Living with epilepsy

Living with Epilepsy

Feb 15th, 2022

Archive for February, 2022

Living with Epilepsy

Tuesday, February 15th, 2022

In India, it is estimated that around 10 million people suffer from epilepsy, affecting roughly 1% of the population. It affects almost 50 million individuals worldwide, making it one of the most common neurological diseases. Epilepsy is a neurological illness in which the brain activity becomes aberrant, resulting in seizures or episodes of odd behaviour, feelings, and occasionally loss of consciousness. If diagnosed on time and treated correctly, up to 70% of persons with epilepsy could live seizure-free. 

People with epilepsy often experience changes in their quality of life such as limited mobility, as well as the impact on learning, employment, relationships, and social interactions. In order to live a near normal life it is important to understand how to manage epilepsy better and seek specialist medical help. The challenges of living with epilepsy may be different for children, adolescents, and seniors than for adults and each age group needs a lot of support from their family, community and medical team. Together we can all make a difference to help people overcome the challenges of epilepsy, treat epilepsy and aim to live a seizure-free.

Living with Epilepsy

Living with epilepsy means learning about the condition, getting the right medical help, being prepared for seizures and making your environment as safe as possible. Here are a few tips to live better with epilepsy:


Having epilepsy does not necessarily stop someone from  working, however there will be certain limitations on basis of the nature of work. If you have seizures, you may not be able to do jobs that risk your safety or the safety of other people. 

Sports and Leisure

Most people with epilepsy can take part in sports and other leisure activities if their seizures are well controlled. However, doctors recommend avoiding swimming, water sports, or taking part in adventure sports like paragliding, parasailing, rafting, etc

School and Education

Children with epilepsy can attend regular school and also participate in school activities. You must make the child’s school and teachers aware of their condition and keep them updated about medication and seizure first-aid. Some children may need extra support and therapy to fulfil their educational requirements.


Pregnancy may change the effectiveness of your medication or how your seizures occur. Some women may find that their seizures are better controlled during pregnancy, or that you have more seizures than is usual for you. It is very important to work in co-ordination with your gynaecologist and neurologist to ensure that you receive continued epilepsy care during your pregnancy. 

Children and Epilepsy

Children with an illness like epilepsy may suffer emotional problems, like low self-esteem or depression. This can also lead to feelings anger, embarrassment, frustration, etc. Here is how you can help your child:

  • Make your child aware about the disease.
  • Focus on things that they can do.
  • Educate the family about the condition.
  • Seek counselling if required.
  • Explain seizure first-aid to everyone.

Home Safety

It is important to make minor changes in your house to make it safer and convenient for people who have seizures. Here are some simple changes recommended by doctors for epilepsy patients:

  • Spot any potential dangers like sharp furniture corners, slippery floors, loose wires and take the required action.
  • Avoid use of glass tables.
  • Keep all walkways clear of obstacles.
  • Install a shower chair, non-slip mats, and grab bars to make bathing a safe experience.

Trigger of Epilepsy Seizures

The seizure triggers of one person may be radically different from those of another. Keeping a seizure diary where you note down the details will help you in the long run to identify  certain triggers and avoid them: Some of the common ones include:

  • Missed medication
  • Stress
  • Lack of sleep
  • Alcohol
  • Menstruation

Seizure first-aid: Do’s and Don’ts

There are many types of seizures. Most seizures last for only a few minutes.

What to do when someone is having a seizure:

  • Stay with the person until the seizure ends and he or she is fully awake.
  • Comfort the person and speak calmly.
  • Keep yourself and other people calm.
  • Call for medical services if needed.

What not to do when someone is having a seizure:

  • Do not hold the person down or try to restrain his or her movements.
  • Do not put anything in the person’s mouth.
  • Do not offer water or food until he or she is fully alert.

Epilepsy Treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Concerned about a loved one suffering from epilepsy? The Comprehensive Epilepsy Care Programme is organised to provide multi-faceted and advanced epilepsy care to adults and children with epilepsy. Our Centre for Neurosciences is the first centre in Western India to be equipped with high-end diagnostic facilities and provides medical as well as surgical treatment options for simple as well as complex epilepsy cases. Our highly experienced team of neurosurgeons have performed over 200 successful epilepsy surgeries. The team also conducts regular sessions to create awareness and remove fears about epilepsy in the community. Our Support Group for Epilepsy meets regularly with epilepsy patients and addresses common social, employment, as well as educational issues for patients. Please find below our website details for further information:

Cancer Awareness

Thursday, February 3rd, 2022

Shocked and surprised at a loved one’s cancer diagnosis? Being diagnosed with cancer and going through intensive treatment can cause immense physical discomfort as well as an emotional upheaval. As per statistics by multiple cancer research organizations; early detection and treatment helps save lives of cancer patients. Regular cancer screening is recommended for everyone. Cancer causes cells to divide uncontrollably. This can result in tumours, damage to the immune system, and other impairment that can prove fatal. India saw over 14 lakh new cancer cases in 2020 and the leading cancers were: breast, lung, mouth, cervix, uterus and tongue. World Health Organization (WHO) speculates that one in 10 Indians will develop cancer during their lifetime and one in 15 will die of the disease. The theme for this year’s World Cancer Day, celebrated on 4th February “Close the Care Gap” aims to raise awareness about cancer and provide appropriate cancer care to all.

Types of Cancer

Cancer refers to an abnormal & unregulated growth of tissue, which may invade surrounding normal structures and also spread to sites distant from that of origin. These cells are termed cancer cells, malignant cells, or tumour cells. They are further identified by the name of the tissue that the abnormal cells originated from (for example, lung cancer, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, cervical cancer, etc). Cancers are broadly of 3 types:

  • Carcinomas (70%)
    Arise in membranes (coverings) and glands/ ducts of glands; commonest type of cancer; usually spreads to neighbouring sites, then to distant sites; important sites include head-neck, lung, breast, prostate, oesophagus, colorectum & anus.
  • Sarcomas (10-20%)
    Arise from bone/muscle/nerve; less common; spreads to distant sites early.
  • Blood cancers
    This includes leukemia, lymphoma & myeloma.

Symptoms of Cancer

It’s important to be aware of the warning symptoms of cancer, regardless of your age or health. Some of the signs and symptoms aren’t usually indicative of cancer. However it is critical to consult a medical specialist to assess your health and take appropriate action. The following are some of the most common cancer signs and symptoms in both men and women:

  • Abnormal periods or pelvic pain.
  • Breast changes.
  • Chronic cough.
  • Excessive bruising.
  • Frequent fevers or infections.
  • Skin changes.
  • Persistent pain and fatigue.
  • Stomach pain or nausea.
  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Unusual lumps.

Risk factors of Cancer

There has been extensive research on cancer over the years and studies suggest that the most common causes and risk factors of cancer are:

  • Alcohol intake.
  • Tobacco use.
  • Lack of physical activity.
  • Being overweight or obese.
  • Poor dietary habits.
  • Radiation exposure.
  • Virus infections and other infections.
  • Family history.

Common questions about Cancer

Cancer is a serious health condition and may be difficult for some people to understand and care about. Here are some common questions to ask your doctor and understand your condition better:

  • What risk factors do I have about cancer?
  • What is my chance of developing cancer?
  • How can I lower my risk of cancer?
  • What cancer screening tests do you recommend?

Cancer prevention

There is no definitive way to prevent cancer. However, you can make changes to lower the risk of getting cancer. Here are a few changes to adapt:

  • Aim to be a maintain a healthy weight throughout life.
  • Be physically active for at least 30 minutes every day.
  • Limit sugar and salt intake.
  • Eat a variety of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and legumes.
  • Avoid alcohol and tobacco use.
  • Exclusively breastfeed your baby.
  • Get vaccinated.
  • Be regular with cancer screenings.

Cancer care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Cancer symptoms vary according to the site of the disease. However, any abnormal lump or any unusual bleeding or discharge needs to be investigated by a specialist. Meet our team of highly trained specialists for comprehensive cancer care using high-end technologies that match international standards. Our team of oncologists and onco-surgeons work closely with the patient and offer multi-modal treatment that includes radiation therapy, chemotherapy, surgical treatment as well as rehabilitation care.

Our advanced technology includes:

  • Minimal Access Surgery and Robotic Surgery for most cancers.
  • Trilogy for radiotherapy, EdgeTM and Novalis Tx for radiosurgery.
  • Latest PET Scan for precise diagnosis.

Consult our team of experts at our Centre for Cancer for prevention, timely screening, early diagnosis and appropriate cancer care. Please find below the website details for further information: