Archive for May, 2023

How to Improve Your Gut Health?

Thursday, May 25th, 2023

56% of Indian families report digestive health problems. The gut – apart of the digestive system plays a very important role in digestion and breaking down the food you eat. Maintaining a healthy gut is essential for your overall well-being, as it plays a crucial role in your digestion, immune system, and even mental health. While the gut is home to trillions of microorganisms, maintaining a balance of beneficial bacteria is the key. A healthy gut simply means that there are more good bacteria than harmful bacteria. An increasing number of people consume high amounts of junk or processed or packaged food every week leading to several digestive problems.  A recent survey suggests that approximately 7 out of every 10 people in urban India experience digestive or gut health issues.

Important functions of your Gut

One of the primary functions of the gut is to break down food and extract essential nutrients. A healthy gut with a diverse community of beneficial bacteria ensures efficient digestion and optimal nutrient absorption. This enables your bodies to obtain the necessary vitamins, minerals, and energy required for proper functioning and growth. The key functions of your gut include:

  • Enhancing your immunity
    Research suggests that approximately 70% of your immune system resides in the gut. The gut acts as a barrier against harmful pathogens and toxins, preventing their entry into the bloodstream. A balanced gut microbiome enhances the immune response, helps control inflammation, and protects one against infections.
  • Boosts mental health
    The gut microbiota produces neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and dopamine, which play a crucial role in regulating mood and emotions. A healthy gut is known to contribute to better mental health and cognitive function and reduces the risk of mental health conditions such as anxiety disorders, depression, and even neurodegenerative disorders.
  • Aids weight management
    Imbalances in gut bacteria have been associated with obesity, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome. A diverse and balanced gut microbiome supports efficient metabolism, regulates appetite, and helps prevent weight gain and chronic metabolic disorders.
  • Disease prevention
    Research suggests that an unhealthy gut may contribute to the development of various diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), allergies, and certain cancers. By prioritizing gut health, one can considerably reduce the risk of these conditions.

Healthy tips to improve your Gut Health

Your daily food habits, your fitness routine and the lifestyle you live have a direct impact on your digestive health. Taking steps to improve your digestive health can help your digestive system function more efficiently and improve your gut health. These include:

  • Eat a fiber-rich diet
  • Stay hydrated
  • Aim for a protein portion in every meal
  • Consider supplementation
  • Minimize antibiotic use
  • Avoid processed foods
  • Up your intake of probiotics & prebiotics
  • Exercise regularly
  • Quit bad habits
  • Reduce stress in your life

Digestive care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai

Optimizing gut health is a long-term commitment that requires a balanced approach to diet, lifestyle, and stress management. By understanding the significance of gut health and adopting practices that promote a balanced gut microbiome, you can improve your well-being reduce the risk of chronic diseases. Prioritizing gut health is a step towards a healthier and happier life. Consult highly trained and experienced nutritionists at our Department of Clinical Nutrition Therapy for personalized guidance to help improve your gut health. If you are suffering from any irregularities in your digestive health, reach out to experts at our Department to Gastroenterology for further guidance. Please find below the website links for further details:

Skin Cancer Awareness and Precautions

Monday, May 22nd, 2023

Statistics suggest that India witnesses more than 10 lakh new melanoma cases each year. Most skin cancer is treatable when it is detected early. Skin cancer is a growing concern worldwide, with increasing cases reported each year. Fortunately, there are several preventive measures and precautions that can significantly reduce the risk of developing skin cancer. By adopting these strategies, you can protect yourself and your loved ones from this potentially deadly disease.

Skin cancer is a disease that involves the growth of abnormal cells in your skin tissues. Normally, new skin cells form to replace old ones as they age and die. Cells multiply more quickly when this process isn’t functioning properly, such as when exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun. These cells could be benign, meaning they don’t spread or damage others. They might also be malignant. If skin cancer is not detected in its early stages, it may spread to surrounding tissue or other parts of your body. 

Types of skin cancer

There are three main types of skin cancer, these include:

  • Basal cell carcinoma
    This occurs in your basal cells in the lower part of your epidermis (the outside layer of your skin).
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
    This occurs in your squamous cells in the outside layer of your skin.
  • Melanoma
    This occurs in the in melanocytes cells in your body. Melanocytes make melanin, a brown pigment that gives your skin its color and protects against some of the sun’s damaging UV rays. This is the most serious type of skin cancer as it can spread to other areas of your body.

