Robotic Surgery, computer assisted surgery and robotically assisted surgery are terms for technological developments that use robotic systems to aid in surgical procedures. Robotic Surgery was developed to overcome both the limitations of MIS and enhance the capabilities of surgeons performing open surgery.
Some of the major benefits experienced by surgeons using the Robotic Surgical System over traditional approaches have been
The system is called da Vinci in part because Leonardo da Vinci invented the first robot. He also used unparalleled anatomical accuracy and three dimensional details to bring his masterpieces to life. The da Vinci Surgical System similarly provides physicians with such enhanced detail and precision that the System can simulate an open surgical environment while allowing operation through tiny incisions.
With da Vinci, small incisions are used to introduce miniaturised wristed instruments and a high definition 3D camera into the body. The da Vinci Surgical System consists of an ergonomically designed surgeon’s console, a patient cart with four interactive robotic arms, a high-performance vision system and patented EndoWrist instruments. At the da Vinci console, the surgeon operates while seated comfortably, viewing a highly magnified 3D image of the body’s interior. To operate, the surgeon uses master controls that work like forceps.As the surgeon manipulates the controls, da Vinci responds to the surgeon’s input in real time, translating his or her hand, wrist and finger movements into precise movements of miniaturised instruments at the patient-side cart.
It is important to know that surgery with da Vinci does not place a robot at the controls; a surgeon controls every aspect of the surgery with the assistance of the da Vinci robotic platform.
Since the introduction of the da Vinci System more than ten years ago, the da Vinci System has been used successfully in tens of thousands of procedures. Its safety and efficacy have been documented in hundreds of clinical publications. The literature supporting da Vincis use is extensive, covering all surgical specialties where the system is used.
The cost of the surgery will be higher than Laparoscopic surgery. But due to shorter hospital stay, minimal complications and lesser incidence of blood transfusions, the cost is compensated, and thus, gets competitive.
Currently, the da Vinci Robotic Surgical System is being used in hundreds of hospitals worldwide, in major centers in the United States, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Australia, Turkey and the Netherlands.