Posts Tagged ‘ health tips ’

Healthy you = Healthy nation

Sunday, January 26th, 2020

Are you healthy?

Are you happy?

Is your poor health hampering your professional life?

Chronic diseases and ailments can affect your performance at work, lead to poor concentration and may add to your sick leaves. A good physical and mental health makes an important contribution to the economic progress of the nation. Healthy populations live longer, are more productive, and save more.

India stands to lose $4.58 trillion due to non-communicable diseases and mental disorders between 2012 and 2030, an amount more than double India’s annual GDP, according to a report. Out of this, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) will account for $2.17 trillion and mental health conditions $1.03 trillion for the majority of the economic loss. This report has been released by the World Economic Forum and the Harvard School of Public Health.

Why is India unhealthy?

Unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, air pollution, harmful use of alcohol and tobacco consumption, lack of awareness is the main reason behind the development of NCDs. A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another. NCDs include most cancers, heart diseases, Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and others. World Health Organization estimates that an estimated 60 per cent of all deaths in India are due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs).

Top 10 killers in India

The latest Global Burden of Disease study lists ailments that are triggering most deaths and disabilities in India. Here is the list:

1. Heart Disease causes 17.8% of all deaths.

Cases of heart attacks are increasing day by day and an increasing number of cases are affecting younger people.

2. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) causes 8.66% of all deaths.

The human lungs have a holding capacity of 3.5 litres. After 30 years of age, it declines by 10-30 ml per year, if a person does not exercise. However, in COPD patients, it declines faster, almost 100 ml per year which harms the functioning of your lungs. 

3. Diarrhoea causes 7.94% of all deaths.

Diarrhoea kills just a little less than COPD. In all age groups, it is the third-largest killer in India. 

4. Cerebrovascular diseases cause 7.09% of all deaths

This includes neurological diseases like brain strokes and cases of internal bleeding.

5. Cancer causes 6% of all deaths.

According to WHO, India has a cancer mortality rate of 79 per 100,000 deaths and accounts for over 6 percent of total deaths.

6. Lower Respiratory Tract Infections (LRI) cause 5.06% of all deaths.

These include pneumonia and influenza infections. Antibiotics often prove ineffective in today’s drug-resistant strains. This disease strikes the old and young alike.

7. Tuberculosis (TB) causes 4.45% of all deaths.

Cases of Tuberculosis are often misdiagnosed and not treated appropriately which leads to many deaths by TB.

8. Diabetes causes 3.11% of all deaths.

India has an estimated number of 6.5 crore diabetics. Uncontrolled blood sugar leads to many diabetes complications like and may damage your retina, kidneys, nerves, and arteries. A diabetic lives 7-8 years less than a normal person.

9. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) causes 2.39% of all deaths.

The reason CKD is such a huge problem is that there is a very high incidence of obesity and hypertension in our country. These are major risk factors for CKD.

10. Suicide causes 2.35% of all deaths.

Of eight lakh suicides across the world annually, 1,35,000 are from India.

Tips to stay healthy 

As we celebrate our 71st Republic day on this 26th January 2020, let us commit to making some healthy lifestyle changes in our life. A healthy population means a healthy country and it goes a long way in contributing to the economic growth of the country. Here are a few tips to maintain optimum health and minimize your risk of diseases:

  1. Quit smoking.
  2. Eat healthy.
  3. Exercise regularly.
  4. Manage your blood sugar levels.
  5. Limit alcohol intake.
  6. Say no to junk food.
  7. Stay hydrated.
  8. Monitor your blood pressure level.
  9. Check your cholesterol levels.
  10. Maintain personal hygiene.

Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital completes 11 years of offering expert medical care in Mumbai on 26th January 2020. We have been ranked no. 1 fourth time in a row as the best multispecialty hospital in Mumbai and western India. We are the only hospital in Mumbai with a Full Time Specialist System (FTSS) ensuring easy availability and access to dedicated specialists. Our hospital is equipped with state of the art infrastructure and world-class technology that helps deliver consistent and safe patient care. Feel free to get in touch with our medical experts for any health-related issues, diagnosis and treatment options. Please find below link of our website for more details: www.kokilabenhospital.com

Health Bite

Wednesday, February 12th, 2014

Serves: 4 Dosas

Cooking Time: 30 min

Ingredients:
  • Nachni (Ragi) Flour – 80 gm
  • Rice Flour – 40 gm
  • Sour Curd – 4 tsp
  • Onion (Finely Chopped) – 3 tbsp
  • Ginger -1 tsp
  • Green Chillies (Finely Chopped) – 2
  • Coriander Leaves (Finely Chopped)
  • Oil – 4 tsp
  • Salt to taste
Method:
  1. Mix the nachni flour, rice flour, curd, salt, coriander leaves, green chillies and onions. Add sufficient water to form a thin consistency batter. Set aside this preparation for 2 hours.
  2. Heat a non-stick pan and grease it lightly with oil. When hot, pour the batter, spread it in a circular motion to make a thin dosa. Cook on one side.
  3. Pour a little oil along the edges while cooking. When crispy, fold over and cook the other side till done.
  4. Serve hot with sambhar or chutney.
Nutritive Value Per Serving:

Energy: 150 kcal

Protein: 2.5 g

Carbohydrate: 21.5 g

Fat: 5.5 g

Calcium: 278 mg

“Nachni is a rich source of calcium that helps in building strong bones. Nachni Dosa is good for people suffering from bone disease like osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. It will also benefit pregnant & lactating women by supplementing their calcium requirement.” – Pooja Gupta, Dietitian, Kokilaben Hospital

Get Your B 12 Levels Right!

Thursday, January 30th, 2014

Over the past few years, our lifestyle has changed tremendously. Skipping meals, increased intake of caffeine containing beverages, sedentary lifestyle, decreased exposure to sunlight – all these factors are not just responsible for the increasing incidence of obesity and diabetes in the population but also for many deficiency diseases. Vitamin B12 is one of the common deficiency that could lead to a myriad of health problems.

Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Vitamin B12 deficiency is a condition in which the body has inadequate stores of Vitamin B12. This deficiency is much more common than was previously believed.

Vitamin B12, also called as cobalamin, is involved in a number of key body processes. However, it plays a key role in the red blood cell production, functions of nervous system, sperm production, normal growth and adequate functioning of the immune system. It also improves memory and concentration, prevents cancer and protects the body against allergies and toxins.

Signs & Symptoms
  • Fatigue, weakness and pallor
  • Dizziness and fainting
  • Irritability
  • Depression
  • Menstrual problems
  • Shortness of breath
  • Tingling and numbness of the feet
  • Palpitations
  • Poor appetite
Factors Leading to Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Vitamin B12 deficiency could result from inadequate dietary intake of vitamin B12 as it occurs naturally only in animal products. Children are at primary risk for developing this deficiency since they have less vitamin stores in their body. Besides, pernicious anaemia and intrinsic factor deficiency can also lead to vitamin B12 deficiency in adults. Also, vitamin B12 deficiency is far more common in elderly people and vegetarians.

Research Highlights

Recent studies indicate that B12 deficiency is far more widespread than believed. It is proposed that 600pg/ml is the criterion for low level rather than 350 pg/ml which was earlier.

Getting Your B 12 Levels Right

The diagnosis for this deficiency can be confirmed by serum B12 levels. The lowest and treatment, Vitamin B12 deficiency is treatable and has good prognosis with a minimal risk of developing serious complications, such as nerve damage, anaemia or dementia.

Treatment of vitamin B12 deficiency involves replacing the body’s depleted stores of vitamin B12. Oral vitamin B12 replacement therapy is prescribed in some cases. However, to ensure maximum absorption, it can also be administered intramuscularly via injections. Including portions of red meat, poultry, fish and dairy products in your diet will also help.

Get Clean Hands!

Tuesday, January 14th, 2014

Unwashed hands are a prime cause of food-borne diseases and several respiratory illnesses. Therefore, wash your hands with hot, soapy water before handling food, after using the bathroom, changing diapers and handling pets.

Next time while washing hands, do not forget to wash between your fingers, under your nails and the top of your hands.

Vitamin D Deficiency – A Silent Epidemic

Tuesday, January 7th, 2014

Do you get exhausted easily? Do you get palpitations very often? Do your muscles feel sore and weak? Well, then there is a great likelihood that you could be a victim of Vitamin D deficiency.

Vitamin D (calciferol) belongs to a group of fat soluble secosteroids. In humans, vitamin D is unique because of its functions as a prohormone as well as its synthesis to vitamin D3 in the body when exposed to adequate sunlight.

Vitamin D regulates the concentration of calcium and phosphate in the body and promotes healthy growth and remodelling of the bone. Vitamin D prevents rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. Along with calcium, it protects elder adults from osteoporosis.

Vitamin D also affects neuromuscular functions, causes inflammation and influences the action of many genes that regulate proliferation and apoptosis of the cells. Vitamin D is also essential for the healthy growth of hair follicle as well as for a healthy immune system. Vitamin D deficiency is the main cause of rickets in young infants because breast milk is low in vitamin D and so is the cereal based diet.

Vitamin D & Bones

Vitamin D deficiency is known to cause several bone diseases like:

  • Rickets, a childhood disease characterised by impeded growth and deformity of the long bones. The earliest sign of subclinical vitamin D deficiency is abnormal softening or thinning of the skull
  • Osteomalacia, a bone-thinning disorder that occurs exclusively in adults, and is characterised by proximal muscle weakness and bone fragility
  • Osteoporosis, a condition characterised by reduced bone mineral density and increased bone fragility
People At Risk
  • Naturally dark skinned people
  • Elderly & people who are housebound
  • People who cover their skin for religious or cultural reasons
  • Babies & infants of vitamin D deficient mothers, especially breast fed babies
Signs & Symptoms
  • Poor growth in children
  • Delayed tooth formation
  • Dental deformities
  • Tingling
  • Weakness
  • Muscle cramps
  • Bone pain
  • Spine and other bone deformities
  • Stooped posture and loss of height
Managing Vitamin D Deficiency

25 hydroxyvitamin D level of 20 ng/ml (nanogram/mililitre) in serum is desirable for bone and overall health. Vitamin D intake lower than 100 International Unit (IU)/day is associated with increased risk of hip fracture.

Oral vitamin D replacement or intramuscular injections are prescribed to treat Vitamin D deficiency.

Vitamin D Facts

  • Without sufficient vitamin D, which is crucial for calcium absorption in your intestines, your body cannot absorb calcium, thus rendering calcium supplements useless
  • Sunscreens, even the ones like SPF-8 block your body’s ability to generate vitamin D by 95%. Therefore, sunscreen products can create critical vitamin deficiency in the body
  • Natural sunlight rays responsible for generating vitamin D in your skin cannot penetrate glass. Therefore, your body can not generate vitamin D from the sunlight you receive while sitting in your car or home
Research Highlights

Research shows that dark skinned people living in the temperate climate have low Vitamin D levels as melanin in the skin hinders vitamin D synthesis.