Archive for the ‘ Cancer ’ Category

Skin cancer awareness and precautions

Monday, May 22nd, 2023

Statistics suggest that India witnesses more than 10 lakh new melanoma cases each year. Most skin cancer is treatable when it is detected early. Skin cancer is a growing concern worldwide, with increasing cases reported each year. Fortunately, there are several preventive measures and precautions that can significantly reduce the risk of developing skin cancer. By adopting these strategies, you can protect yourself and your loved ones from this potentially deadly disease.

Skin cancer is a disease that involves the growth of abnormal cells in your skin tissues. Normally, new skin cells form to replace old ones as they age and die. Cells multiply more quickly when this process isn’t functioning properly, such as when exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun. These cells could be benign, meaning they don’t spread or damage others. They might also be malignant. If skin cancer is not detected in its early stages, it may spread to surrounding tissue or other parts of your body. 

Types of skin cancer

There are three main types of skin cancer, these include:

  • Basal cell carcinoma
    This occurs in your basal cells in the lower part of your epidermis (the outside layer of your skin).
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
    This occurs in your squamous cells in the outside layer of your skin.
  • Melanoma
    This occurs in the in melanocytes cells in your body. Melanocytes make melanin, a brown pigment that gives your skin its color and protects against some of the sun’s damaging UV rays. This is the most serious type of skin cancer as it can spread to other areas of your body.

Symptoms of skin cancer

The most common warning sign of skin cancer is a change on your skin, any new growth or a change in an existing growth or mole. Skin cancer symptoms include:

  • A new mole. Or a mole that changes in size, shape or color, or that bleeds.
  • A waxy bump on your face, ears or neck.
  • A flat, pink or red coloured patch or bump.
  • Areas on your skin that appear like scars.
  • Sores those look crusty.
  • Unhealing wounds or sores.
  • A rough, scaly lesion that might itch.

Here are the signs of the ABCDE to watch for:

  • Asymmetry: Irregular shape.
  • Border: Blurry or irregularly shaped edges.
  • Color: Mole with more than one color.
  • Diameter: Larger than a pencil eraser.
  • Evolution: Enlarging, changing in shape, color or size. 

Risk factors of skin cancer

Depending on their skin type, the season, and the length of time they are exposed to UV radiation, people may burn or tan. Skin cancer can affect anyone, although some people are more susceptible than others. These include:

  • A lighter natural skin color.
  • Skin that can become uncomfortable in the sun, burn, freckle, or redden easily.
  • Blue or green eyes.
  • Blond or red hair.
  • A large number of moles.
  • A family history of skin cancer.
  • A personal history of skin cancer.
  • Older age.

If you detect any changes in your skin, such as a new growth, a sore that doesn’t heal, a change in an existing growth, or any of the A, B, C, D, or E symptoms of melanoma, speak with your doctor.

Health precautions for skin cancer

Skin cancer is a preventable disease, and by implementing these preventive measures, raising awareness, and taking necessary precautions, you can significantly reduce the risk. Remember, protecting your skin is a lifelong commitment, and these simple steps can have a profound impact on your well-being and longevity. Stay sun-safe and prioritize your skin health!

  • Wear sunscreen
  • Avoid sun at peak timings
  • Conduct self-examination
  • Avoid tanning Beds
  • Protect children
  • Use hats and caps
  • Wear protective clothing

Skin cancer treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

A diagnosis of cancer can feel overwhelming. The treatment of skin cancer depends on the type of cancer, the size of the cancer, the growth pattern of the cancer as well as the location. At our Centre for Cancer, we specialize in providing exceptional care and cutting-edge treatments for patients battling skin cancer, ensuring the best possible outcomes. With a team of experienced oncologists, state-of-the-art technology, and a patient-centered approach, we are dedicated to offering comprehensive and personalized treatment plans for individuals diagnosed with skin cancer. We work together as a team to design an individualized treatment plan for you using the most advanced therapies. Our hospital is committed to making a difference in the lives of skin cancer patients, providing compassionate support, innovative therapies, and a healing environment to promote their well-being and recovery. Please find the below website link for further information:

Importance of early detection in Cancer Care

Friday, February 3rd, 2023

Cancer is the leading cause of death worldwide, and early detection plays a crucial role in increasing the chances of successful treatment and survival. When cancer is detected in its early stages, it is often more treatable and less likely to have spread to other parts of the body. Early stage patients are known to require only a single modality treatment, either surgery or radiation therapy but once it comes to stage III or IV multimodal treatment is always required, either two or three forms of treatment. In fact, statistics suggest that more than 50% cancer deaths in India are due to late diagnosis.

Several screening tests can help with early detection of cancer. In addition to screening tests we recommend regular health check-ups, reporting unusual symptoms and conducting self-examinations to increase the chances of early detection. Additionally by adopting a healthy diet, exercising regularly, promptly treating infections, abstaining from tobacco and alcohol and minimizing exposure to toxins you can lower your risk of developing cancer and improve your general health.

Cancer screening

It is important to be proactive in maintaining one’s health and to seek medical attention if any symptoms or concerns arise. Here is a list of various cancer screening tests to be performed as per your doctor’s advice:

  • Mammogram
    A low-dose X-ray of the breast used to detect changes or abnormalities that may indicate breast cancer.
  • Pap smear
    A test to detect abnormal cells on the cervix that could indicate cervical cancer.
  • Colonoscopy
    A test that uses a flexible tube with a camera to examine the inside of the colon and rectum for signs of cancer or precancerous polyps.
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
    A blood test to measure the level of PSA, a protein produced by the prostate gland that can indicate prostate cancer.
  • Liver function tests
    Blood tests that measure levels of certain enzymes and proteins produced by the liver to detect liver cancer or other liver diseases.
  • Endoscopy
    A test that uses a flexible tube with a camera to examine the inside of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine for signs of cancer or precancerous changes.
  • Chest X-ray
    A low-dose X-ray of the chest to detect changes or abnormalities that may indicate lung cancer.

It is important to note that these tests may vary based on individual risk factors, such as age, family history, and lifestyle habits. It is advisable to consult a healthcare provider for personalized recommendations and to discuss the benefits and risks of each test. Further, an early detection does not guarantee a cure, but it can greatly improve the chances of a successful outcome and increase the chances of survival. Early detection can also reduce the need for more extensive and invasive treatments, such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

Cancer treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Our Centre for Cancer brings together the expertise within the hospital to provide comprehensive and coordinated care for patients with all types of cancers, including solid tumours and blood related diseases. We offer a broad scope of cancer services, ranging from public awareness programs, screening and diagnosis, to treatment, pain management and palliative care. The range of care provided is organised into a number of patient-centred clinics, which includes Radiation therapy, Chemotherapy, Surgery, Bone Marrow Transplant, and Pain and Palliative Care. Our centre is supported by a Day Care Chemotherapy Unit that allows patients to go home the same day while under treatment. Besides, we offer cutting edge services that include:

  • Minimal Access Surgery and Robotic Surgery for most cancers
  • Trilogy for radiotherapy, EdgeTM and Novalis Tx for radiosurgery
  • Latest PET Scan for precise diagnosis

We also offer Precision Oncology, a landmark in cancer care which offers personalized, precise and individualized cancer treatment for each patient.

The Comprehensive Breast Care Unit at our Centre is a dedicated service that has been created to specifically diagnose and treat various diseases affecting the breast including breast cancer and is known to provide evidence based medicine using a multidisciplinary approach. Our highly experienced team has successfully performed over 19,500 complex cancer surgeries with excellent outcomes.

When it comes to your body, remember you are in charge. If you do spot something unusual, don’t put it off. Speak to your doctor, or reach out to our cancer specialists for further investigation. In most cases it won’t be cancer – but if it is, finding it early can make a real difference. For more information regarding the advanced cancer treatments offered at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai, please visit:

Cervical Cancer: Important points you must know

Friday, January 20th, 2023

India accounts for the highest number of cervical cancer cases in Asia, according to a latest Lancet study on the disease. There were around 6,04,127 new cases of cervical cancer in 2020 and India reported around 21% of the total cervical cases, as per the data. Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the lower part of the uterus called the cervix – a part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. This disease is caused by various strains of human papillomaviruses (HPV), a group of viruses that cause sexually transmitted infections. When the human body is exposed to HPV, the body’s immune system typically prevents the infection from viruses but sometimes people with weaker immune systems cannot fight against the infection caused by HPV, which results in the virus surviving in their body for years, contributing to the process of cervical cells becoming cancerous cells.

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

Sadly, cervical cancer doesn’t initially show any symptoms that are obvious. Only when the cancer has progressed do symptoms start showing up. It is advised to undergo routine screening tests that are known to identify the likelihood of having cervical cancer because in its early stages, the disease may not exhibit any symptoms at all.

The most common symptoms of cervical cancer in women include:

  • Vaginal bleeding between periods or following sexual intercourse
  • Vaginal discharge that is heavy, foul-smelling, or contains blood
  • Pelvic pain or pain during intercourse
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Loss of appetite or weight loss
  • A change in bowel or bladder habits
  • A lump or mass in the pelvic area
  • Lower back pain

It’s important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, and not all women with cervical cancer will have symptoms. That is why it is important to have regular cervical cancer screenings.

Cervical Cancer: Do’s & Don’t

Here are some essential healthcare precautions to note to reduce your risk of cervical cancer:


  • Get regular Pap tests and cervical cancer screenings as recommended by your healthcare provider
  • Practice safe sex to reduce the risk of HPV infection
  • Maintain a healthy diet and exercise regularly to support overall health
  • Understand the symptoms of cervical cancer and seek medical attention for any unusual changes
  • Get the HPV vaccine


  • Don’t ignore or avoid recommended cervical cancer screenings
  • Don’t smoke or use tobacco products
  • Don’t rely solely on alternative medicine to treat cervical cancer
  • Don’t ignore symptoms or delay seeking medical attention

Cause of Cervical Cancer

Here are some medically researched risk factors that increase your risk of getting cervical cancer:

  • Poor vaginal hygiene
  • Smoking
  • Increased number of childbirths
  • HIV infection
  • Prolonged use of oral contraceptive pills
  • Sexual intercourse with multiple partners

Lead a healthy lifestyle, take care of your reproductive health and see a gynaecologist for any unusual changes.

Cervical Cancer treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Cervical cancer is a serious disease that affects many women worldwide. Early detection and treatment are crucial in increasing the chances of survival. The Centre for Cancer at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai is staffed with experienced and compassionate oncologists and onco-surgeons who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer. We use state-of-the-art technology for prevention, screening and early detection, advanced imaging (including PET CT) to surgery, radiation and chemotherapy all under one roof to provide our patients with the best possible care. We are committed to fighting cervical cancer and saving lives. Please find below our website details:

Breast Cancer: Myths and Facts

Friday, October 7th, 2022

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women and accounts for 14% of cancers in Indian women. Statistics suggest that this cancer is on the rise, both in rural and urban India and every four minutes, an Indian woman is diagnosed with breast cancer. In 2018 there were 1,62,468 new registered cases and 87,090 reported deaths by breast cancer in India.

In India, the lifetime risk of developing breast cancer is one in twenty-eight women. Higher stages of cancer growth make survival more challenging, and stage 3 and stage 4 breast cancer affect more than 50% of Indian women. Women in India have a low survival rate for breast cancer due to a lack of knowledge and inadequate rates of early detection and diagnosis. Let us understand more about the Myths & Facts surrounding breast cancer in this article.

What is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer is a condition in which cells start to grow out of control, frequently developing a lump that is obvious upon physical examination. Depending on the kind of breast cells that are harmed, there are many types of breast cancer. One of the most common, invasive ductal carcinoma, relates to cells that grow outside the breast ducts. Depending on the stage of the cancer, each breast cancer case is treated differently.

Common Myths and Facts

Unfortunately, there are a number of breast cancer myths that are completely false. Here, we dispel some widespread misconceptions and presumptions about breast cancer:

Myth: Breast Cancer is always hereditary
Fact: The majority of women who are diagnosed with breast cancer, in reality, do not have any known familial ties. Only 5 to 10% of cases are genetically related. Even though there is a family history of breast cancer, it does not guarantee that a specific person will contract the illness.

Myths: Mammograms are unsafe and painful
Fact: Modern technology means that radiation levels are minimal and safe. The level of discomfort is minimized by modern mammography technology. Women may choose to schedule a mammogram at a different time because their breasts may be sensitive right before or right after menstruation.

Myth: Breast Cancer doesn’t develop in healthy individuals
Fact: People who are fit and live very healthy lifestyles can still develop cancer. Being overweight and eating poorly do raise the risk of developing breast cancer, and taking care of one’s health and keeping a healthy weight improves one’s chances but does not completely eliminate the danger.

Myth: Excess sugar intake can cause Breast Cancer
Fact: Sugar and cancer does not have a direct link. However, a diet high in sugar typically causes weight gain and raises the chance of acquiring a number of malignancies that also include cancer. For a variety of health reasons, people should cut back on processed sugar in their diets, although there is currently insufficient proof that it directly contributes to breast cancer.

Myth: A lump is always a symptom of Breast Cancer
Fact: Breast cancer doesn’t always cause a lump and a lump does not always indicate that a person has the condition. Regular screenings are thus crucial to detect breast cancer. You must consult a doctor if you see something is unusual with your breast.

Myth: Young women do not get Breast Cancer
Fact: Breast cancer is more likely to occur in a woman older than 35, however it can also occur in very young women.  Any lump found at any age needs a thorough medical checkup by a doctor.

Myth:  Breast cancer is not painful
Fact: Breast cancer is usually not associated with pain, however some women suffering from breast cancer do experience pain as a symptom. A doctor must thoroughly examine any breast pain.

Myth: Redness, pain or bloody discharge are only signs of mastitis
Fact: Mastitis is a common condition in young mothers, but if the symptoms persist despite receiving antibiotic treatment, the patient should undergo additional testing. Young women with breast cancer may experience similar symptoms to those of mastitis.

Breast Cancer care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

The Comprehensive Breast Care Unit at our Centre for Cancer is a dedicated service that has been created to specifically diagnose and treat conditions affecting the mammary gland. The unit is designed on the guidelines laid down by the European Union Society of Mastology (EUSOMA). Our experienced oncologists offer personalized care using the most advanced technology and high quality expertise. Our team has successfully performed over 3300 breast cancer surgeries. Please find the below link for further details:

Cancer Awareness

Thursday, February 3rd, 2022

Shocked and surprised at a loved one’s cancer diagnosis? Being diagnosed with cancer and going through intensive treatment can cause immense physical discomfort as well as an emotional upheaval. As per statistics by multiple cancer research organizations; early detection and treatment helps save lives of cancer patients. Regular cancer screening is recommended for everyone. Cancer causes cells to divide uncontrollably. This can result in tumours, damage to the immune system, and other impairment that can prove fatal. India saw over 14 lakh new cancer cases in 2020 and the leading cancers were: breast, lung, mouth, cervix, uterus and tongue. World Health Organization (WHO) speculates that one in 10 Indians will develop cancer during their lifetime and one in 15 will die of the disease. The theme for this year’s World Cancer Day, celebrated on 4th February “Close the Care Gap” aims to raise awareness about cancer and provide appropriate cancer care to all.

Types of Cancer

Cancer refers to an abnormal & unregulated growth of tissue, which may invade surrounding normal structures and also spread to sites distant from that of origin. These cells are termed cancer cells, malignant cells, or tumour cells. They are further identified by the name of the tissue that the abnormal cells originated from (for example, lung cancer, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, cervical cancer, etc). Cancers are broadly of 3 types:

  • Carcinomas (70%)
    Arise in membranes (coverings) and glands/ ducts of glands; commonest type of cancer; usually spreads to neighbouring sites, then to distant sites; important sites include head-neck, lung, breast, prostate, oesophagus, colorectum & anus.
  • Sarcomas (10-20%)
    Arise from bone/muscle/nerve; less common; spreads to distant sites early.
  • Blood cancers
    This includes leukemia, lymphoma & myeloma.

Symptoms of Cancer

It’s important to be aware of the warning symptoms of cancer, regardless of your age or health. Some of the signs and symptoms aren’t usually indicative of cancer. However it is critical to consult a medical specialist to assess your health and take appropriate action. The following are some of the most common cancer signs and symptoms in both men and women:

  • Abnormal periods or pelvic pain.
  • Breast changes.
  • Chronic cough.
  • Excessive bruising.
  • Frequent fevers or infections.
  • Skin changes.
  • Persistent pain and fatigue.
  • Stomach pain or nausea.
  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Unusual lumps.

Risk factors of Cancer

There has been extensive research on cancer over the years and studies suggest that the most common causes and risk factors of cancer are:

  • Alcohol intake.
  • Tobacco use.
  • Lack of physical activity.
  • Being overweight or obese.
  • Poor dietary habits.
  • Radiation exposure.
  • Virus infections and other infections.
  • Family history.

Common questions about Cancer

Cancer is a serious health condition and may be difficult for some people to understand and care about. Here are some common questions to ask your doctor and understand your condition better:

  • What risk factors do I have about cancer?
  • What is my chance of developing cancer?
  • How can I lower my risk of cancer?
  • What cancer screening tests do you recommend?

Cancer prevention

There is no definitive way to prevent cancer. However, you can make changes to lower the risk of getting cancer. Here are a few changes to adapt:

  • Aim to be a maintain a healthy weight throughout life.
  • Be physically active for at least 30 minutes every day.
  • Limit sugar and salt intake.
  • Eat a variety of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and legumes.
  • Avoid alcohol and tobacco use.
  • Exclusively breastfeed your baby.
  • Get vaccinated.
  • Be regular with cancer screenings.

Cancer care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Cancer symptoms vary according to the site of the disease. However, any abnormal lump or any unusual bleeding or discharge needs to be investigated by a specialist. Meet our team of highly trained specialists for comprehensive cancer care using high-end technologies that match international standards. Our team of oncologists and onco-surgeons work closely with the patient and offer multi-modal treatment that includes radiation therapy, chemotherapy, surgical treatment as well as rehabilitation care.

Our advanced technology includes:

  • Minimal Access Surgery and Robotic Surgery for most cancers.
  • Trilogy for radiotherapy, EdgeTM and Novalis Tx for radiosurgery.
  • Latest PET Scan for precise diagnosis.

Consult our team of experts at our Centre for Cancer for prevention, timely screening, early diagnosis and appropriate cancer care. Please find below the website details for further information: