Archive for November, 2023

Understanding Type 1 Diabetes

Thursday, November 23rd, 2023

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic autoimmune condition characterized by the pancreas’s inability to produce sufficient insulin, a hormone vital for regulating blood sugar levels. One needs insulin to help glucose enter cells for energy. In the absence of insulin, glucose accumulates in the bloodstream, leading to elevated blood sugar levels and the potential for various complications. While it’s less common than type 2 diabetes, it requires lifelong management and care. Understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for type 1 diabetes is crucial for individuals, families, and communities.

In India, nearly 95,600 cases of Type 1 diabetes have been identified in children under 14 years old, with approximately 15,900 new cases reported annually within this age category. The overall estimated number of people grappling with Type 1 diabetes in India stands at 2.5 lakh. This condition was once called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes, but it can develop at any age.

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

Recognizing the symptoms of type 1 diabetes is essential for prompt diagnosis and treatment. These symptoms often manifest suddenly and include:

  • Unusual thirst
  • Frequent passing urine
  • Extreme hunger but loss of weight
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Extreme weakness and fatigue
  • Irritability and mood changes

What causes Type 1 Diabetes?

The exact cause behind type 1 diabetes remains unidentified. Individuals with type 1 diabetes experience an immune system response triggered by infection or another factor, leading to the mistaken assault on the pancreas’s beta cells responsible for insulin production. The inclination to develop autoimmune diseases, such as type 1 diabetes, can be hereditary, passed down from parents.

Treatment Options: Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a complex condition that requires continuous management. Recognizing the symptoms, understanding the causes, and having access to appropriate treatment options and support networks are critical for individuals living with this condition. This includes:

  • Insulin Therapy
    As the pancreas fails to produce insulin, regular insulin injections or continuous insulin infusion through a pump are necessary to regulate blood sugar levels. Various types of insulin, such as rapid-acting, short-acting, intermediate-acting, and long-acting, are used based on individual needs.
  • Blood Sugar Monitoring
    Regular blood sugar monitoring using a glucose meter helps individuals track their glucose levels and adjust insulin doses accordingly.
  • Healthy Diet
    A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains helps regulate blood sugar levels. Carbohydrate counting can aid in managing insulin doses.
  • Physical Activity
    Regular exercise helps improve insulin sensitivity and regulate blood sugar levels. However, it’s essential to monitor blood sugar before, during, and after exercise to prevent hypoglycemia.
  • Monitoring
    Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) systems provide real-time glucose readings, helping individuals make informed decisions about insulin doses and lifestyle choices.
  • Support Groups
    Diabetes education and support from healthcare professionals, diabetes educators, and support groups are vital for effectively managing the condition and coping with its daily challenges.

Diabetes care at Kokilaben Dhriubhai Ambani Hospital

Do you or someone you know suffer from type 1 diabetes? The treatment of Type 1 diabetes involves a multifaceted approach aimed at managing blood sugar levels and promoting overall well-being. Central to this regimen is insulin therapy, often administered through injections or insulin pumps, to compensate for the body’s inability to produce this crucial hormone. Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels is essential, allowing for timely adjustments in insulin doses. Consult highly experienced and trained diabetologists at our Centre for Diabetes & Bariatric Surgery for personalized care:

Essential Safety tips for New Parents

Friday, November 17th, 2023

Bringing a newborn into the world is a joyous occasion, but it also comes with the tremendous responsibility of ensuring the safety and well-being of your precious bundle of joy. As we observe Newborn Safety Week in November, it’s crucial for new parents to be equipped with essential safety tips to create a secure environment for their little one.

Common Neonatal Health problems

Your newborn baby’s health is very vulnerable because a baby’s immunity has not developed yet in the first month of their life. Here are some common health complications that may affect your newborn:

  • Neonatal infections
  • Respiratory distress
  • Lung damage
  • Rapid breathing
  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

Although every newborn is different and has different needs, there are a few common symptoms in newborns, which if diagnosed early, could be life-saving. Symptoms of excessive crying, irritability, lips or fingers turning blue, high fever, unusual skin rashes or redness need immediate medical attention.

