Archive for the ‘ Blood Donation ’ Category

World Blood Donor Day

Friday, June 11th, 2021

Imagine yourself in a medical emergency where finding the right blood group becomes crucial to survival of your loved one. There is no substitute for blood, it cannot be made or manufactured. Generous blood donors are the only source of blood for patients in need of a blood transfusion. This “World Donor day” let each one of us pledge to donate blood regularly. It is essential and helps keep the world pulsating by saving lives and improving other’s health. A healthy individual can donate blood every 3 months.

How Blood donation helps?

  • Crucial during disasters or emergency situations.
  • Helps patients who lose blood during major surgeries.
  • People who have lost blood because of a gastrointestinal bleed.
  • Helps women who have serious complications during pregnancy or childbirth.
  • Is lifesaving for Cancer patients.
  • Is required for regular blood transfusions for thalassemia and sickle cell disease patients.

India relies heavily on transfusions due to a higher prevalence of blood-borne diseases. Our country is witness to 1200 road accidents every day and 60 million trauma induced surgeries are performed each year. The 230 million major operations, 331 million cancer-related procedures like chemotherapy and 10 million pregnancy complications require blood transfusion.

Who can Donate Blood?

Most people can give blood if they are in good health.

What makes you Eligible:

  • Any donor, who is healthy, fit, and not suffering from any transmittable diseases can donate blood.
  • Donors must be above 18 years of age and should weigh minimum 50 kgs.
  • The Donor’s Haemoglobin level must be 12.5 minimum.
  • Pulse rate must be between 50 to 100mm without any irregularities.
  • Should have normal blood pressure levels.
  • Body temperature should be normal.

What makes you Non-Eligible:

  • Patients of cardiac arrest, hypertension, kidney disease or epilepsy.
  • Consumption of alcohol within the last 24 hours.
  • Being HIV positive.
  • Having a cold, flu, sore throat, or any other infection.
  • Pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers cannot donate blood.

Blood Donation: side effects

You may have some temporary side effects after donating blood, these include:

  • In case you have a bit of bleeding from the spot where you donated, raise your arm and apply pressure to that spot for a few minutes.
  • If you are feeling lightheaded, lie down for a few minutes until you feel better.
  • If you have bruising in that area, use an ice pack on it.
  • Hydrate yourself with more and more fluids for 24-48 hours after you donate blood.
  • Don’t work out or do any hard physical activity for 24 hours after giving blood.

Myths and facts
Donating blood is a simple, safe way to help save lives. Don’t let these myths stop you from donating blood. Also, if you have any particular medical condition speak to you doctor about your eligibility to donate blood instead of making assumptions. Donating blood provides a lifesaving gift. It’s a simple thing to do and can make a big difference in the lives of others. Here are some common myths about donating blood and the real facts:

Myth: Blood donation is painful.
Fact: The only pain you’ll feel is the quick prick of the needle when it is inserted. The area may be slightly sore afterward, but any discomfort you feel is minor compared to this noble deed of blood donation.

Myth: It is unsafe to donate blood with my medications.
Fact: Most medications do not interfere with the process of blood donation. However, it is best to speak to your doctor in advance to find out if you are eligible for blood donation.

Myth: Blood donation makes me weak.
Fact: Only about one pint of blood is collected. The average adult has approximately 10 pints of blood, and after donating, your body makes new blood to replenish what is lost. Keep yourself hydrated, your body will replace lost fluids within a few hours and the red and white blood cells in a few days.

Myth: I can contract HIV or other infections.
Fact: A new sterile needle is used each time and is then immediately discarded. Stringent infection control practices are being followed to make this process safe and ensure minimal risk of infection to the donor.

Myth: Diabetics cannot donate blood.
Fact: Having diabetes cholesterol does not disqualify you from donating blood, as long as you are otherwise healthy. However, you must ensure that your blood sugar levels are under control before a blood donation.

Donating blood in a pandemic is important than even before as India is facing a huge blood deficit. You can safely donate blood just as you step out for other tasks, make sure that you follow these precautions at all times:

  • Take an appointment to avoid crowds.
  • Practise double masking.
  • Carry a hand sanitizer and use it frequently.
  • Maintain social distancing while at the hospital/ clinic.

The Department of Transfusion Medicine at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital is equipped with cutting-edge technology and employs innovative processes for processing and screening of blood and its components. We understand your apprehensions for blood donation and maintain strict infection control practices throughout the entire process. Our team of doctors and nurses ensures the sterile use of equipments at all times and makes sure the patient feels comfortable. Call our Blood Bank on 022-30937293 to donate blood. For further information, please visit: https://www.kokilabenhospital.com/departments/clinicaldepartments/transfusionmedicine/blooddonation.html

World Blood Donor Day

Thursday, June 11th, 2020

Blood donation happens when a person voluntarily agrees for his or her blood to be extracted and donated to a person in need. It is a noble deed that helps humanity.  Donated blood can be used for an emergency transfusion or can be separated into individual components to be used later. Donating Blood is a safe and easy process and helps save many lives.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), India suffers from an annual deficit of two million blood units, as only 1% of the Indian population donates blood each year. India faced a shortage of 1.95 million units of blood in 2019.

Who needs Blood Transfusions?
Blood transfusions are a critical part of everyday medicine. A person may need a blood transfusion for a variety of reasons. The most common situations include:

  • Surgeries
  • Accidents and Trauma
  • Childbirth complications
  • Organ Transplant
  • Cancer therapies
  • Thalassemia patients
  • Sickle cell anaemia patients

Blood Donation Process

The complete blood donation process which includes all the registration and formalities takes about an hour. The donation itself is only about 15 minutes. Here is the blood donation process:

  • If you’re donating whole blood, the area on your arm is cleansed and a sterile needle is used to extract blood.
  • The blood donor is seated comfortably or lying down.
  • Once the blood donation is complete a bandage is placed on your arm.
  • Platelet donation is slightly different from giving a whole-blood donation.

During the platelet donation, blood is removed from one arm, and then a centrifuge separates out the platelets. The rest of the blood then returns to the donor through the other arm.

Who can Donate Blood?
Most people can give blood if they are in good health.

What makes you Eligible:

  • Any donor, who is healthy, fit and not suffering from any transmittable diseases can donate blood.
  • The Donor must be 18 -60 years age and should weigh minimum 50 kgs.
  • The Donor’s Haemoglobin level must be 12.5g/dl minimum.
  • A donor can again donate blood after 3 months of the last donation.
  • Pulse rate must be between 50 to 100mm without any irregularities.
  • Blood Pressure Diastolic 50 to 100 mm Hg and Systolic 100 to 180 mm Hg.
  • Body temperature should be normal.

What makes you Non-Eligible:

  • Patients of cardiac arrest, hypertension, kidney disease or epilepsy.
  • Consumption of alcohol within the last 24 hours.
  • HIV + status
  • Having a cold, flu, sore throat, or any other infection.
  • Pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers cannot donate blood.

Myths and Facts

Every year there is a shortage in the actual demand and supply of Blood donations across India. There are many misconceptions regarding blood donations that must be cleared. Here are a few myths and facts about blood donation:
Myth #1: Giving blood hurts.
Fact: The only pain you’ll feel is the quick prick of the needle when it is inserted. The area may be slightly sore afterward, but this settles in a few hours.

Myth #2: Blood donation increases the risk of infections.
Fact: A new sterile needle is used each time someone donates blood and is then immediately discarded. Strict procedures are followed to avoid any kind of infection.

Myth #3: I can’t give blood because I have high cholesterol.
Fact: Having high cholesterol does not disqualify you from donating blood, as long as you are otherwise healthy. Consult your doctor for more details.

Myth #4: I can’t give blood because I am on medication.
Fact: As long as you are healthy, most medications will not disqualify you from donating blood. Speak to your doctor to clear your doubts about this.

Myth #5: Blood donation takes a lot of time.
Fact:  The whole procedure of blood donation from the time of registration takes less than 1 hour.

Myth #6: Blood donation lowers your immunity.
Fact: This is completely false. Your body’s immunity level is not affected by blood donation.

Myth #7: Donating blood frequently causes an iron deficiency.
Fact: No, a healthy individual with good eating habits can donate blood four times a year with a gap of three months. It does not affect your iron levels.

Blood Group Types
There are eight different blood types, and they’re not always compatible with each other. People who have O-negative blood are considered universal donors for the entire population. Here are the further details for quick reference:

Blood Donation and COVID-19

Does COVID-19 spread through blood donations?

No, this is a reparatory illness and does not spread by blood transfusion.

Anyone who is not showing any symptoms of COVID-19 currently or has not come in contact with a patient of COVID 19, can donate blood. The fear of the current pandemic and the lockdown has seen a reduction in the number of blood donors. It has caused an unprecedented shortage of blood in the blood bank. There is no substitute for blood. Donate blood, help save lives.

Take these precautions when you go for Blood Donation:

  • Take an appointment to avoid crowds.
  • Wear a mask.
  • Carry a hand sanitizer and use it frequently.
  • Maintain social distancing while at the hospital.

The Blood Bank at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art equipment, and use advanced techniques for processing and screening of blood and its components. We follow a stringent check on all samples before blood transfusion. Donating blood now is more important than ever before. Call our Blood Bank on 022-30937293 to donate blood. Please find below link for further details:

https://www.kokilabenhospital.com/departments/clinicaldepartments/transfusionmedicine/blooddonation.html