Dont lose your breath over asthma. Now breathe free.
Asthma is caused by inflammation in the airways. The inflammation irritates the muscles around the airways, and causes them to squeeze (constrict). This causes narrowing of the airways. It is then more difficult for air to get in and out of the lungs. This leads to wheezing and breathlessness. The inflammation also causes the lining of the airways to make extra mucus which causes cough and further obstruction to airflow.
Triggers are the irritant factors that bring on the onset of an asthma attack. Identifying asthma triggers is necessary for better asthma control.
Not all of the asthma triggers addressed here affects every person with asthma.
Not all asthma triggers are listed here. See your doctor for more information.
The common symptoms are cough and wheeze. You may also become breathless, and develop a feeling of chest tightness. Symptoms can be mild to severe in different people and also be varied in the same person at different times. Each episode of symptoms may last for an hour, or persist for days or weeks unless treated.
Most people with asthma are treated with inhalers. Inhalers deliver a small dose of drug (b2 agonist or steroids) directly to the airways. The dose is enough to treat the airways. However, the amount of drug that gets into the rest of your body is minimum, so side-effects are unlikely, or minor. Unlike oral steroids, inhaled corticosteroids are not absorbed into the body and are less likely to cause side effects like oral steroids.
Some people worry about taking steroid tablets. However, a short course of steroid tablets (for a week or so) usually works very well, and is unlikely to cause side-effects. Most of the side-effects caused by steroid tablets occur if you take them for a long time.
Although not curable, asthma is treatable. Stepping up the treatment during bad spells often controls the symptoms.Some other general points about asthma...