Symptoms of skin cancer

The most common warning sign of skin cancer is a change on your skin, any new growth or a change in an existing growth or mole. Skin cancer symptoms include:

  • A new mole. Or a mole that changes in size, shape or color, or that bleeds.
  • A waxy bump on your face, ears or neck.
  • A flat, pink or red coloured patch or bump.
  • Areas on your skin that appear like scars.
  • Sores those look crusty.
  • Unhealing wounds or sores.
  • A rough, scaly lesion that might itch.

Here are the signs of the ABCDE to watch for:

  • Asymmetry: Irregular shape.
  • Border: Blurry or irregularly shaped edges.
  • Color: Mole with more than one color.
  • Diameter: Larger than a pencil eraser.
  • Evolution: Enlarging, changing in shape, color or size. 

Risk factors of skin cancer

Depending on their skin type, the season, and the length of time they are exposed to UV radiation, people may burn or tan. Skin cancer can affect anyone, although some people are more susceptible than others. These include:

  • A lighter natural skin color.
  • Skin that can become uncomfortable in the sun, burn, freckle, or redden easily.
  • Blue or green eyes.
  • Blond or red hair.
  • A large number of moles.
  • A family history of skin cancer.
  • A personal history of skin cancer.
  • Older age.

If you detect any changes in your skin, such as a new growth, a sore that doesn’t heal, a change in an existing growth, or any of the A, B, C, D, or E symptoms of melanoma, speak with your doctor.

Health precautions for skin cancer

Skin cancer is a preventable disease, and by implementing these preventive measures, raising awareness, and taking necessary precautions, you can significantly reduce the risk. Remember, protecting your skin is a lifelong commitment, and these simple steps can have a profound impact on your well-being and longevity. Stay sun-safe and prioritize your skin health!

  • Wear sunscreen
  • Avoid sun at peak timings
  • Conduct self-examination
  • Avoid tanning Beds
  • Protect children
  • Use hats and caps
  • Wear protective clothing

Skin cancer treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

A diagnosis of cancer can feel overwhelming. The treatment of skin cancer depends on the type of cancer, the size of the cancer, the growth pattern of the cancer as well as the location. At our Centre for Cancer, we specialize in providing exceptional care and cutting-edge treatments for patients battling skin cancer, ensuring the best possible outcomes. With a team of experienced oncologists, state-of-the-art technology, and a patient-centered approach, we are dedicated to offering comprehensive and personalized treatment plans for individuals diagnosed with skin cancer. We work together as a team to design an individualized treatment plan for you using the most advanced therapies. Our hospital is committed to making a difference in the lives of skin cancer patients, providing compassionate support, innovative therapies, and a healing environment to promote their well-being and recovery. Please find the below website link for further information:

Thalassemia Awareness

Monday, May 8th, 2023

Each year, at least 10,000 children are born in India with Thalassemia Major. The prevalence of thalassemia carrier status is about 3 to 18 % in our population. Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder that affects your body’s ability to produce hemoglobin and healthy red blood cell. Individuals with thalassemia disease are unable to make enough hemoglobin, which leads to severe anaemia. Hemoglobin helps carry oxygen to all the parts of the body. Low hemoglobin levels make your organs starved for oxygen and they are unable to function properly.

Types of Thalassemia

There are two primary types of Thalassemia disease:

  • Alpha Thalassemia disease
  • Beta Thalassemia disease

Alpha and beta thalassemia are two types of thalassemia, which are inherited blood disorders that affect the production of hemoglobin. The difference between alpha and beta thalassemia lies in which part of the hemoglobin molecule is affected. Alpha thalassemia is caused by mutations in the genes that produce alpha globin, which is a component of the hemoglobin molecule. Beta thalassemia is caused by mutations in the genes that produce beta globin, which is another component of the hemoglobin molecule.

Individuals with alpha thalassemia may have mild to severe anemia, while those with beta thalassemia typically have more severe symptoms. The severity of thalassemia depends on how many abnormal genes a person has inherited. Both types of thalassemia require appropriate medical management, which may include regular blood transfusions, iron chelation therapy, and other treatments to manage symptoms and prevent complications.

Thalassemia Symptoms

If both parents have thalassemia minor or are carriers of the trait, the child is at risk of developing thalassemia major. Children with Thalassemia Major typically exhibit failure to thrive, show weight loss, irritability, poor feeding, and pale appearance by the time they are 6 months old. On examination, they would have a noticeable anaemia as well as an enlarged liver and spleen. Here are some common signs and symptoms of thalassemia:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Slow growth
  • Pale or yellowish skin
  • Facial bone deformities
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Dark urine

Causes of Thalassemia:

Genetic mutations are known to affect the production of hemoglobin that lead to thalassemia. Individuals with thalassemia inherit one or more abnormal hemoglobin genes from their parents, which affects the amount and quality of hemoglobin in their red blood cells.

How is Thalassaemia diagnosed?

Thalassemia can be diagnosed through a blood test that measures the amount and quality of hemoglobin in the blood. Additional tests, such as genetic testing and bone marrow biopsy, may be necessary to determine the type and severity of thalassemia.

How can Thalassaemia be prevented?

Thalassemia is an inherited disorder, so prevention strategies focus on genetic counseling and testing. Individuals with a family history of thalassemia should consider genetic testing before starting a family to determine their risk of passing the disorder on to their children. It is recommended to get checked thalassaemia carrier status before starting a family to help save a child from becoming a patient of thalassaemia Major – an unending cycle of blood transfusions. In each pregnancy between partners who are thalassemia carriers, there is a one in four (25%) chance that their child will have normal blood, a two in four (50%) chance that the child will have thalassemia minor or a one in four (25%) chance that the child will have thalassemia major.

Treatment of Thalassemia at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

The treatment for thalassemia depends on the type and severity of the disorder. Individuals with mild thalassemia may not require treatment, while those with severe thalassemia may require blood transfusions, iron chelation therapy, bone marrow transplant, or other treatments to manage their symptoms and prevent complications. Consult specialists at our Thalassemia Clinic for the best thalassemia care in Mumbai. Raising awareness about thalassemia is an important step in promoting early diagnosis and improving treatment outcomes. Please find below links for further details:

Asthma – Do’s and Don’ts

Wednesday, May 3rd, 2023

Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition that affects many people around the world. 3.4 crore Indians suffer from this respiratory condition contributing to around 11.1 per cent of the global asthma burden. It is a condition that causes the airways to become inflamed and narrow, making it difficult to breathe. Wheezing and shortness of breath are brought on by the irritated and constricted airways that result from the inflammation, which makes it difficult for air to enter and exit the body. Additionally, due to the inflammation, the airways produce mucus, which leads to coughing and obstructs airflow. Patients with asthma frequently experience abrupt bouts of shortness of breath and breathlessness. While there is no cure for asthma, there are steps that asthma patients can take to manage their condition and reduce the risk of asthma attacks.

Symptoms of Asthma

Asthma symptoms can be seen in childhood or can also be detected later in life. Most asthma patients rely on inhalers to get instant relief from asthma attacks. The typical symptoms of asthma include:

  • Wheezing
  • Troubled breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Panting
  • Cough with or without mucus

Common Asthma triggers

Asthma patients must evaluate and find out what makes their asthma worse and what triggers its symptoms. Here are some common asthma triggers:

  • Common infections such as cold, cough
  • Pollens and moulds
  • Stress
  • Allergies to animals like cats or dog
  • Allergy to dust mites
  • Certain medications
  • Fumes from paints and solvents
  • Feathers and foams

Asthma Precautions

During an asthma attack, it is essential that patients use medications on time. Patients should avoid physical exertion and make sure they are not alone when having an asthma episode. The patient’s condition will get worse if they panic when they are having an episode. Patients with asthma must always have their inhalers close at hand so they may use them in case of an attack and stop their asthma or other respiratory conditions from growing worse. Here are some dos and don’ts for asthma patients to help manage their condition better:

Do’s for asthma patients

Asthma patients must:

  • Identify and avoid triggers
  • Keep a written asthma action plan
  • Maintain a healthy sleep routine
  • Stay active
  • Eat  a health and balanced diet
  • Keep the house clean and dust free
  • Try and stay in pollution free environment
  • Regularly consult the doctor
  • Keep inhalers handy
  • Take medicines as prescribed

Don’ts for asthma patients

  • Do not disrupt your regular routine
  • Refrain from smoking and drinking
  • Do not overeat or have spicy food
  • Do not forget to take medications on time
  • Don’t delay seeking care for asthma attack
  • Don’t forget to clean your inhaler
  • Don’t use scented products

Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition that requires ongoing management. By following these dos and don’ts, asthma patients can help manage their condition and reduce the risk of asthma attacks. Remember to always consult your doctor before making any changes to your asthma treatment plan. With proper management, people with asthma are able to lead active and healthy lives.

Asthma treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Asthma symptoms and its severity usually differ from person to person. Consult highly trained and experienced pulmonologists at our Department of Pulmonary Medicine to meet the best asthma specialists in Mumbai. Our team offers a detailed asthma management action plan that helps manage your trigger better and minimize the asthma attacks. We also guide patients with emergency asthma care instructions and proper use of inhalers. Please find below our website details: