Archive for December, 2022

Recommended Health Screenings, 40+

Thursday, December 22nd, 2022

As people age, it becomes increasingly important to prioritize their health and wellbeing. Regular health screenings can help detect potential health issues early on. Whether you’re busy with your professional commitments, managing your parenting duties or indulging your travel bug, chances are your lifestyle has settled into a routine that works for you. That may also mean skipping workouts in favour of more important obligations or compromising on your nutrition. This can negatively affect your health, increase your stress levels and may also lead to poor quality sleep.  

What makes annual screenings essential?

It’s all about prevention for both men and women in their 40s, and that begins with getting a health examination done. Your doctor can spot abnormalities during a yearly exam, properly assess them, and, if necessary, start treating you right away. As your metabolism slows down after 40, it is even more important to take care of yourself.

10 Health screenings you need in your 40s:

Here are some important health screenings that men and women should consider as they get older:

  • Blood pressure
    High blood pressure (hypertension) can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and kidney problems. It is recommended that adults over the age of 40 have their blood pressure checked at least every two years.
  • Cholesterol
    High levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke. It is recommended that adults over the age of 20 have their cholesterol checked at least every five years.
  • Diabetes
    Diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when the body is unable to properly regulate blood sugar levels. The fast food diet, sedentary lifestyle, and increased stress can cause more weight gain, especially around the abdomen, which puts you at an increased risk for diabetes and pre-diabetes. Get your blood sugar levels checked every year.
  • Evaluate mental health.
    Nearly 20% of persons over the age of 40 experience depression occasionally or suffer from other mental health concerns. Mental illnesses increase your risk of chronic conditions like obesity, heart disease, etc.
  • Hormone function
    In middle age, hormonal changes tend to affect both men and women. Stress, lack of sleep, weight gain, and a sedentary lifestyle are just a few examples of the demands of daily living that can negatively impact testosterone and other hormones like oestrogen and progesterone.
  • Eye test
    Depending on your age, risk factors, and whether you presently wear contacts or glasses, the majority of eye care professionals advise a thorough eye exam at least every one to two years. A baseline eye examination is a thorough check for any early warning symptoms of eye disorders.
  • Cancer screenings
    Here are some essential cancer screenings to undertake:
    • Prostate cancer
      Prostate cancer is the most common cancer seen in men. It is recommended that men over the age of 40 have a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test to screen for prostate cancer.
    • Breast cancer
      Breast cancer is the most common cancer seen in women. It is recommended that women over the age of 40 have regular mammograms to screen for breast cancer.
    • Cervical cancer
      Along the same lines, cervical cancer screening is recommended for women starting at age 21 with regular Pap tests.
  • Bone density test
    If you are over 40 and have risk factors for osteoporosis, your bone health must be checked. In order to assess your risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures, a bone mineral density (BMD) test counts the minerals that are present in your bones.
  • Sexual health
    Your doctor will order any STI tests as needed or at your request. A urologist will evaluate men’s reproductive health and also look for any signs of prostate cancer, testicular cancer, and other concerns. The reproductive and sexual health for women can be evaluated with a thorough examination by a gynaecologist.
  • Examine your oral health
    An oral health examination includes teeth cleaning, an oral health evaluation, and X-rays of the mouth. This can help detect and treat oral health problems early.

Executive Health Checkups at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Regular health examinations can help in the early detection of any medical problems, enabling timely and effective treatment. Depending on your age, the medical history of your family, and other risk factors, your doctor may request a number of tests and screenings. Reach out to our Executive health checkup team on 022 42696969 for scheduling your appointment or book it online on the below link:

How does overeating affect your body?

Wednesday, December 14th, 2022

Cannot stop munching on that pack of chips? Love bingeing on your favourite gulab jamuns? Do you love indulging in your favourite cuisines? Be it a celebration or a regular day do you tend to overeat often? Overeating has both short-term and long-term health repercussions. Despite the fact that it makes you feel even worse later, people also use food to deal with stress and other unpleasant feelings. Even though it may seem like you’re caught in a never-ending cycle, binge eating disorder is curable. You may learn to regulate your eating and form a positive connection with food with the correct guidance and support.

When you frequently take more calories than your body requires to maintain normal physical function, it is a sign of an overeating habit. The habit does not, however, develop overnight. People who struggle with overeating frequently engage in the behaviour on several occasions. Over a period of time this can damage your health.

What happens when you overeat?

The signal from your brain informing your stomach that you are full takes around 20 minutes to reach your stomach. When you consume food after you reach this stage of fullness, you are overeating. A heavy meal can have both short-term and long-term effects on your organs, weight, and sleep. Find out what really happens to your body when you overeat:

  • Overeating causes the stomach to expand beyond its normal size to accommodate the excess food. This discomfort can make you feel tired, sluggish or drowsy.
  • Your organs must work harder when you eat too much.
  •  The stomach secretes hydrochloric acid to digest food. Heartburn may arise from this acid backing up into the oesophagus after an excessive meal.
  • Your stomach may also produce gas, leaving you with pain, discomfort and a full feeling.

Dangers of overeating

When you eat a lot, you end up with a heavy, sore, stuffed belly. Everybody experiences this occasionally. Large calorie intake is exhibited by individuals with binge eating disorders. That may completely wreck your system. The way the body functions is altered by this eating disorder. Here are a few long-term physical effects of binge eating disorder. 

  • Weight gain
    When you binge eat, you frequently gain weight. Overweight people make about two thirds of patients with the disease. When you eat a lot of food quickly and don’t work off the calories through exercise, you may gain excess weight. Being overweight or obese also increases your risk of several chronic diseases.
  • Heart disease
    Your heart has to work harder to pump blood to your body and lungs if you are overweight. High blood pressure, excessive cholesterol, and high blood sugar are all risks associated with being overweight, especially in the area around the abdomen. Your risk of heart attack and stroke is increased by all of these factors.
  • Type 2 Diabetes
    Type 2 diabetes is more likely to occur in overweight people than in other people. That happens when your body is unable to produce or utilize insulin sufficiently to maintain a healthy level of blood sugar. Type 2 diabetes can result from binge eating disorder.
  • Depression
    People with binge eating disorders are more likely to experience depression and anxiety. Many individuals who binge eat do it to elevate their mood. This might make you feel guilty and encourage further bingeing.
  • Sleep problems
    Research shows people with binge eating disorder are more likely than others to have trouble sleeping and suffer from sleep apnea. This sleep condition causes you to have frequent pauses while breathing.
  • Joint problems
    Your joints can be harmed by the extra weight brought on by binge eating disorder. It might result in osteoarthritis. Your joints’ cartilage starts to erode at that point. Any joint, including the fingers, hips, and knees, may experience this.
  • Fertility and pregnancy problems
    Binge eating disorder can also impact your fertility. Instead of following a normal cycle, periods might be erratic. During pregnancy, overweight women are more likely to suffer from high blood pressure and high blood sugar, both of which are harmful to the mother and the unborn child.

Smart ways to avoid overeating

While everyone may feel tempted occasionally, here are some simple yet effective tips to stay away from overeating:

  • Pay attention to your portion sizes.
  • Avoid processed and deep-fried foods.
  • Eat more salads and stir fries.
  • Eat fresh fruits as snacks.
  • Avoid distractions when you eat, such as watching screens or talking on the phone.
  • Eat slowly and chew your food well.
  • Stay hydrated.
  • Plan your meals ahead. 

If you are suffering from an eating disorder or are overweight or obese, we highly recommend meeting our dieticians at the Department of Nutrition Therapy. A personalized diet plan is very helpful in correcting your eating habits and will help improve your health. Please find below the website link for more details:

Poor AQI – Respiratory Health Precautions

Thursday, December 8th, 2022

Does the skyline look hazy to you? Do you see the Mumbai smog? For most of the last few weeks, the air quality has remained in the ‘poor’ category in Mumbai. This has adversely affected the health of many people especially vulnerable populations like children and the elderly. According to the network of monitoring stations that make up the System of Air Quality Forecasting and Research (SAFAR), an AQI (Air Quality Index) of 0-49 is regarded as “good,” 50 to 99 as “satisfactory,” and 100 to 199 as “moderate.” AQI above 400 ‘severe’ and above 500 is considered ‘severe+’.

How Air pollution harms your health?

Exposure to toxic substances can have both short and long-term consequences. Chest pain, breathing difficulties, coughing, throat irritation, airway inflammation, lung tissue destruction, impaired lung function, asthma, and an increased risk of respiratory infections are just a few of the negative impacts of breathing in low quality air. Around 3 million premature deaths worldwide are attributed to air pollution, the most of which are caused by lung cancer, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and acute respiratory infections.

Particulate matter includes toxic substances including sulphur dioxide, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide. They cause swelling by irritating the bronchial passages. Breathing gets more difficult as the tubes get smaller. People with pre-existing respiratory health conditions have trouble breathing and the poor air quality makes matters worse for them. The poor air quality is also leading to chronic infections and allergies amongst school going children.

Chronic lower respiratory diseases — including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma deteriorate your quality of life and may also lead to fatalities in extreme cases. Further with increasing age, your lungs, just like your heart, joints, and other parts of your body, age with time. They can become less flexible and lose their strength, which can affect their breathing capability. You must adopt healthy lifestyle habits to maintain the health of your lungs, and help them work optimally.

Our health expert, Dr Tanu Singhal, Consultant Paediatrician and Infectious Diseases specialist at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai suggests that she has been seeing an increase in viral infections among both children and adults in the past two weeks. Exacerbation of conditions like asthma and allergies is the most common ailment she is attending to at this duration. People with a milder form of respiratory infections are at risk of developing severe forms of the infection due to poor air quality, she said. She also warned against self-medicating, except in allergy cases, for minor coughs and colds as taking antibiotics for viral infections does more harm in the long run without providing any immediate relief.

Health precautions

Here are some simple and helpful tips to protect you and your family from the poor AQI and air pollution:

  • Check the air quality
  • Avoid exercising outdoors when pollution levels are high
  • Try to stay indoors if possible
  • Wear a mask if stepping outdoors
  • Invest in an air purifier
  • Quit smoking
  • Don’t burn wood or trash

If you or a loved one are facing a breathing difficulty, chest discomfort or wheezing do not hesitate to seek care at our Department of Pulmonary Medicine. Our pulmonologists can help manage your symptoms with prompt diagnosis and care. Call 022 42696969 for appointments. Please visit the below website for more details: