Type 2 Diabetes cases. Here is what you can do to reduce your risk of getting type 2 diabetes:

  • Cut sugar and refined carbohydrates
  • Watch your portion size
  • Include fibre in your diet
  • Exercise regularly
  • Drink enough water
  • Quit smoking
  • Sleep well
  • Manage stress levels
  • Be regular with health checkups

Diabetes care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Worried about your fluctuating blood sugar levels? Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle are the most important risk factors responsible for diabetes. It is possible to reduce the burden of type 2 diabetes by lifestyle changes that favour a healthy diet and regular physical activity. Specialists from our Department of Nutrition Therapy can help you with a personalised diet plan. However, certain medical conditions make weight loss difficult and require further intervention.

The Centre for Diabetes and Obesity is equipped with advanced technology and a talented team of experts to help fight obesity and manage diabetes better. For more information, please visit: