Archive for September, 2023

Healthy Habits for better Heart Health

Thursday, September 28th, 2023

Every day, your heart pumps about 2,000 litres of blood, supplying the body’s cells and organs with essential nutrients and oxygen. The easier you can make your heart’s job, the longer it can keep you alive. Practicing heart-healthy lifestyle habits consistently plays an important role in reducing the risk of heart disease – the leading cause of death among men and women worldwide. According to statistics, India is accountable for over 60% of the global burden of heart disease. Some of the risk factors for heart disease are modifiable, and adopting healthy habits can significantly improve your heart health.

The Adverse Effects of Heart Disease

Heart disease is a major global health concern, and its adverse effects can be devastating. Heart disease encompasses various conditions that affect the heart’s structure and function and can be life-threatening and debilitating. Here are some of the potential consequences:

  • Heart Attack
    Coronary artery disease can lead to a heart attack when the blood supply to the heart muscle is blocked, causing damage to the heart tissue. This can result in chest pain, shortness of breath, and even death.
  • Stroke
    Heart disease can increase the risk of blood clots forming in the arteries, which can travel to the brain and cause a stroke. Strokes can lead to paralysis, speech difficulties, and cognitive impairment.
  • Heart Failure
    Heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to pump blood efficiently, leading to fatigue, shortness of breath, and fluid retention in the body.
  • Arrhythmias
    Abnormal heart rhythms can cause palpitations, dizziness, and fainting. In severe cases, arrhythmias can lead to sudden cardiac arrest, a life-threatening condition.
  • Reduced Quality of Life
    Heart disease can significantly impact your quality of life by limiting your physical abilities and causing chronic pain and discomfort.

Healthy Heart Habits

Your heart is a precious organ that deserves the best care. By adopting these healthy habits, you can significantly improve your heart health and reduce your risk of heart disease. These include:

  • Adopt a Heart-Healthy Diet
    You must increase your intake of fruits and vegetables as they are rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants that support heart health. Choose whole grains in your diet over refined grains to provide sustained energy and are heart-friendly. Limit salt intake and avoid processed foods and include healthy fats in your diet.
  • Stay Physically Active
    You must strive to engage in 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity exercise per week. Incorporate strength training exercises to build muscle, boost metabolism, and support overall heart health.
  • Manage Stress
    Engage in relaxation techniques such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, or yoga to lower stress hormone levels and protect your heart.
  • Quit Smoking
    Smoking is a significant risk factor for heart disease. Seek help from a healthcare professional or support group to quit smoking for good. Second-hand smoking is equally dangerous.
  • Limit Alcohol Consumption
    Excessive alcohol intake can increase your risk of heart disease. It is best to say “No” to all forms of alcohol.
  • Manage Chronic Conditions
    It is essential to track your health numbers such as your blood sugar levels, your blood pressure levels, your cholesterol as well as your weight and manage them with lifestyle changes and medicines.
  • Regular Check-Ups
    Schedule regular health screenings to monitor your heart health. Early detection and management of risk factors can prevent heart disease.
  • Get Enough Sleep
    Aim for atleast 7 to 9 hours of quality sleep each night. Poor sleep can contribute to weight gain and increase the risk of heart disease. Sleep is an essential part of keeping your heart healthy and insufficient sleep increases your heart disease risk.
  • Don’t sit for long hours
    Medical research suggests that sitting for long periods of time is bad for your health no matter how much exercise you do. Individuals with a sedentary job must take regular breaks.
  • Practice good dental hygiene
    Protect your heart health by practicing good oral hygiene habits. Brush your teeth twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste and floss daily to maintain good dental hygiene.

Cardiac Care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Our Centre foe Cardiac Sciences is dedicated to providing comprehensive preventive care to ensure the well-being of our patients. With a focus on early detection and management of cardiac risk factors, our specialists offer a range of preventive services, including routine cardiovascular screenings, advanced diagnostic tests, and personalized risk assessments. They work closely with patients to develop tailored heart health plans that encompass lifestyle modifications, diet recommendations, and exercise regimens. The Centre for Cardiac Sciences is equipped with cutting-edge technology, world-class infrastructure, and a highly skilled team of cardiologists to provide cardiac care across age groups. By emphasizing preventive care, our cardiac specialists aim to reduce the incidence of heart disease and promote heart-healthy living among our patients, ultimately contributing to longer, healthier lives. Your heart health is our priority, please find below our website link for more details:

Coping with Alzheimer’s Disease

Monday, September 18th, 2023

The estimated dementia prevalence for adults aged 60+ in India is 7.4%. About 88 lakh Indians older than 60 years live with dementia and Alzheimer’s disease remains the most common form of dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is a relentless neurological condition that affects millions of individuals worldwide. It is a progressive brain disorder that primarily impacts memory, thinking, and behavior. As it advances, Alzheimer’s can become increasingly challenging, both for the person diagnosed and their loved ones. However, with the right strategies and support, individuals with Alzheimer’s can lead meaningful lives.

Understanding Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, accounting for approximately 60-80% of dementia cases. It is characterized by the abnormal accumulation of protein aggregates in the brain, leading to the death of brain cells and the subsequent decline in cognitive function. While the exact cause of Alzheimer’s remains unknown, it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors.

Symptoms of Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease typically progresses through several stages, each with its own set of symptoms:

  • Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)
    In the early stages, individuals may experience subtle memory lapses, difficulty finding the right words, and challenges with problem-solving. These changes can be concerning but might not interfere significantly with daily life.
  • Mild Alzheimer’s Disease
    As the disease progresses, symptoms become more noticeable. Individuals may have trouble with tasks like managing finances, remembering recent events, and getting lost in familiar places.
  • Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease
    This stage often brings more severe memory loss and cognitive decline. Individuals may struggle to recognize loved ones, exhibit mood swings, and need assistance with activities of daily living.
  • Severe Alzheimer’s Disease
    In the advanced stages, individuals lose the ability to communicate, recognize even the closest family members, and require round-the-clock care.

Expert Recommendations for Coping with Alzheimer’s disease

It’s essential to understand that Alzheimer’s disease is progressive, meaning it worsens over time. While there is no cure for Alzheimer’s, there are ways to slow its progression and improve the quality of life for those affected. Here are some expert recommendations on coping with Alzheimer’s disease:

  • Early Diagnosis
    Seeking a timely diagnosis is crucial. An early diagnosis allows for better planning and access to available treatments that may temporarily alleviate symptoms.
  • Medications
    Some medications can help manage cognitive symptoms and behavioral changes associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Consult a neurologist to determine if these are appropriate for the individual’s condition.
  • Memory Aids
    Use memory aids like calendars, notes, and reminders to help individuals remember important dates and tasks.
  • Right Engagement
    Engage in activities that stimulate the mind, such as puzzles, art, music, or gardening. These activities can help maintain cognitive function and improve mood.
  • Healthy Lifestyle
    Encourage healthy living by eating a balanced diet, getting frequent exercise, and getting enough rest.
  • Safe and Calming environment
    Remove hazards that increase the risk of falls, ensure proper nutrition, and establish a simple and regular routine for the patients and follow it daily.
  • Emotional Support
    Alzheimer’s can be emotionally challenging for both the affected individual and their caregivers. Seek support from local Alzheimer’s associations, support groups, or therapists to help cope with the emotional toll of the disease.

Coping with Alzheimer’s disease is undoubtedly challenging, but it’s possible to lead a fulfilling life even in the face of this progressive condition. Early diagnosis, a supportive environment, proper medical care, and a commitment to a healthy lifestyle are essential components of Alzheimer’s management. It’s crucial for individuals with Alzheimer’s disease and their caregivers to access timely support and medical care to help them navigate this journey.

Alzheimer’s care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Are you or a loved one suffering from Alzheimer’s disease resulting in memory loss, confusion, difficulty in speech and understanding, change in personality, aggressive behavior, hallucinations or depression. Our Centre for Neurosciences offers a comprehensive screening and care program for Alzheimer’s disease including neurology consultation, physical and cognitive rehabilitation, and psychotherapy. We are committed to work together with the patient and their family to alleviate suffering by offering the best possible medical care. Early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease can maximize the benefit and improve the patient’s quality of life. By following expert recommendations and maintaining a positive outlook, individuals with Alzheimer’s disease can continue to find moments of joy and connection in their lives. Please find below our website details for further information:

Prostate Cancer Awareness

Friday, September 8th, 2023

Prostate cancer is one of the leading cancers in India that usually affects men in the age group of 65 years and above. However, recently there has been an increase in reports of cancer in younger men below 65 years of age residing in metropolitan cities. Increasing age, obesity, improper diet habits, lack of exercise and genetic alterations have been identified by experts as the main contributing factors towards prostate cancer.  

Most often, the symptoms of prostate cancer are either ignored or neglected, leading to advanced stages of the cancer. Doctors warn against delay in diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer as it can prove fatal. It is important to know your family history, understand the common symptoms of prostate cancer and be regular with screening tests.

What is Prostate Cancer?

The prostate is a small gland in the male reproductive system, responsible for producing seminal fluid that nourishes and transports the sperm. Prostate cancer occurs when abnormal cells in the prostate gland start to grow uncontrollably. While it is generally a slow-growing cancer, it can be aggressive in some cases, making early detection and prevention crucial.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

The common symptoms include:

  • Urinary Problems
  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Pain and discomfort in the lower back, hips, or pelvis
  • Unexplained weight loss and persistent fatigue

Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer

While the exact cause of prostate cancer is not known, several risk factors increase the likelihood of developing the disease, which include:

  • Age
    Prostate cancer is more common in older men especially those above 65 years of age.
  • Family History
    Men with a family history of prostate cancer, especially in close relatives like fathers or brothers, are at higher risk.
  • Dietary Factors
    A diet high in red meat and low in fruits and vegetables may increase the risk of prostate cancer.
  • Obesity
    Being overweight or obese is associated with a higher risk of developing advanced prostate cancer.

Preventive Measures for Prostate Cancer

Medical experts recommend these essential lifestyle changes and tips to reduce your risk of prostate cancer:

  • Dietary Changes
    Focus on a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, whole grains, and lean proteins.
  • Exercise Regularly
    Engaging in regular physical activity not only helps maintain a healthy weight but may also reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
  • Limit Red Meat and Dairy
    Reducing the consumption of red meat and dairy products, particularly high-fat varieties, may lower the risk of prostate cancer.
  • Maintain a Healthy weight
    Obesity highly increases your risk of getting aggressive prostate cancer. Maintain a healthy weight through a combination of diet and exercise.
  • Screening and Early Detection
    Regular screenings are vital, especially for men with a family history of prostate cancer or those over the age of 50. Discuss with your healthcare provider when to start prostate cancer screenings, such as the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test.
  • Know your Family History
    Understanding your family’s medical history can help you and your healthcare provider assess your risk accurately.
  • Reduce Stress
    Chronic stress can weaken the immune system and potentially contribute to the development of cancer. Find ways to cope better with stress through yoga, meditation, self-care, etc.
  • Avoid Smoking and Quit Alcohol
    Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption has been linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer. Quit today.

Prostate Cancer Treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Prostate cancer awareness is essential for every man, as early detection and prevention can make a significant difference in the outcome of the disease. The team of specialists at our Centre for Cancer provides high-quality, evidence-based comprehensive and personalised care for prostate cancer. Regular check-ups and a commitment to a healthy lifestyle can go a long way in protecting your prostate health.

Our Uro-Oncology teams have successfully treated more than 500 prostate cancer patients in the past using state-of-the-art da Vinci Robotic Surgery and radiation techniques. Our multidisciplinary team consists of a uro-oncologist, medical oncologist, radiation oncologist and onco pathologist and radiologist for prompt decisions and faster treatment. Please find below our website link for more details:

How to Set Yourself up for a Restful Night of Sleep?

Monday, September 4th, 2023

Tossing and turning around, constantly worried and anxious, thinking about the next day, unable to settle into deep sleep, does this sound like you? Do you often feel fatigued and drowsy even after a night of sleep? More and more young Indians are suffering from a quiet epidemic of sleeplessness. A study conducted in 2019, suggests that India is the second-most sleep-deprived nation after Japan. High stress levels, unhealthy diets, alcohol intake, excessive screen use, work commitments, social events, etc are all disrupting the natural circadian rhythm allowing little time to wind down and relax with restful sleep. This is taking an invisible but massive toll on people’s physical, cognitive and emotional health as per Dr. Annu Aggarwal – Consultant, Neurology, Specialist Cognitive and Behavioural Neurology at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai.

The Importance of Sleep

Sleep, one of our most fundamental physiological processes, often gets sidelined in the hustle and bustle of modern life. Getting enough sound sleep is incredibly important for your overall health. However, as people are getting busier and more stressed, it can be difficult to switch off and get a good night’s rest.  Sleep is not just ‘downtime’ when the brain shuts off. It’s an active period during which vital processing, restoration, and strengthening occur. Lack of adequate sleep can lead to a host of health problems, from impaired memory and mood disorders to heightened risk of chronic conditions like heart disease and diabetes

How to Improve your Sleep routine

Most people should aim for 7 to 9 hours of sleep each night and children require even more hours. Here are some helpful tips to help sleep better:

  • Develop a routine
    One of the most effective ways to ensure a good night’s sleep is to develop a routine. Going to bed and waking up at the same time each day will help your body adjust to a regular sleep/wake cycle. This will help you fall asleep more quickly and wake up feeling more refreshed. It’s also important to wind down in the hours leading up to bedtime. Dim the lights, and engage in calming activities such as reading or taking a bath.
  • Limit exposure to screens
    Blue light emitted by various screens can disrupt the melatonin production, making it harder to fall asleep. Avoid use of any screens at least 1 hour before bedtime.
  • Create the right environment
    Creating the right environment for sleep is very essential. You must ensure that your bedroom is cool, dark, and quiet. Invest in a good quality mattress and pillows to ensure you’re as comfortable as possible. Blackout curtains or an eye mask can help block out unwanted light, while earplugs can help reduce noise.
  • Eat and drink wisely
    Your dietary habits have a huge impact on your sleep quality. Avoid heavy meals close to bedtime, as they can make it more difficult to fall asleep. Similarly, caffeine and alcohol should be avoided in the hours leading up to bedtime. Instead, try to stick to non-caffeinated herbal teas or warm milk.
  • Exercise regularly
    Regular exercise is another key factor in promoting restful sleep. However, it’s important to avoid rigorous exercise too close to bedtime, as it can be stimulating. Aim to finish your workout at least 3 hours before bedtime for best results.
  • Minimize stress
    Finally, it’s important to minimize stress as much as possible in the hours leading up to bedtime. This may be easier said than done, but there are lots of relaxation techniques that can help. Meditation, deep breathing, and progressive muscle relaxation are all effective ways to calm your mind and prepare for sleep.

Getting enough sleep is crucial for your health and wellbeing. By developing a routine, creating the right environment, eating and drinking wisely, exercising regularly, and minimizing stress, you can set yourself up for a restful night of sleep. Monitoring your sleep progress can be motivating. Use a sleep diary or a tracking device to observe patterns and make necessary adjustments. Noticing improvements in your sleep quality can encourage you to maintain your new habits. Good sleep hygiene can profoundly impact your quality of life..Sweet dreams!

How to eat a Healthy and Balanced Diet?

Monday, September 4th, 2023

In the hustle and bustle of today’s modern lives, it’s easy to overlook one fundamental aspect that underpins everyone’s well-being: nutrition. What one eats directly impacts your health, energy levels, and even your longevity.

The Critical Role of Nutrition

Nutrition is not just about satisfying hunger; it’s about providing your body with the essential nutrients they need to function optimally. Your body requires a variety of nutrients, including carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water, to perform vital functions like energy production, cell repair, and immune system support.

Connection Between Poor Diet and Chronic Diseases

It’s no secret that an unhealthy diet can lead to a host of chronic diseases. The food choices we make on a daily basis can either strengthen your defenses against these diseases or pave the way for their onset. Here’s how poor nutrition can lead to chronic health issues:

  • Heart Disease
    Excessive intake of saturated fats, trans fats, and sodium can raise blood pressure and cholesterol levels, increasing the risk of heart disease.
  • Type 2 Diabetes
    Diets high in refined sugars and low in fiber can lead to insulin resistance, a precursor to type 2 diabetes.
  • Obesity
    Consuming more calories than your body needs, especially from sugary and fatty foods, can result in weight gain and obesity, which are risk factors for various diseases.
  • Osteoporosis
    Inadequate calcium and vitamin D intake can weaken bones, increasing the risk of osteoporosis and fractures.

Top tips for a Healthy Diet

Now that you understand the significance of nutrition let’s explore the essential 10 food groups to incorporate into your daily diet for optimal health. These include:

  • Fruits and Vegetables
    Fruits and vegetables are nutritional powerhouses, rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants. They support a strong immune system, aid digestion, and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.
  • Whole Grains
    Whole grains like brown rice, quinoa, and whole wheat bread provide complex carbohydrates, fiber, and essential nutrients. They help regulate blood sugar and provide sustained energy.
  • Lean Proteins
    Lean protein sources like chicken, fish, tofu, and legumes are essential for muscle repair and immune function. They also keep you feeling full and satisfied.
  • Dairy and Dairy Products
    Dairy products or fortified dairy alternatives offer calcium and vitamin D for strong bones and teeth. Opt for low-fat or non-dairy options if you’re watching your fat intake.
  • Healthy Fats
    Include sources of healthy fats, such as avocados, nuts, seeds, and olive oil, to support brain health, reduce inflammation, and maintain healthy skin.
  • Nuts and Seeds
    Packed with nutrients and healthy fats, nuts and seeds make for a satisfying and heart-healthy snack. They’re also abundant in protein and fiber.
  • Legumes
    Beans, lentils, and chickpeas are rich in fiber, protein, and vitamins. They aid in digestion, stabilize blood sugar, and promote heart health.
  • Lean Meats
    Opt for lean cuts of meat like skinless poultry and lean beef to reduce saturated fat intake while still getting essential proteins and nutrients.
  • Fish
    Fatty fish like salmon, mackerel, and trout are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which support heart and brain health.
  • Hydration
    Water is essential for every bodily function. Staying well-hydrated helps maintain proper digestion, temperature regulation, and overall health.

Nutrition is the cornerstone of a healthy life. Incorporating these key food groups into your daily diet can transform your health and well-being. Remember that balance and moderation are the key. It’s not just about what food choices you make but also about how much you eat and the timings for the same. Always make mindful food choices and listen to your body’s hunger cues.

Nutrition care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

By making informed food choices and prioritizing a balanced diet rich in essential nutrients, you can pave the way to a healthy and fulfilling life. A balanced diet is crucial for maintaining good health and wellbeing. Consult highly trained nutritionists at our Department of Clinical Nutrition Therapy for a personalized diet plan to suit your existing health conditions. Please find below link for more details: