Genetics, stress and wrong food habits that come with an erratic lifestyle, all contribute to a steep rise in diabetes and obesity. The Centre for Diabetes and Obesity has a host of facilities to deal with these two problems that lead to several other equally harmful sub-problems.
Obesity results from the excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards. According to the United States National Institute of Health (NIH), an increase in 20% or more above your ideal body weight is the point at which excess weight becomes a health risk.
Indian bodies and genetics are different from their western counterparts. Indians suffer from abdominal obesity compared to people in the west whose bodies are uniformly obese. Studies say that India will become the global diabetes capital by 2050 if the abdominal and lower limb obesity and metabolic syndrome are not arrested.
For every 10 extra kilograms above the stipulated body weight (measured according to height), life expectancy of a person reduces by three years.
What is morbid or clinically severe obesity?
Obesity becomes morbid when it reaches the point of significantly increasing the risk of one or more obesity-related health conditions (also known as co-morbidities). This results either in significant physical disability or even death. Morbid obesity is a serious and chronic disease, and its symptoms build slowly over an extended period of time.
What are the risks of obesity?
Obesity is a risk factor for life-threatening diseases, including:
High Blood Pressure (hypertension)
Obstructive Sleep Apnoea
Heartburn or Acid Reflux Disease (GERD)
Cancer (in women: endometrial, gallbladder, cervical and uterine; in men: colorectal and prostate)
Studies show that the risk of death from these conditions drops significantly after weight loss.
In addition, obesity contributes to numerous other medical conditions, including:
Osteoarthritis and Gout
Gallbladder Disease and Gallstones
Hypoventilation (Breathing Disorders)
Psychological Disorders/Social Impairments
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Low Back Pain
Degenerative Disc Disease
Six months after surgery for obesity, patients often find they no longer need medications for many of these conditions. Also, many women struggling with infertility before surgery find that conception is possible after weight loss.
The centre boasts of specialists dedicated to each specialty as mentioned above, which include