Safety tips for New Parents

Here are some paediatrician recommended safety tips to protect your newborn from health complications:

  • Hygiene and Handwashing
    Newborns have developing immune systems, making hygiene a top priority. Wash your hands thoroughly before handling your baby, and encourage visitors to do the same. Keep hand sanitizer in key areas of your home to maintain a germ-free environment and reduce the risk of infections.
  • Feeding Safety
    Whether breastfeeding or bottle-feeding, prioritize your baby’s safety during feeding times. Check the temperature of formula or breast milk to avoid burns, and always support your baby’s head and neck during feeding. If using a bottle, choose one with a nipple appropriate for your baby’s age to prevent choking hazards.
  • Safe Sleep Practices
    One of the foremost concerns for new parents is ensuring a safe sleep environment for their newborn. Always place your baby on their back to sleep, use a firm mattress with a fitted sheet, and avoid soft bedding or toys in the crib. These simple steps significantly reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and create a secure sleep haven for your baby.
  • Use of Car Seats
    Familiarize yourself with the proper installation and use of a car seat. Ensure it is securely fastened in the back seat, facing the rear until your child reaches the appropriate weight and age for a forward-facing seat.
  • Temperature Control
    Newborns are sensitive to changes in temperature, so it’s crucial to maintain a comfortable environment. Dress your baby in layers to regulate their body temperature, and avoid overheating by keeping the room at a moderate temperature. Use lightweight blankets for sleep, and never cover your baby’s head.
  • Regular Check-ups and Vaccinations
    Stay on top of your baby’s health by scheduling regular check-ups and vaccinations. These appointments not only track your baby’s growth and development but also provide crucial immunizations to protect against preventable diseases. Consult your pediatrician to create a comprehensive vaccination schedule.
  • Emergency Preparedness
    Accidents can happen, so it’s essential to be prepared for emergencies. Learn basic first aid, keep emergency contact information readily available, and create an emergency kit with essentials like bandages, thermometers, and any necessary medications.

By following these essential safety tips, you can create a secure and nurturing environment for your little one to thrive.

Newborn care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

In our unwavering commitment to children’s health, our Centre for Children offers comprehensive and compassionate care for little ones. The centre boasts a spectrum of services addressing various health challenges affecting newborns, offering specialized support for developmental issues, infectious diseases, cancer, orthopedic concerns, and genetic disorders. With dedicated Pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICU) and Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU), we ensure specialized attention to critically ill children and newborns. The inclusion of High Frequency Jet Ventilation (HFJV) facilitates tailored care for children with complex lung problems, and the Neonatal Transport Incubator allows for specialized care at crucial times. Please find below the website details for further assistance:

Tips for Celebrating a Healthy & Safe Diwali

Thursday, November 9th, 2023

Diwali the festival of lights and celebrations is almost here! Diwali is the time of gatherings and feasting with family and friends. However it is important to keep your health in mind and celebrate wisely. This is especially important for people suffering from diabetes, heart disease, hypertension or other existing health conditions. Additionally, amidst the joy and festivities, it’s crucial to address the pressing concerns of rising pollution levels and delve into mindful celebrations for optimal health during diwali and after the festival.

The gleaming lights and crackling fireworks bring not only merriment but also an upsurge in air pollutants. Recognizing the potential hazards of this, it’s imperative to make the right choices to ensure a healthier and safe Diwali for everyone. Year after year, Diwali unfurls a distressing tale of escalating pollution levels. The air quality index (AQI) takes a nosedive due to the bursting of firecrackers, releasing an array of harmful gases and particulate matter. This surge in pollutants poses severe health risks, especially to those already vulnerable, such as individuals with respiratory issues, children, pregnant women and the elderly.

Impact of Air Pollution

Crackers contain substances like sulfur, nitrates, and metal salts, which upon combustion; result in the emission of gases such as NOX, CO, SO2, and harmful particles like PM2.5, PM10, and ultrafine particles. These pollutants can cause irritation in the eyes, nose, and throat, exacerbate conditions like asthma, COPD, and pneumonia, and significantly impact lung development, particularly in children. Long-term exposure may lead to respiratory illnesses, cardiovascular abnormalities, reduced immunity, and even life-threatening conditions like cancer.

Tips for a Healthy Diwali

Protecting the health of your family and you is in your hands. Here are some expert recommended tips to celebrate a healthy and safe Diwali:

  • Engage in regular exercise for at least 30 minutes daily to maintain overall health and balance weight gain.
  • Stay well-hydrated with ample of water and refreshing beverages to flush out toxins.
  • Enjoy traditional delicacies in moderation, focusing on a balanced diet rich in dietary fiber and proteins.
  • Start your meal with a protein option as it helps in better satiety.
  • Foods rich in dietary fiber should occupy the majority of your plate.
  • Avoid overeating calorie-rich foods as it may lead to acidity.
  • Avoid having any fizzy drinks or other sugar laden drinks. This will not only add unnecessary sugar, it will also interfere in digestion of heavy meals.
  • Choose baked or steamed foods instead of fried foods.
  • Avoid processed sweets and desserts.
  • Incorporate immune-boosting foods rich in vitamin C, magnesium, and omega-3 fatty acids in your diet.
  • Eat something healthy at home before heading out for a party. This will ensure limited food intake.
  • Avoid alcohol intake as it dehydrates you and is harmful for your overall health.
  • Always limit your intake when eating a mithaai such as laddoo, barfi, or another sweet made with refined sugar.
  • Choose homemade sweets prepared using dry fruits, dates, jaggery,etc.
  • Ensure that you get a good night’s sleep
  • Children must be under strict supervision while around fire.
  • Avoid bursting crackers and encourage others to follow the same.
  • Always carry a face mask when venturing outside to shield yourself from pollutants.
  • Opt for gentle skincare routines, remove your make-up before bedtime and keep your skin clean.

Embracing a health-conscious approach to Diwali not only ensures a safer and more enjoyable celebration but also contributes to the well-being of all. Let’s light up our lives while safeguarding our health this Diwali. Wishing everyone a safe, joyful, and healthy Festival of Lights! The team at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai is always available for any kind of medical requirements on all festive days. Reach out to our team at the below link:

Impact of Bad AQI on Health

Friday, November 3rd, 2023

Mumbai is choking with poor Air Quality Index (AQI) levels…

Air pollution has become an increasingly dangerous problem in many parts of the world including leading cities of India. Scientists have long been warning about the potential health effects that air pollutants such as ozone, particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide can have on humans – especially on young children who are still developing. Studies have shown that exposure to high levels of air pollutants can lead to developmental delays, respiratory issues, heart disease and even certain types of cancer.

Impact of Bad AQI

Doctors suggest that when AQI readings are between 200 and 300, it impacts vulnerable groups like senior citizens and children as well as people with co-morbidities. However, when the AQI readings cross 300 or 400, it affects a wider audience leading to various respiratory infections.

Particulate matter (PM) one of the most dangerous air pollutants is made up of tiny particles that get trapped in your lungs. When inhaled, PM particles can cause respiratory and cardiovascular problems, and its effects on children are even more alarming. Medical statistics suggest that inhaling PM 2.5 (particles with a diameter of 2.5 microns) levels exceeding 120 is dangerous and may cause severe health consequences including detrimental effects on the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Also, children exposed to air pollution have higher rates of childhood asthma, respiratory infections, and chronic bronchitis.

First and foremost, it is important to monitor levels of air pollutants in your area so you can be aware of any potential risks. Lastly, it’s important to remember that while air pollution can be dangerous for everyone, it has an even greater impact on children due to their weaker immune systems. Therefore, it is essential for parents to be extra vigilant when it comes to protecting their children from the risks posed by air pollution.

Precautions for safeguarding against poor Air Quality Index (AQI):

  • Stay informed
    Stay informed about local AQI conditions, specifically identifying days and times to avoid outdoor activities in your neighborhood. Protect individuals with breathing problems and young children from exposure.
  • Use Masks
    Regularly change masks during heavy pollution to prevent clogging. Consistent use of inhalers is crucial, especially for asthmatic individuals, particularly children, during outdoor activities.
  • Respiratory Infections
    Refrain from exposure to poor air quality during respiratory infections, as it may exacerbate symptoms. Consider the trade-off between exercise benefits and harm from polluted air, especially for vulnerable individuals.
  • Reduce Exposure
    Minimize outdoor activities, especially during early mornings and late evenings. Keep your windows closed to reduce exposure to polluted air.
  • Choose organic
    Finally, try to choose natural or organic products for cleaning and household maintenance – many conventional cleaners can contain harmful chemicals which can contribute to indoor air pollution.
  • Control indoor air
    Utilize air purifiers, ensure good indoor ventilation for better air quality.

It’s important to stay informed and take action when it comes to protecting your family from air pollution. We need to work together to ensure that we protect our children’s future by reducing air pollution and taking measures to improve air quality. By monitoring the levels of air pollutants in your area, taking precautionary measures, and educating yourself on the risks posed by air pollution, you can ensure that your family stays safe. Start now to create a better future for your family.

If you or someone you know is facing a breathing difficulty, chest discomfort or wheezing reach out to doctors at our Department of Pulmonary Medicine. Meet our pulmonologists to help manage your symptoms with prompt diagnosis. Call 022 42696969 for appointments or find more details on our website: