Statistics suggest that India witnesses more than 10 lakh new melanoma cases each year. Most skin cancer is treatable when it is detected early. Skin cancer is a growing concern worldwide, with increasing cases reported each year. Fortunately, there are several preventive measures and precautions that can significantly reduce the risk of developing skin cancer. By adopting these strategies, you can protect yourself and your loved ones from this potentially deadly disease.
Skin cancer is a disease that involves the growth of abnormal cells in your skin tissues. Normally, new skin cells form to replace old ones as they age and die. Cells multiply more quickly when this process isn’t functioning properly, such as when exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun. These cells could be benign, meaning they don’t spread or damage others. They might also be malignant. If skin cancer is not detected in its early stages, it may spread to surrounding tissue or other parts of your body.
Types of skin cancer
There are three main types of skin cancer, these include:
- Basal cell carcinoma
This occurs in your basal cells in the lower part of your epidermis (the outside layer of your skin).
- Squamous cell carcinoma
This occurs in your squamous cells in the outside layer of your skin.
This occurs in the in melanocytes cells in your body. Melanocytes make melanin, a brown pigment that gives your skin its color and protects against some of the sun’s damaging UV rays. This is the most serious type of skin cancer as it can spread to other areas of your body.
Symptoms of skin cancer
The most common warning sign of skin cancer is a change on your skin, any new growth or a change in an existing growth or mole. Skin cancer symptoms include:
- A new mole. Or a mole that changes in size, shape or color, or that bleeds.
- A waxy bump on your face, ears or neck.
- A flat, pink or red coloured patch or bump.
- Areas on your skin that appear like scars.
- Sores those look crusty.
- Unhealing wounds or sores.
- A rough, scaly lesion that might itch.
Here are the signs of the ABCDE to watch for:
- Asymmetry: Irregular shape.
- Border: Blurry or irregularly shaped edges.
- Color: Mole with more than one color.
- Diameter: Larger than a pencil eraser.
- Evolution: Enlarging, changing in shape, color or size.
Risk factors of skin cancer
Depending on their skin type, the season, and the length of time they are exposed to UV radiation, people may burn or tan. Skin cancer can affect anyone, although some people are more susceptible than others. These include:
- A lighter natural skin color.
- Skin that can become uncomfortable in the sun, burn, freckle, or redden easily.
- Blue or green eyes.
- Blond or red hair.
- A large number of moles.
- A family history of skin cancer.
- A personal history of skin cancer.
- Older age.
If you detect any changes in your skin, such as a new growth, a sore that doesn’t heal, a change in an existing growth, or any of the A, B, C, D, or E symptoms of melanoma, speak with your doctor.
Health precautions for skin cancer
Skin cancer is a preventable disease, and by implementing these preventive measures, raising awareness, and taking necessary precautions, you can significantly reduce the risk. Remember, protecting your skin is a lifelong commitment, and these simple steps can have a profound impact on your well-being and longevity. Stay sun-safe and prioritize your skin health!
- Wear sunscreen
- Avoid sun at peak timings
- Conduct self-examination
- Avoid tanning Beds
- Protect children
- Use hats and caps
- Wear protective clothing
Skin cancer treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital
A diagnosis of cancer can feel overwhelming. The treatment of skin cancer depends on the type of cancer, the size of the cancer, the growth pattern of the cancer as well as the location. At our Centre for Cancer, we specialize in providing exceptional care and cutting-edge treatments for patients battling skin cancer, ensuring the best possible outcomes. With a team of experienced oncologists, state-of-the-art technology, and a patient-centered approach, we are dedicated to offering comprehensive and personalized treatment plans for individuals diagnosed with skin cancer. We work together as a team to design an individualized treatment plan for you using the most advanced therapies. Our hospital is committed to making a difference in the lives of skin cancer patients, providing compassionate support, innovative therapies, and a healing environment to promote their well-being and recovery. Please find the below website link for further information: https://www.kokilabenhospital.com/departments/centresofexcellence/centrefor_cancer/skincancer.html