Archive for July, 2022

The A B C of Hepatitis

Wednesday, July 27th, 2022

Worldwide, around 300 million people are living with viral hepatitis without even knowing that they are infected with the Hepatitis virus. With a person dying every 30 seconds from a hepatitis related illness – the time to spread awareness and take action is now. The theme for World Hepatitis Day this year is ‘Hepatitis can’t wait’. It will highlight the need to step up the fight against viral hepatitis and the significance of screening and care for those who truly require it. The most common types of viral hepatitis are hepatitis A, hepatitis B and hepatitis C.

What is Hepatitis?

Your liver – the largest organ in your body – aids in the digestion, energy storage, and toxin removal of your food. However, hepatitis, a viral illness, can impair these vital processes and endanger your health. Some hepatitis infections are acute or only last a short time. Others may be chronic or long-lasting and result in liver failure, cancer, or even death. Therefore, it is important to understand how hepatitis is spread, detected, and treated as well as how to prevent infections. Here is everything you need to know about hepatitis:

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is mainly transmitted through ingestion of contaminated food or water or through contact with an infectious person. Maintain high levels of personal hygiene to stay protected. Hepatitis A is usually spread through:

  • Household contact with an infected person
  • Sexual contact with an infected person
  • Consumption of contaminated food or water
  • Touching contaminated surfaces

Healthy people with a good immunity recover from hepatitis A without specific treatment after a few weeks.

Hepatitis B

Unlike hepatitis A, hepatitis B can be a chronic infection for some people. It may also lead to liver cirrhosis and liver cancer if left untreated. Hepatitis B is usually spread through:

  • Mother to child during childbirth
  • Sex with an infected partner
  • Sharing needles or syringes
  • Sharing personal items with a patient

When an individual’s immune system is capable of fighting the virus, acute hepatitis B typically doesn’t require treatment. While there is no cure for chronic hepatitis B drugs taken orally or intravenously can decrease the disease’s progression or stop further liver problems.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C spreads mostly through the use of shared needles and syringes through the blood of an infected individual. Nearly 75 to 85 percent of those who have hepatitis C go on to develop a chronic infection, which can lead to serious health issues or even death. Hepatitis C is usually spread through:

  • Sharing intravenous drugs
  • Sharing tattoo or piecing tools
  • Unsafe blood transfusions
  • Unprotected sex
  • Pregnancy and birth

If hepatitis C has caused liver damage, you must seek specialist care for further treatment like surgery, transplant, etc.

Hepatitis D

This condition is rarely seen and affects only those infected with hepatitis B. Hepatitis D is spread through contact with infected blood or other fluids, the same ways as hepatitis B. Hepatitis D can be acute or chronic and if left untreated may lead to cirrhosis, liver failure and liver cancer.

Hepatitis E

This is spread through water supplies contaminated by an infected person’s stool. Most instances of hepatitis E are acute, and patients tend to get better without treatment after a few weeks. However in rare cases, hepatitis E can become chronic for people with a low immunity.

Preventive measures against Hepatitis

As with many diseases, stopping the spread of hepatitis begins with good hygiene habits. Other preventive measures include: 

  • Vaccinate against Hepatitis B
  • Avoid sharing of needles or syringes
  • Drink boiled water
  • Eat healthy foods
  • Practice safe sex
  • Don’t share personal items

Treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Have you been experiencing common hepatitis symptoms that include fever, jaundice, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal pain, dark urine or light-colored stools? Get your liver checked by our hepatologists. Experts at our Department of Hepato Pancreato Biliary are trained to diagnose, manage and treat all forms of hepatitis with the best possible outcomes. For further information, please visit the below website link:

Common Joint & Muscle injuries

Saturday, July 23rd, 2022

The musculoskeletal system, which includes muscles, bones, and joints, allows you to move and function normally. Overuse or overstretching of the same can cause painful inflammation and joint and muscle injuries. Skeletal muscles attach to the bones via tendons to help your body move and be stronger. Injuries can occur while participating in sports, accidental falls or road accidents. Learning about the most common sports injuries can help you avoid them or treat them properly if they occur.

Joint pain is no longer a disease that only affects the elderly. Young adults in their twenties and thirties are increasingly vulnerable to joint-related ailments and are known to experience acute pain in their joints. One of the primary causes of the same is an inactive or sedentary lifestyle. According to a study by the WHO, 19.3 percent of young adults in India are obese. Being obese causes additional pressure on your knees and other joints making you more prone to injuries.

Joint Injuries

Typical joint injuries occur in the knees, ankles, wrists, shoulders and elbows. These joints can swell and suffer from inflammation and redness, making them immobile and limit their range of motion. Joint injuries often occur as a result of bicycle falls, falling in contact sports, and car accidents. The common symptoms include:

  • Joint pain and inflammation
  • Redness
  • Stiffness
  • Weakness
  • Swelling 
  • Reduced range of motion

Muscle injuries

When muscles and tendons in your body become weak, they lose their ability to stabilise joints. Weak muscles also have lower endurance during activity and are more prone to injury. Overuse of a single body part (for example, the shoulder in golf or tennis) can result in chronic muscle pain. Excessive use, pulling, or stretching of muscles or tendons can result in strains. Strains can occur suddenly or as a result of long-term use or overuse. The common symptoms include:

  • Swelling
  • Pain with range of motion
  • Weakness
  • Stiffness
  • No muscle endurance
  • Instable joints

Common injuries

Participating in sports, poor posture, falls or road accidents may lead to injuries. Sports injuries occur when people move incorrectly; trip and fall or make unexpected contact with the ground or with each other. Here are some of the most common injuries:

  • Knee injuries
    The knee is a very complicated joint that takes a lot of impact during most sports. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is frequently torn, as are cartilage tears, dislocations, and fractures. Knee injuries can be excruciatingly painful and incapacitating, necessitating surgery in some cases. Warm-ups, stretches, and good posture can all help to reduce the risk of knee injuries.
  • Fractures
    Impact and contact sports frequently result in bone fractures which can be painful, require weeks of immobilization to heal, and may sometimes require surgery to correct. Fractures are an inherent risk in most strenuous activities, but they can be reduced by using appropriate padding, warming up, working out to keep muscles strong and flexible and practicing good technique.
  • Muscle strain
    A muscle strain is also known as a “pulled” muscle. This injury can occur when the muscle is overstretched, overused, or misused. Muscle strains cause microscopic tears in the fibres of the muscle. Strain injuries are most commonly seen in the hamstring, shoulder, neck, and lower back. Muscle strains can cause soreness, stiffness, weakness, swelling, and spasms.
  • Muscle tear
    A muscle strain is a microscopic injury to muscle fibres, whereas a muscle tear is a larger injury that tears a muscle and the blood vessels that supply it. Muscle tears, like muscle strains, are most common in the lower back, neck, shoulder, and hamstring. Muscle tears frequently result in an abrupt onset of severe pain, as well as bruising, swelling, and weakness. This injury requires urgent medical care.
  • Muscle contusion
    A muscle contusion is also known as a muscle “bruise.” When a blunt object strikes the body, it crushes the underlying muscle tissue but does not break the skin. Pain, swelling, and decreased range of motion are common symptoms of contusions.
  • Shin Splints
    Shin splints are a common running injury, particularly when running on concrete or other hard surfaces. This type of injury causes pain in the lower part of your leg, usually in the outer area where the shape of your bone can be seen.
  • Dislocated Joints
    When one or more bones in a joint are pushed out of their normal socket, this is referred to as a dislocation. Dislocations are common in football and other contact sports. The most commonly affected areas with this type of injury are the hands and fingers, but dislocations can also occur in your shoulders, knees, hips, and elbows. Dislocations necessitate immediate medical attention to realign the joint.
  • Back injuries/back pain
    Almost every sports activity puts some strain on your back and spinal column and so does poor postural habits. This stress can build up over time, causing inflammation around the vertebrae and back muscles, occasionally causing disc injuries and frequently causing upper or lower back pain. A sudden jarring impact can also result in an acute back injury. Back treatments range from rest to physical therapy to surgery, depending on the condition.

Orthopaedic care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Have you suffered a muscle or a joint injury that does not subside with rest? Consult highly trained orthopaedic doctors at our Centre for Bone & Joint for further evaluation and diagnosis. We are equipped with state-of-the-art technology to help prevent, manage, treat and rehabilitate persons with an injury. The team has conducted over 7600 arthroscopic surgeries in the past with successful outcomes. Please find the below the link for further information:

Ways to manage blood sugar levels

Monday, July 18th, 2022

India is known as the diabetes capital of the world. Type 2 diabetes, the most common form of this condition affects around 2.4 percent of the rural population and 11.6 percent of the urban population in India. Many factors influence your blood sugar levels; some are under your control, while others are not. At times, your daily health habits can also influence your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels on a regular or ongoing basis can harm your nerves, blood vessels, and organs and may lead to serious complications over time. You must seek medical care to help manage your blood sugar levels.

For diabetic patients, the overall blood sugar levels indicate how well you’ve managed your condition. When your level remains normal and consistent, you reduce your risk of problems such as vision loss and kidney disease. You’ll not only be able to control your blood sugar, but you’ll also be less likely to have a heart attack or stroke. Medications, dietary changes, physical activity and healthy lifestyle habits can balance your blood sugar levels and keep you healthy.

How your diet can control blood sugar

Follow these simple food habits to help manage your blood sugar levels and avoid fluctuations:

  • Plan your meals
    Choose to eat smaller meals at regular intervals to help control your blood sugar levels throughout the day. Some people manage their blood sugar better by eating at the same time each day. Speak to a nutritionist to make a diet plan that is right for you.
  • Practice portion control
    Portion control helps regulate calorie intake and can aid in weight management. As a result, weight control promotes healthy blood sugar levels and lowers the risk of type 2 diabetes.
  • Balance your food
    When you eat carbohydrates, your blood sugar rises. The glycemic index (GI) of a food measures how quickly this can occur. The greater the number, the faster your glucose levels will rise. Limit your consumption of high GI foods that include processed and refined foods. If you must consume something high on the index, pair it with low-GI foods that include fresh fruits and vegetables, legumes and whole grains.
  • Hydration
    Drinking plenty of water may help keep blood sugar levels within normal ranges. It not only keeps you hydrated, but it also helps your kidneys flush out excess sugar through urine.
  • Snack smarter
    Sodas and packaged foods are usually high in calories, salt, and added sugar, but low in vitamins and minerals. If you get hungry between meals, choose to eat healthy snacks.
  • Increase your fibre intake
    It isn’t broken down by your body, so it doesn’t affect your blood sugar levels. Make an effort to add up more vegetables, fruits and leafy greens to your diet.

Ways to lower your Blood sugar

High blood sugar levels can be dangerous if not treated promptly, causing both short-term and long-term problems. It is critical to keep your blood sugar levels as close to normal to prevent or delay long-term, serious health problems such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease. Follow these lifestyle tips to avoid high blood sugar levels:

  • Exercise regularly
    Regular exercise can help you maintain a healthy weight and improve your insulin sensitivity. Increased insulin sensitivity causes cells to use the sugar in the bloodstream.
  • Manage your stress
    Blood sugar levels can be affected by stress. Stress causes the release of hormones such as glucagon and cortisol. Exercise, relaxation, and meditation reduce stress and blood sugar levels significantly.
  • Monitor your glucose levels
    If you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes or pre-diabetes, monitoring your sugar levels will help you track your blood sugar levels regularly and take action if required.
  • Quit smoking
    Nicotine raises blood sugar levels by altering how your body reacts to insulin. Furthermore, smoking causes inflammation, which can raise blood sugar levels.
  • Lose weight
    Being overweight is associated with an increased risk of diabetes and insulin resistance. Weight loss lowers your blood sugar levels and avoids complications.
  • Get enough sleep
    Getting enough sleep each night is an excellent way to help keep blood sugar levels in check.

Diabetes care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Does diabetes and obesity run in your family? Are you at a high risk of diabetic complications due to increased blood sugar levels? Consult our doctors for comprehensive diabetes care that includes screening, management and prevention of complications in diabetes. Meet doctors at our Diabetic Clinic for holistic diabetes care.

Debunking Common Nutrition Myths

Thursday, July 7th, 2022

Do you eat healthy every day? Or is your diet influenced by social media? Do you often get carried away by fad diets and trends? Nutrition can be a debatable subject for many people, often fuelled by opinions from unqualified and self-proclaimed health experts. Nutrition is simple if understood well and from the right sources. Whatever diet regime you follow, the conclusion is that you should eat a whole, minimally processed diet high in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, beans, legumes, nuts, seeds, and water. You can’t go wrong if you can do that. We dispel some of the most common myths to help you start eating better right away.

Common nutrition myths

Here are some of the most common myths and facts to understand before making healthy dietary choices:

Myth: Fats are bad for you.
Fact: Stop being afraid of foods containing fats. Fats are essential for your body’s energy levels, maintaining cell membranes, promoting growth and development, vitamin absorption, heart and brain health, and many other functions. Choose unsaturated fats that are good for your heart, like olive and canola oil, nuts, and avocados, over saturated and trans fats, like fatty meats and high-fat dairy products.

Myth: A detox diet helps clean toxins.
Fact: There is little evidence that your body requires regular dietary cleanses. Your liver, kidneys and gastrointestinal tract do a great job detoxifying your body. Simply focus on eating well and staying hydrated.

Myth: You must avoid Carbohydrates.
Fact: Carbohydrates are your body’s primary source of energy and are classified as simple or complex. Simple carbs are found in foods that are not generally nutritious such as chips, packaged juices, soda, candy, and other sweets. Complex carbohydrates are more nutrient-dense and can be found in more nutritious foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans and nuts. Make the best carbohydrate choice.

Myth: Gluten-free foods are better.
Fact: Gluten-free foods are not healthier for you if you do not have celiac disease or a gluten sensitivity. A gluten-free diet is not intended to help people lose weight; rather, it is intended to help people with these conditions.

Myth: Salt is unhealthy.
Fact: Excess sodium consumption can cause high blood pressure and kidney damage, but salt (sodium) is a mineral that is required for many bodily functions. Sodium is an important electrolyte that aids in water balance and is required for the proper functioning of our muscles and nerves, including our heart and brain. Limit your salt intake but don’t skip it entirely.

Myth: Dietary supplements are a must.
Fact: Rather than taking supplements to get the vitamins, minerals, and nutrients you must eat a variety of healthy, nutrient-dense foods such as vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and lean proteins. Dietary supplements should only be taken on the advice of a doctor if a deficiency is discovered that cannot be corrected through diet alone.

Myth: Weight-loss products labeled as “natural” are safe.
Fact: These products are not guaranteed to be safe or effective. Before attempting a natural or herbal remedy, consult your doctor because these claims are not always supported by science and research. Remember, there is no “quick fix” for losing weight.

Myth: Snacking is unhealthy.
Fact: Snacking alleviates hunger and can work in your favour or against you depending on what you eat and when you eat it. It is recommended to choose apples, nuts, bananas, carrots, hummus, and curd dip as nutritious snacks. Avoid having processed and packaged foods as your snacks.

Myth: A glass of red wine is heart healthy.
Fact: Most people would not benefit from having a glass of wine every night. There is no reason to start drinking in order to protect your heart. Instead follow healthy heart lifestyles to reduce your risk of cardiac diseases.

Myth: Nuts will cause weight gain
Fact: This is not true. Nuts are not only high in fat and calories, but they are also high in protein, fibre, vitamins, and minerals. Limit yourself to a handful of assorted nuts per day.

Hope we have clarified most of your nutrition related myths. Are you still wondering what to eat and what not to eat? If you are looking at a personalized diet plan, consult nutritionists at our Department of Nutrition Therapy for a healthier and sustainable plan. Please visit the below website link for further details: