Plastic surgery is a medical specialty concerned with the correction or restoration of form and function. Though cosmetic or aesthetic surgery is the best-known kind of plastic surgery, all plastic surgery is not cosmetic. Plastic surgery includes many types of reconstructive surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery and the treatment of burns. In the term plastic surgery, the adjective ‘plastic’ denotes sculpting, and derives from the Greek plastic ‘the art of modelling’ of malleable flesh.
What is the scope of plastic surgery?
Unlike other surgical specialties, plastic surgery is not organised around a specific organ system. Plastic surgery is based more on principles than on the details of specific procedures. This allows the plastic surgeon to solve unusual problems, to operate from the top of the head to the tip of the toe, to apply known procedures to other body parts, and to be innovative. Plastic surgery consists of reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery but the boundary between the two, like the boundary of plastic surgery itself, is difficult to draw.