Lung cancer, also known as lung carcinoma, is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in one or both lungs. It most often occurs in people who smoke. As lung cancer grows, abnormal cells can form tumours and interfere with the functioning of the lung, which provides oxygen to the body via blood.
Lung cancer is generally diagnosed on a chest X-ray, which is done for other reasons or as part of a health check-up. The associated symptoms of lung cancer include:
Over 80 per cent of lung cancers have a chance to be cured if detected early. Lung cancer is diagnosed in the following ways:
Chest X-ray or a CT scan
Bronchoscopy, EBUS (Endobronchial Ultrasound) or CT-guided biopsy for obtaining tissue from the tumour
PET CT whole body, MRI, Mediastinoscopy and other surgical procedures
Surgery can be considered
Combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy may be required
Chemotherapy, oral targeted therapy, immunotherapy and radiation therapy are treatment options
50 per cent of surgeries for lung cancer at Kokilaben Hospital are done using Video Assisted Thorocoscopic Surgery (VATS). VATS is a keyhole surgery that reduces postoperative pain, aids in early recovery, avoids prominent scars and reduces length of hospital stay.
Esophageal surgery: VATS and Robotic; Pulmonary surgery (Malignant and Benign): VATS and Robotic; Cancer of Thymus and other mediastinal masses; Chest wall tumours; Gastric Cancer; Head Neck Oncology