Archive for June, 2021

World Blood Donor Day

Friday, June 11th, 2021

Imagine yourself in a medical emergency where finding the right blood group becomes crucial to survival of your loved one. There is no substitute for blood, it cannot be made or manufactured. Generous blood donors are the only source of blood for patients in need of a blood transfusion. This “World Donor day” let each one of us pledge to donate blood regularly. It is essential and helps keep the world pulsating by saving lives and improving other’s health. A healthy individual can donate blood every 3 months.

How Blood donation helps?

  • Crucial during disasters or emergency situations.
  • Helps patients who lose blood during major surgeries.
  • People who have lost blood because of a gastrointestinal bleed.
  • Helps women who have serious complications during pregnancy or childbirth.
  • Is lifesaving for Cancer patients.
  • Is required for regular blood transfusions for thalassemia and sickle cell disease patients.

India relies heavily on transfusions due to a higher prevalence of blood-borne diseases. Our country is witness to 1200 road accidents every day and 60 million trauma induced surgeries are performed each year. The 230 million major operations, 331 million cancer-related procedures like chemotherapy and 10 million pregnancy complications require blood transfusion.

Who can Donate Blood?

Most people can give blood if they are in good health.

What makes you Eligible:

  • Any donor, who is healthy, fit, and not suffering from any transmittable diseases can donate blood.
  • Donors must be above 18 years of age and should weigh minimum 50 kgs.
  • The Donor’s Haemoglobin level must be 12.5 minimum.
  • Pulse rate must be between 50 to 100mm without any irregularities.
  • Should have normal blood pressure levels.
  • Body temperature should be normal.

What makes you Non-Eligible:

  • Patients of cardiac arrest, hypertension, kidney disease or epilepsy.
  • Consumption of alcohol within the last 24 hours.
  • Being HIV positive.
  • Having a cold, flu, sore throat, or any other infection.
  • Pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers cannot donate blood.

Blood Donation: side effects

You may have some temporary side effects after donating blood, these include:

  • In case you have a bit of bleeding from the spot where you donated, raise your arm and apply pressure to that spot for a few minutes.
  • If you are feeling lightheaded, lie down for a few minutes until you feel better.
  • If you have bruising in that area, use an ice pack on it.
  • Hydrate yourself with more and more fluids for 24-48 hours after you donate blood.
  • Don’t work out or do any hard physical activity for 24 hours after giving blood.

Myths and facts
Donating blood is a simple, safe way to help save lives. Don’t let these myths stop you from donating blood. Also, if you have any particular medical condition speak to you doctor about your eligibility to donate blood instead of making assumptions. Donating blood provides a lifesaving gift. It’s a simple thing to do and can make a big difference in the lives of others. Here are some common myths about donating blood and the real facts:

Myth: Blood donation is painful.
Fact: The only pain you’ll feel is the quick prick of the needle when it is inserted. The area may be slightly sore afterward, but any discomfort you feel is minor compared to this noble deed of blood donation.

Myth: It is unsafe to donate blood with my medications.
Fact: Most medications do not interfere with the process of blood donation. However, it is best to speak to your doctor in advance to find out if you are eligible for blood donation.

Myth: Blood donation makes me weak.
Fact: Only about one pint of blood is collected. The average adult has approximately 10 pints of blood, and after donating, your body makes new blood to replenish what is lost. Keep yourself hydrated, your body will replace lost fluids within a few hours and the red and white blood cells in a few days.

Myth: I can contract HIV or other infections.
Fact: A new sterile needle is used each time and is then immediately discarded. Stringent infection control practices are being followed to make this process safe and ensure minimal risk of infection to the donor.

Myth: Diabetics cannot donate blood.
Fact: Having diabetes cholesterol does not disqualify you from donating blood, as long as you are otherwise healthy. However, you must ensure that your blood sugar levels are under control before a blood donation.

Donating blood in a pandemic is important than even before as India is facing a huge blood deficit. You can safely donate blood just as you step out for other tasks, make sure that you follow these precautions at all times:

  • Take an appointment to avoid crowds.
  • Practise double masking.
  • Carry a hand sanitizer and use it frequently.
  • Maintain social distancing while at the hospital/ clinic.

The Department of Transfusion Medicine at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital is equipped with cutting-edge technology and employs innovative processes for processing and screening of blood and its components. We understand your apprehensions for blood donation and maintain strict infection control practices throughout the entire process. Our team of doctors and nurses ensures the sterile use of equipments at all times and makes sure the patient feels comfortable. Call our Blood Bank on 022-30937293 to donate blood. For further information, please visit: https://www.kokilabenhospital.com/departments/clinicaldepartments/transfusionmedicine/blooddonation.html

All about Brain tumours

Tuesday, June 8th, 2021

The experience of you or a loved one going through a brain tumour diagnosis and treatment can be confusing, frightening, and isolating. However, advances in science, medical technology, and cutting-edge infrastructure have played a significant role in lowering the mortality rate of brain tumour patients and improving their quality of life. Early detection and timely treatment is the key towards efficient management of brain tumour. 

A brain tumour is an abnormal growth of cells inside the brain or skull; some are benign, while others are cancerous. Tumours can develop from the brain tissue itself (primary), or cancer can spread to the brain from elsewhere in the body (metastasis). Treatment options vary depending on the type, size, and location of the tumour. Treatment objectives may be curative or symptomatic. Many of the 120 types of brain tumours can be successfully treated if detected early.

Symptoms of Brain tumour

Every person diagnosed with a brain tumour will have different symptoms and their own journey to a diagnosis. While some people do not develop symptoms that would indicate a tumour, others may have symptoms that worsen overtime eventually leading to a diagnosis. Here are some symptoms that need further investigation:

  • Cognitive or behavioural changes
  • Dizziness or unsteadiness
  • Double or blurred vision
  • Frequent headaches
  • Seizures
  • Weakness or paralysis

Types of Brain tumour

Brain tumours are classified into:

  • Primary brain tumours include tumours that originate from the tissues of the brain or the brain’s immediate surroundings.
  • Secondary brain tumours start somewhere else in your body and travel to the brain. Lung, breast, kidney, colon, and skin cancers are among the most common cancers that spread to your brain.

Malignant and non-malignant Brain tumours

Benign brain tumours don’t have cancer cells. They grow slowly, are easily removed, and seldom spread to the surrounding brain tissue. They can be life-threatening depending on which section of the brain they occur in. Cancer cells can be seen in malignant brain tumours that grow quickly and have the ability to infiltrate healthy brain tissue and cause damage.

Brain tumour risk factors

The cause of brain tumour is still largely unknown. Although some genetic conditions and environmental factors may contribute to the development of brain tumour and may increase your risk of having it. These include:

  • Gender: Certain cancers, like meningiomas, are twice as likely to develop in women, while medulloblastomas are more frequently found in males.
  • Age: The frequency of brain cancer increases with age, with more occurrences in individuals age 65 and older.
  • Compromised immune system: Some people with compromised immune systems have an increased risk of developing lymphomas of the brain.
  • Genetic links: Certain inherited conditions make you more prone to have brain tumours.
  • Chemical exposure: Exposure to certain industrial chemicals or solvents has been linked to an increased risk in developing brain cancer.
  • Previous radiation treatment: Exposure to radiation therapy, particularly at a young age, may increase the likelihood of developing brain cancer.

There is no defined way to prevent a brain tumour. However, you can reduce your risk of developing a brain tumour by avoiding environmental hazards such as smoking and excessive exposure to radiation.

Brain tumour Treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

A brain tumour is a rare diagnosis, but if detected may cause immense emotional and physical discomfort to the patient. Our Centre for Neurosciences offers multi-disciplinary care and assists your brain tumour journey through diagnosis, treatment, follow-up visits and rehabilitation care. Our team of highly trained neurologists are well equipped with the most advanced imaging technology to help identity and diagnose your brain tumour with utmost accuracy. Our dedicated team of neurosurgeons, medical oncologists, neuroradiologists, paediatric oncologists and neurorehabilitation experts support our patients with all aspects of living with a brain tumour and is equipped with advanced treatment options. Our team of neorurosurgeons offer high-quality treatment options that include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, surgery, etc. Expert neurosurgeons at our Centre for Neurosciences have performed about 1375 brain tumour surgeries with positive results in the past. Our Centre for Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation  understands the nuances of brain tumour and supports patients recovering from a surgery with the most advanced and trusted rehabilitation techniques. Our specialists also use the latest operative advances with navigation, stereotactic radiotherapy, awake surgery techniques, neurophysiology monitoring with MEP and SSEP to help deliver better outcomes. Here are some of the innovative technologies we use:

  • Cavitron Ultrasonic Aspirator (CUSA) – Increases safety and reduces operating time during a brain surgery.
  • NEURONAVIGATION SYSTEM – Guides neurosurgeons during brain tumour surgery for better surgical outcomes.
  • ZEISS OPMI Pentero Microscope – Provides neurosurgeons with more powerful magnification during brain tumour removal and resections.
  • 3T Magnetom trio – Utilizing shorter scan times and providing maximum patient comfort, this high field MRI offers high-end imaging results.
  • NOVALIS TX(Stereotactic Radiosurgery) – Used to treat brain tumours.
  • Leksel stereotactic system – Used in stereotactic biopsy of brain tumours and stereotactic radiosurgery.

For further information on our Centre for Neurosciences, please visit the below link: https://www.kokilabenhospital.com/departments/centresofexcellence/centrefor_neurosciences.html

Stay healthy & fit as you age

Tuesday, June 1st, 2021

Are you overwhelmed seeing your elderly parents?
Do they have mobility issues or medical conditions?
Do you think life could have been better for them?

Statistics suggest that India will have 330 million individuals aged 60 years and above by 2050, accounting for 18% of our total population. Medical professionals suggest that people who had good healthy habits when they were younger tend to become healthy seniors, but it is never too late. Good health habits can make a difference even to seniors who are prone to illness or have not made their health a priority in the past. Here are some insightful details to help navigate senior health.

Healthy living tips for seniors

Your health tends to deteriorate as your age. However, with a positive attitude, better lifestyle choices and a healthy diet can help slow down the aging process and live better. Do share these healthy living tips with your parents and senior loved ones:

  • Be active more often
    Exercise reduces your risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and some cancers. It also means that you will be healthier in your later years and will be less likely to develop dementia and other cognitive changes.
  • Improve your diet
    A healthy and balanced diet that is high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, olive oil, and protein, and low in meat, sugar, and processed foods helps your cells function better and slows down aging.
  • Get quality sleep
    Sleep deprivation affects your memory, emotions, weight, and even your appearance. The older you get, the harder it can be to fall and stay asleep, but you still need the same amount of hours. Speak to your doctor for any sleep disorders.
  • Stop smoking
    Research suggests that quitting smoking reduces your risk of getting a heart attack and other chronic diseases. The earlier you quit, the better it is as smoking cessation decreases the risk of middle-aged smokers dying by almost half.
  • Focus on prevention
    Annual health checkups, cancer screenings, as well as screenings for diseases that run in the family must form a part of healthcare for the elderly. Seniors must consult their doctors from time to time and review their medications.
  • Care for your mental health
    Loneliness, particularly at this age, can lead to feelings of anxiety and depression. Spend time socialising with family and friends, even if it means interacting virtually. Aside from that, doing crossword puzzles, sudoku, reading a book, and trying new hobbies all help to stimulate your mind and improve your mental health.
  • Screen for vision changes
    Seniors who wear glasses should have their prescriptions checked for changes and their eyes screened for health issues once a year. Their risk of accidental falls can be reduced considerably by wearing the proper glasses.
  • Be regular with dental checkups
    As you age dental cavities, as well as gum infections, may increase. These may be linked to serious health conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.

Exercise tips for seniors

Irrespective of your age and physical condition, it’s never too late to start exercising and get fit. People tend to slow down and become more sedentary with age. You may feel discouraged by health problems, aches, and pains, or concerns about injuries or falls. As you grow older, an active lifestyle becomes more important than ever before. Here are some health benefits of exercise:

  • Maintain or lose weight – As your metabolism naturally slows with age, maintaining a healthy weight can become a challenge. Regular exercise helps increase your metabolism and build muscle mass, helping your body to burn more calories.
  • Reduce the impact of illness – People who exercise tend to have improved immune system, better digestion, reduced risk of heart disease, controlled blood pressure, and better bone health.
  • Enhance your flexibility, and balance – Exercise improves your strength, flexibility, and posture, which in turn can help with your balance and coordination, and reduce your risk of falls.
  • Improves your sleep – Quality sleep is vital for your overall health as you get older. Regular activity can help you fall asleep faster, sleep more deeply, and wake up feeling more energetic and refreshed.
  • Boost your mood and self-confidence – Exercise is a great stress reliever, and the endorphins released can help reduce feelings of sadness, depression, and anxiety. Being active and strong can also help you feel more confident.

Here are some ways to make your fitness routine fun and keep yourself motivated:

  • Use guided meditation.
  • Listen to music while exercising.
  • Meet a friend for a walk.
  • Walk or play fetch with a dog.
  • Play with your grandchildren.
  • Find an exercise buddy for daily workouts.

Always listen to your body and never over-exert yourself. Stop exercising immediately if you experience discomfort, pain, feel dizzy or short of breath. Start slowly and build up your exercise program little by little. Prevent injury and discomfort by warming up, cooling down, and keeping water handy.

Following a healthy lifestyle, investing in preventive healthcare, staying active and access to prompt medical attention can help you lead a happy and healthy life in your yesteryears. Doctors at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital are available to attend to all your medical concerns with utmost care and expertise. For further information, please visit:

https://www.kokilabenhospital.com