Archive for the ‘ Cancer ’ Category

Cancer Care: Insights into Symptoms, Prevention, and Treatment

Monday, February 5th, 2024

Discovering a loved one’s battle with cancer can be a disturbing experience, unleashing a whirlwind of emotions and uncertainties. Cancer, a disease characterized by the uncontrollable division of cells, poses a significant threat to individuals worldwide. In India alone, over 14 lakh new cancer cases were reported in 2022, with prevalent types including breast, lung, mouth, cervix, uterus, and tongue. Statistics suggest that India saw over 9 lakh deaths due to the disease in 2022.

Understanding Cancer

Cancer manifests in various forms, each originating from specific tissues within the body. Carcinomas, constituting 70% of cases, arise in membranes and glands, often spreading to neighboring and distant sites. Sarcomas, comprising 10-20% of cases, originate from bone, muscle, or nerve tissues and tend to metastasize early. Blood cancers, including leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma, affect the blood, bone marrow, and lymphatic system. Recognizing these types and their symptoms is crucial for early intervention and improved outcomes.

Commons Symptoms of Cancer

Awareness regarding potential cancer symptoms can lead to timely diagnosis and treatment initiation. Consulting a healthcare professional for proper assessment is paramount in addressing any concerning signs or symptoms promptly. These include:

  • Frequent fevers or infections
  • Persistent pain and fatigue
  • Stomach pain or nausea
  • Abnormal periods or pelvic pain
  • Breast changes
  • Chronic cough or chest pain
  • Excessive bruising
  • Unusual lumps
  • Unexplained weight loss

Risk Factors of Cancer

Understanding the risk factors associated with cancer empowers individuals to make informed lifestyle choices conducive to health and well-being. Here are some common risk factors of cancer:

  • Being overweight or obese
  • Poor dietary habits
  • Alcohol intake
  • Tobacco use
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Radiation exposure

Cancer Prevention

Statistics suggest that 1 in 3 cancer cases could be prevented and the number of cancer deaths could be reduced by making healthy lifestyle choices. Here are some helpful tips to adopt a to adoto adopt proactive approach and reduce your risk of cancer:

  • Protect your Skin from Cancer
  • Avoid Processed Foods
  • Don’t Use tobacco
  • Avoid alcohol intake
  • Stay physically Active
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Eat a plant based diet
  • Practice safe sex
  • Get Vaccinated
  • Get recommended Cancer Screenings

As we strive to foster greater awareness and understanding of cancer, it is imperative to emphasize the role of prevention and early detection in mitigating its impact. By prioritizing lifestyle modifications, regular screenings, and proactive healthcare engagement, individuals can take meaningful steps towards reducing cancer incidence and improving outcomes. Let us unite in our efforts to promote cancer awareness, support those affected by the disease, and strive towards a future where cancer no longer poses a formidable threat to global health and well-being.

Cancer Treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Cancer symptoms differ based on the location of the disease. However, any irregular lump or unusual bleeding or discharge warrants evaluation by a specialist. Connect with our team of extensively trained experts at our Centre Cancer for comprehensive cancer management utilizing state-of-the-art technologies aligned with global benchmarks. Our team of oncologists and onco-surgeons collaborates closely with patients, providing a multi-disciplinary approach encompassing radiation therapy, chemotherapy, surgical interventions, and rehabilitation support.

Our advanced technology includes:

  • HIFU (High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound)
  • Minimal Access Surgery and Robotic Surgery for most cancers
  • Trilogy for radiotherapy, EdgeTM and Novalis Tx for Radiosugery
  • Latest Digital PET Scan for precise diagnosis

Consult our team of experts at our Centre for Cancer for preventive, diagnostic, medical and surgical treatment. Please find below the website details for further information:

Supporting a Loved One with Breast Cancer

Friday, October 6th, 2023

In India, every four minutes, a woman is diagnosed with breast cancer. With some 1,78,000 new cases being diagnosed every year, breast cancer has overtaken cervical cancer to become the most common cancer in Indian women. It accounts for 14% of cancers in Indian women. Receiving a breast cancer diagnosis is a life-altering event for anyone, but it’s not just the patient who feels the impact. Friends and family members also go through a rollercoaster of emotions as they try to support their loved one through the challenging journey of treatment and recovery.  While the treatment varies for each patient, it’s vital to support your loved one throughout diagnosis, treatment and recovery. Increased support from family and friends ensures better outcomes and also helps prevent depression following a breast cancer diagnosis.

Understanding the Medical Aspects

Breast cancer is a complex disease with various types and stages, which can determine the treatment approach. Treatments include:

  • Surgery
    This is often the first step in treating breast cancer. It can involve a lumpectomy (removal of the tumor and surrounding tissue) or a mastectomy (removal of the entire breast). Understanding the type of surgery your loved one is undergoing can help you provide appropriate support.
  • Chemotherapy
    Chemotherapy uses drugs to target and kill cancer cells throughout the body. It can be administered intravenously or orally and may have various side effects such as nausea, fatigue, and hair loss.
  • Radiation Therapy
    Radiation therapy utilizes high-energy beams to target and destroy cancer cells. It is usually administered after surgery to eliminate any remaining cancer cells.
  • Hormone Therapy
    This treatment is designed for hormone receptor-positive breast cancers. It involves medications that block or reduce hormone production to prevent cancer growth.
  • Targeted Therapy
    Targeted therapy specifically targets certain molecules involved in cancer growth. It is often used in combination with other treatments.

How to Support someone with Cancer?

Understanding the specifics of your loved ones treatment plan is helpful to provide effective support. Here are a few things to help make things easier for your loved one and yourself after diagnosis and during treatment:

  • Stay in touch
    A breast cancer diagnosis can evoke a wide range of emotions, including fear, anxiety, and sadness. Be a good listener, offer a shoulder to cry on, and reassure your loved one that you are there for them no matter what. 
  • Be patient
    The first few days after diagnosis, the patient is usually overwhelmed and overflowing with emotions. Be patient and kind with the person as they navigate their treatment options.
  • Accompany for appointments
    After a breast cancer diagnosis, doctor appointments can be overwhelming especially the information about their condition, treatment options and prognosis. Attending medical appointments with your loved one can offer moral support and help them remember important information.
  • Help with Chores
    Treatment can be physically demanding. Offer to drive your loved one to appointments, take care of children, pets or help with household chores to reduce their burden.
  • Discuss Mental health
    Poor mental health can negatively impact cancer treatment and its outcomes. If you notice your loved one’s mental health deteriorating, reach out to them and connect them with a mental health specialist.
  • Find Support Groups
    Both patients and caregivers can benefit from joining support groups. These groups offer a safe space to share experiences, ask questions, and find comfort in knowing you’re not alone.

Breast Cancer care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

The journey of breast cancer may be challenging, but your presence and care can make a significant difference in their battle against breast cancer. Remember that every small gesture of support counts in helping your loved one through this difficult time. The Comprehensive Breast Care Unit at our Centre for Cancer is a dedicated service that has been created to specifically diagnose and treat conditions affecting the mammary gland. Consult our experienced oncologists who have successfully performed over 3300 breast cancer surgeries. Please find the below link for further details:

Prostate Cancer Awareness

Friday, September 8th, 2023

Prostate cancer is one of the leading cancers in India that usually affects men in the age group of 65 years and above. However, recently there has been an increase in reports of cancer in younger men below 65 years of age residing in metropolitan cities. Increasing age, obesity, improper diet habits, lack of exercise and genetic alterations have been identified by experts as the main contributing factors towards prostate cancer.  

Most often, the symptoms of prostate cancer are either ignored or neglected, leading to advanced stages of the cancer. Doctors warn against delay in diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer as it can prove fatal. It is important to know your family history, understand the common symptoms of prostate cancer and be regular with screening tests.

What is Prostate Cancer?

The prostate is a small gland in the male reproductive system, responsible for producing seminal fluid that nourishes and transports the sperm. Prostate cancer occurs when abnormal cells in the prostate gland start to grow uncontrollably. While it is generally a slow-growing cancer, it can be aggressive in some cases, making early detection and prevention crucial.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

The common symptoms include:

  • Urinary Problems
  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Pain and discomfort in the lower back, hips, or pelvis
  • Unexplained weight loss and persistent fatigue

Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer

While the exact cause of prostate cancer is not known, several risk factors increase the likelihood of developing the disease, which include:

  • Age
    Prostate cancer is more common in older men especially those above 65 years of age.
  • Family History
    Men with a family history of prostate cancer, especially in close relatives like fathers or brothers, are at higher risk.
  • Dietary Factors
    A diet high in red meat and low in fruits and vegetables may increase the risk of prostate cancer.
  • Obesity
    Being overweight or obese is associated with a higher risk of developing advanced prostate cancer.

Preventive Measures for Prostate Cancer

Medical experts recommend these essential lifestyle changes and tips to reduce your risk of prostate cancer:

  • Dietary Changes
    Focus on a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, whole grains, and lean proteins.
  • Exercise Regularly
    Engaging in regular physical activity not only helps maintain a healthy weight but may also reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
  • Limit Red Meat and Dairy
    Reducing the consumption of red meat and dairy products, particularly high-fat varieties, may lower the risk of prostate cancer.
  • Maintain a Healthy weight
    Obesity highly increases your risk of getting aggressive prostate cancer. Maintain a healthy weight through a combination of diet and exercise.
  • Screening and Early Detection
    Regular screenings are vital, especially for men with a family history of prostate cancer or those over the age of 50. Discuss with your healthcare provider when to start prostate cancer screenings, such as the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test.
  • Know your Family History
    Understanding your family’s medical history can help you and your healthcare provider assess your risk accurately.
  • Reduce Stress
    Chronic stress can weaken the immune system and potentially contribute to the development of cancer. Find ways to cope better with stress through yoga, meditation, self-care, etc.
  • Avoid Smoking and Quit Alcohol
    Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption has been linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer. Quit today.

Prostate Cancer Treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Prostate cancer awareness is essential for every man, as early detection and prevention can make a significant difference in the outcome of the disease. The team of specialists at our Centre for Cancer provides high-quality, evidence-based comprehensive and personalised care for prostate cancer. Regular check-ups and a commitment to a healthy lifestyle can go a long way in protecting your prostate health.

Our Uro-Oncology teams have successfully treated more than 500 prostate cancer patients in the past using state-of-the-art da Vinci Robotic Surgery and radiation techniques. Our multidisciplinary team consists of a uro-oncologist, medical oncologist, radiation oncologist and onco pathologist and radiologist for prompt decisions and faster treatment. Please find below our website link for more details:

Skin Cancer Awareness and Precautions

Monday, May 22nd, 2023

Statistics suggest that India witnesses more than 10 lakh new melanoma cases each year. Most skin cancer is treatable when it is detected early. Skin cancer is a growing concern worldwide, with increasing cases reported each year. Fortunately, there are several preventive measures and precautions that can significantly reduce the risk of developing skin cancer. By adopting these strategies, you can protect yourself and your loved ones from this potentially deadly disease.

Skin cancer is a disease that involves the growth of abnormal cells in your skin tissues. Normally, new skin cells form to replace old ones as they age and die. Cells multiply more quickly when this process isn’t functioning properly, such as when exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun. These cells could be benign, meaning they don’t spread or damage others. They might also be malignant. If skin cancer is not detected in its early stages, it may spread to surrounding tissue or other parts of your body. 

Types of skin cancer

There are three main types of skin cancer, these include:

  • Basal cell carcinoma
    This occurs in your basal cells in the lower part of your epidermis (the outside layer of your skin).
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
    This occurs in your squamous cells in the outside layer of your skin.
  • Melanoma
    This occurs in the in melanocytes cells in your body. Melanocytes make melanin, a brown pigment that gives your skin its color and protects against some of the sun’s damaging UV rays. This is the most serious type of skin cancer as it can spread to other areas of your body.

Symptoms of skin cancer

The most common warning sign of skin cancer is a change on your skin, any new growth or a change in an existing growth or mole. Skin cancer symptoms include:

  • A new mole. Or a mole that changes in size, shape or color, or that bleeds.
  • A waxy bump on your face, ears or neck.
  • A flat, pink or red coloured patch or bump.
  • Areas on your skin that appear like scars.
  • Sores those look crusty.
  • Unhealing wounds or sores.
  • A rough, scaly lesion that might itch.

Here are the signs of the ABCDE to watch for:

  • Asymmetry: Irregular shape.
  • Border: Blurry or irregularly shaped edges.
  • Color: Mole with more than one color.
  • Diameter: Larger than a pencil eraser.
  • Evolution: Enlarging, changing in shape, color or size. 

Risk factors of skin cancer

Depending on their skin type, the season, and the length of time they are exposed to UV radiation, people may burn or tan. Skin cancer can affect anyone, although some people are more susceptible than others. These include:

  • A lighter natural skin color.
  • Skin that can become uncomfortable in the sun, burn, freckle, or redden easily.
  • Blue or green eyes.
  • Blond or red hair.
  • A large number of moles.
  • A family history of skin cancer.
  • A personal history of skin cancer.
  • Older age.

If you detect any changes in your skin, such as a new growth, a sore that doesn’t heal, a change in an existing growth, or any of the A, B, C, D, or E symptoms of melanoma, speak with your doctor.

Health precautions for skin cancer

Skin cancer is a preventable disease, and by implementing these preventive measures, raising awareness, and taking necessary precautions, you can significantly reduce the risk. Remember, protecting your skin is a lifelong commitment, and these simple steps can have a profound impact on your well-being and longevity. Stay sun-safe and prioritize your skin health!

  • Wear sunscreen
  • Avoid sun at peak timings
  • Conduct self-examination
  • Avoid tanning Beds
  • Protect children
  • Use hats and caps
  • Wear protective clothing

Skin cancer treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

A diagnosis of cancer can feel overwhelming. The treatment of skin cancer depends on the type of cancer, the size of the cancer, the growth pattern of the cancer as well as the location. At our Centre for Cancer, we specialize in providing exceptional care and cutting-edge treatments for patients battling skin cancer, ensuring the best possible outcomes. With a team of experienced oncologists, state-of-the-art technology, and a patient-centered approach, we are dedicated to offering comprehensive and personalized treatment plans for individuals diagnosed with skin cancer. We work together as a team to design an individualized treatment plan for you using the most advanced therapies. Our hospital is committed to making a difference in the lives of skin cancer patients, providing compassionate support, innovative therapies, and a healing environment to promote their well-being and recovery. Please find the below website link for further information:

Importance of Early Detection in Cancer Care

Friday, February 3rd, 2023

Cancer is the leading cause of death worldwide, and early detection plays a crucial role in increasing the chances of successful treatment and survival. When cancer is detected in its early stages, it is often more treatable and less likely to have spread to other parts of the body. Early stage patients are known to require only a single modality treatment, either surgery or radiation therapy but once it comes to stage III or IV multimodal treatment is always required, either two or three forms of treatment. In fact, statistics suggest that more than 50% cancer deaths in India are due to late diagnosis.

Several screening tests can help with early detection of cancer. In addition to screening tests we recommend regular health check-ups, reporting unusual symptoms and conducting self-examinations to increase the chances of early detection. Additionally by adopting a healthy diet, exercising regularly, promptly treating infections, abstaining from tobacco and alcohol and minimizing exposure to toxins you can lower your risk of developing cancer and improve your general health.

Cancer screening

It is important to be proactive in maintaining one’s health and to seek medical attention if any symptoms or concerns arise. Here is a list of various cancer screening tests to be performed as per your doctor’s advice:

  • Mammogram
    A low-dose X-ray of the breast used to detect changes or abnormalities that may indicate breast cancer.
  • Pap smear
    A test to detect abnormal cells on the cervix that could indicate cervical cancer.
  • Colonoscopy
    A test that uses a flexible tube with a camera to examine the inside of the colon and rectum for signs of cancer or precancerous polyps.
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
    A blood test to measure the level of PSA, a protein produced by the prostate gland that can indicate prostate cancer.
  • Liver function tests
    Blood tests that measure levels of certain enzymes and proteins produced by the liver to detect liver cancer or other liver diseases.
  • Endoscopy
    A test that uses a flexible tube with a camera to examine the inside of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine for signs of cancer or precancerous changes.
  • Chest X-ray
    A low-dose X-ray of the chest to detect changes or abnormalities that may indicate lung cancer.

It is important to note that these tests may vary based on individual risk factors, such as age, family history, and lifestyle habits. It is advisable to consult a healthcare provider for personalized recommendations and to discuss the benefits and risks of each test. Further, an early detection does not guarantee a cure, but it can greatly improve the chances of a successful outcome and increase the chances of survival. Early detection can also reduce the need for more extensive and invasive treatments, such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

Cancer treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Our Centre for Cancer brings together the expertise within the hospital to provide comprehensive and coordinated care for patients with all types of cancers, including solid tumours and blood related diseases. We offer a broad scope of cancer services, ranging from public awareness programs, screening and diagnosis, to treatment, pain management and palliative care. The range of care provided is organised into a number of patient-centred clinics, which includes Radiation therapy, Chemotherapy, Surgery, Bone Marrow Transplant, and Pain and Palliative Care. Our centre is supported by a Day Care Chemotherapy Unit that allows patients to go home the same day while under treatment. Besides, we offer cutting edge services that include:

  • Minimal Access Surgery and Robotic Surgery for most cancers
  • Trilogy for radiotherapy, EdgeTM and Novalis Tx for radiosurgery
  • Latest PET Scan for precise diagnosis

We also offer Precision Oncology, a landmark in cancer care which offers personalized, precise and individualized cancer treatment for each patient.

The Comprehensive Breast Care Unit at our Centre is a dedicated service that has been created to specifically diagnose and treat various diseases affecting the breast including breast cancer and is known to provide evidence based medicine using a multidisciplinary approach. Our highly experienced team has successfully performed over 19,500 complex cancer surgeries with excellent outcomes.

When it comes to your body, remember you are in charge. If you do spot something unusual, don’t put it off. Speak to your doctor, or reach out to our cancer specialists for further investigation. In most cases it won’t be cancer – but if it is, finding it early can make a real difference. For more information regarding the advanced cancer treatments offered at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai, please visit: