Archive for February, 2024

The Role of Social Media in Eating Disorders: Navigating Triggers and Promoting Positive Body Image 

Tuesday, February 27th, 2024

Have you ever felt that movies, television, and social media portray unrealistic standards of beauty? Research suggests that it is true, those “perfect” images seen on various media can trigger mental health issues, and eating disorders, and leave you feeling seriously unhappy with your own body. A medical expert suggests that – teens and young adults who reduced their social media use by 50 percent for just a few weeks saw a significant improvement in how they felt about both their weight and their overall appearance compared to others with consistent social media use.

Social Media and Eating Disorders

Social media is one of the greatest communication tools and has totally changed the way we interact with one another. However, it also has the power to wreak havoc on someone suffering from an eating disorder and be even more detrimental to those in recovery. While social media itself usually isn’t the only reason someone develops an eating disorder, it can be a big factor for those who are vulnerable to such behaviors. Here are a few ways it’s causing trouble and contributing to eating disorders:

  • Body Objectification
    Pictures being shared on social media, many of which are edited play a big role in how individuals especially youngsters seek validation. Selfies on social media can potentially send a message that your beauty determines your worth.
  • Comparison
    Social media’s inherent nature fosters comparisons, leading individuals to frequently assess themselves with others. For someone suffering from an eating disorder, this dynamic can prove detrimental as they compare their body image with those portrayed on social platforms.
  • Crash Diets
    Social media influencers promote crash diets and extreme weight loss methods as effective means to achieve the coveted “ideal” body. Fad diets and detox teas are in reality quick-fix solutions that may lead to nutrient deficiencies, metabolic imbalances, and eating disorders.
  • Being too Skinny
    One prevalent misconception perpetuated on social media is the equation of thinness with healthiness. Scrolling through curated feeds flooded with images of thin, airbrushed bodies can lead to internalized beliefs that being thin is the epitome of health. A person’s overall well-being encompasses physical, mental, and emotional aspects, irrespective of their body size or shape.

Social media tends to misinform the youth and sets unrealistic standards of beauty, contributing to the rise of eating disorders among individuals.

Common Eating Disorders

Eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder, are complex mental health conditions characterized by disturbances in eating behaviors and body image perceptions. These disorders can have serious consequences on physical health, including malnutrition, electrolyte imbalances, and organ damage, as well as profound psychological impacts, such as low self-esteem, anxiety, and depression.

Helpful Tips for Promoting Positive Body Image

  • Diversify Your Social Media Feed
    Follow accounts that promote body positivity, diversity, and inclusivity. Surrounding yourself with diverse representations of beauty can help challenge narrow beauty standards and foster self-acceptance.
  • Practice Self-Compassion
    Be kind to yourself and practice self-compassion. Focus on appreciating your body for its strength, resilience, and functionality, rather than its appearance.
  • Engage in Mindful Eating
    Listen to your body’s hunger and fullness cues, and honor your cravings without judgment. Practice mindful eating by savoring each bite and cultivating a positive relationship with food.
  • Seek Support
    If you’re struggling with body image issues or disordered eating behaviors, don’t hesitate to seek professional help. Therapists, dietitians, and support groups specialized in eating disorders can provide invaluable guidance and support on your journey toward recovery.
  • Don’t be afraid to unfollow. If you are being overwhelmed by certain social media accounts or it is negatively affecting your mental health, just unfollow them.

Be mindful of social media’s influence. Remember that the images you see are often edited and not realistic. Value yourself just as you are, and shield yourself from the negative impact of social media. If you are suffering from any eating disorders or body image concerns, feel free to connect with our team of counsellors and psychologists at our Department of Psychiatry for judgment-free professional help. Please find below link for more details:

Coping Strategies for Parents and Caregivers of Children with Congenital Heart Disease

Wednesday, February 14th, 2024

Congenital heart defects (CHDs) stand as the most prevalent form of birth defect. They are present at birth and have an impact on the heart’s structure and functionality. They can disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart and its distribution to the body. Ranging from mild instances, such as small holes in the heart, to severe cases involving missing or improperly formed heart components, CHDs present a spectrum of complexities. In India alone, more than 200,000 children are born annually with congenital heart defects, with a striking 20 percent necessitating life-saving interventions within their first year of life.

Unique Parenting Challenges

Parents of children with CHD face unique challenges, such as:

  • Learning specialized parenting skills
    In addition to the usual challenges and adaptations that come with welcoming a newborn, parents of infants with CHD often find themselves grappling with the unique circumstances of caring for a baby who might have endured lengthy stays in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and may still rely on tubes or attachments to support their fragile bodies.
  • Living with persistent uncertainty
    Even if their child no longer requires procedures, doctor appointments often stir up past memories and new worries. As children mature, parents naturally grapple with concerns about the ongoing risks associated with CHD and uncertainties surrounding their child’s lifelong care. The journey continues indefinitely requiring constant parental support.

Coping Strategies for Parents and Caregivers

Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) in children can be a challenging diagnosis for parents and caregivers to navigate. It requires a blend of medical management, emotional support, and lifestyle adjustments to ensure the best possible outcomes for the child. Coping with the complexities of CHD demands resilience and proactive strategies. Here are some helpful tips to follow:

  • Educate Yourself
    Understanding your child’s condition is crucial. Take the time to learn about CHD, its various types, potential complications, and treatment options. Knowledge empowers you to make informed decisions and effectively communicate with healthcare professionals.
  • Build a Support Network
    You are not alone in this journey. Connect with other parents and caregivers of children with CHD through support groups, online forums, or local organizations.
  • Establish Open Communication
    Foster open and honest communication with your child’s healthcare team. Ask questions, voice concerns, and actively participate in decision-making regarding your child’s care. Clear communication promotes collaboration and ensures that everyone is working towards the same goals.
  • Prioritize Self-Care
    Caring for a child with CHD can be physically and emotionally taxing. Remember to prioritize your own well-being. Take breaks when needed, engage in activities you enjoy, and seek support from friends and family members to prevent burnout.
  • Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle
    Encourage healthy habits for your child, such as a balanced diet, regular exercise (as recommended by your healthcare team), and sufficient sleep. These lifestyle factors can contribute to overall well-being and help manage potential complications associated with CHD.
  • Stay Organized
    Managing appointments, medications, and treatment plans can be overwhelming. Keep a detailed calendar or planner to track appointments, jot down questions for healthcare providers, and record important information about your child’s health.
  • Advocate for Your Child
    Be your child’s strongest advocate. Speak up for their needs, rights, and preferences within the healthcare system, school environment, and community. Ensure they receive appropriate accommodations and support to thrive.
  • Celebrate Milestones
    Each small achievement is important. Whether it’s reaching a developmental milestone, successfully completing a medical procedure, or simply sharing moments of joy together, acknowledging these milestones can boost morale and strengthen your bond as a family.
  • Monitor Emotional Health
    It’s natural to experience a range of emotions when caring for a child with CHD, including fear, anxiety, and sadness. Acknowledge your feelings and seek professional support if needed. Therapy or counseling can provide coping strategies and emotional resilience.

Congenital Heart Defect Treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Our Children’s Heart Centre stands as a premier healthcare institution, dedicated to delivering unparalleled care for neonates, infants, children, and adults grappling with a spectrum of heart conditions, from common to complex congenital defects. Equipped with state-of-the-art Heart Lung Machines for surgical interventions, ECMO for critical care, and advanced 3D Echo machines for precise diagnosis, the Centre ensures cutting-edge treatment modalities. Our team comprises highly skilled paediatric cardiologists selected from the nation’s finest talent pool. Reach out to our team of experts for specialized congenital heart disease treatment. Please find below our website details:

Myths and Misconceptions About Epilepsy: Debunking Common Stereotypes and Misinformation

Friday, February 9th, 2024

Epilepsy affects millions of people in India, with an estimated prevalence of about 1 crore individuals living with the condition. Despite its significant impact, epilepsy remains widely misunderstood and stigmatized in the Indian society. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures, which result from abnormal electrical activity in the brain. These seizures can vary widely in their manifestation and severity, ranging from brief episodes of staring or confusion to convulsions. While epilepsy can occur at any age, it often begins in childhood or old age. Despite its prevalence, epilepsy is often misunderstood, leading to numerous myths and misconceptions. As we observe International Epilepsy Day, it’s crucial to debunk these stereotypes and misinformation to promote awareness, understanding, and support for individuals living with epilepsy.

Debunking the Common Myths around Epilepsy

Myth: Epilepsy is contagious.
Fact: One of the most pervasive myths about epilepsy is that it can be transmitted from person to person through contact. In reality, epilepsy is not contagious. It’s a neurological condition caused by various factors, such as genetics, brain injury, or infection. It cannot be spread through casual contact, including touching, hugging, or being near someone with epilepsy.

Myth: All seizures look the same.
Fact: Seizures come in various forms, and not all of them involve convulsions. While some seizures manifest as convulsions or jerking movements, others may cause staring spells, confusion, or temporary loss of awareness. It’s essential to recognize that seizures can present differently depending on the individual and the type of epilepsy they have.

Myth: People with epilepsy are intellectually disabled.
Fact: Another common misconception is that epilepsy is synonymous with intellectual disability. While epilepsy can coexist with other developmental conditions, such as autism or intellectual disability, having epilepsy does not inherently affect a person’s intelligence. Many individuals with epilepsy lead fulfilling lives and excel in their careers and academics.

Myth: Epilepsy is always a lifelong condition.
Fact: While epilepsy is often a chronic disorder, it doesn’t mean that everyone diagnosed with epilepsy will have it for life. Some individuals may experience seizures for a limited period, while others may achieve seizure control with medication or other treatments.

Myth: Epilepsy is a rare disorder.
Fact: Contrary to popular belief, epilepsy is not rare. It affects approximately 50 million people globally, making it one of the most common neurological conditions. However, due to stigma and misinformation, people with epilepsy may feel isolated or marginalized.

Myth: Seizures are always dangerous.
Fact: While seizures can be frightening to witness, not all of them pose immediate danger. In many cases, seizures are brief and self-limiting, with no lasting consequences. However, certain types of seizures, such as prolonged convulsive seizures or those involving loss of consciousness, may require prompt medical attention. It is  essential to stay informed about seizure first aid.

Epilepsy Treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Seizures can be managed with timely and appropriate use of anti-seizure medications. In certain instances, surgery may offer significant benefits to patients who do not respond well to medications. Highly trained and experienced specialists at the Centre for Neurosciences will assist you to understand epilepsy better and guide you with further treatment options. We have established a “Comprehensive Epilepsy Care Programme” to evaluate individuals with epilepsy and provide optimal medical and surgical interventions. Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai is the first and only centre in Western India offering cutting-edge diagnostic facilities for epilepsy assessment all under one roof. Our team of neurologists and neurosurgeons is dedicated to delivering multidisciplinary care that extends beyond medication and surgical procedures. Furthermore, our Epilepsy Support Group hosts regular informative sessions addressing medication, education, employment, and social concerns for both patients and caregivers. For more information about our Epilepsy care, please visit our website:

Cancer Care: Insights into Symptoms, Prevention, and Treatment

Monday, February 5th, 2024

Discovering a loved one’s battle with cancer can be a disturbing experience, unleashing a whirlwind of emotions and uncertainties. Cancer, a disease characterized by the uncontrollable division of cells, poses a significant threat to individuals worldwide. In India alone, over 14 lakh new cancer cases were reported in 2022, with prevalent types including breast, lung, mouth, cervix, uterus, and tongue. Statistics suggest that India saw over 9 lakh deaths due to the disease in 2022.

Understanding Cancer

Cancer manifests in various forms, each originating from specific tissues within the body. Carcinomas, constituting 70% of cases, arise in membranes and glands, often spreading to neighboring and distant sites. Sarcomas, comprising 10-20% of cases, originate from bone, muscle, or nerve tissues and tend to metastasize early. Blood cancers, including leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma, affect the blood, bone marrow, and lymphatic system. Recognizing these types and their symptoms is crucial for early intervention and improved outcomes.

Commons Symptoms of Cancer

Awareness regarding potential cancer symptoms can lead to timely diagnosis and treatment initiation. Consulting a healthcare professional for proper assessment is paramount in addressing any concerning signs or symptoms promptly. These include:

  • Frequent fevers or infections
  • Persistent pain and fatigue
  • Stomach pain or nausea
  • Abnormal periods or pelvic pain
  • Breast changes
  • Chronic cough or chest pain
  • Excessive bruising
  • Unusual lumps
  • Unexplained weight loss

Risk Factors of Cancer

Understanding the risk factors associated with cancer empowers individuals to make informed lifestyle choices conducive to health and well-being. Here are some common risk factors of cancer:

  • Being overweight or obese
  • Poor dietary habits
  • Alcohol intake
  • Tobacco use
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Radiation exposure

Cancer Prevention

Statistics suggest that 1 in 3 cancer cases could be prevented and the number of cancer deaths could be reduced by making healthy lifestyle choices. Here are some helpful tips to adopt a to adoto adopt proactive approach and reduce your risk of cancer:

  • Protect your Skin from Cancer
  • Avoid Processed Foods
  • Don’t Use tobacco
  • Avoid alcohol intake
  • Stay physically Active
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Eat a plant based diet
  • Practice safe sex
  • Get Vaccinated
  • Get recommended Cancer Screenings

As we strive to foster greater awareness and understanding of cancer, it is imperative to emphasize the role of prevention and early detection in mitigating its impact. By prioritizing lifestyle modifications, regular screenings, and proactive healthcare engagement, individuals can take meaningful steps towards reducing cancer incidence and improving outcomes. Let us unite in our efforts to promote cancer awareness, support those affected by the disease, and strive towards a future where cancer no longer poses a formidable threat to global health and well-being.

Cancer Treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Cancer symptoms differ based on the location of the disease. However, any irregular lump or unusual bleeding or discharge warrants evaluation by a specialist. Connect with our team of extensively trained experts at our Centre Cancer for comprehensive cancer management utilizing state-of-the-art technologies aligned with global benchmarks. Our team of oncologists and onco-surgeons collaborates closely with patients, providing a multi-disciplinary approach encompassing radiation therapy, chemotherapy, surgical interventions, and rehabilitation support.

Our advanced technology includes:

  • HIFU (High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound)
  • Minimal Access Surgery and Robotic Surgery for most cancers
  • Trilogy for radiotherapy, EdgeTM and Novalis Tx for Radiosugery
  • Latest Digital PET Scan for precise diagnosis

Consult our team of experts at our Centre for Cancer for preventive, diagnostic, medical and surgical treatment. Please find below the website details for further information:

The Anatomy of Back Pain

Thursday, February 1st, 2024

Young professionals, new mothers or the elderly, back pain is a common complaint that affects people across age groups. Medical statistics suggest that around 8.75 crore Indians suffer from lower back pain. Whether it’s a dull ache or a sharp, stabbing sensation, back pain can make it difficult to carry out everyday tasks. However, understanding the causes, warning signs, and potential treatment options can help you navigate this often debilitating condition.

Common Causes of Back Pain

Back pain can stem from various causes, ranging from minor muscle strains to more serious degenerative conditions. These include:

  • Muscle or Ligament Strain
    Repeated heavy lifting or sudden awkward movements can strain back muscles and spinal ligaments, leading to discomfort.
  • Degenerative Spondylolisthesis and Intervertebral Disk Degeneration
    These are age-related conditions that can cause chronic low back pain over time.
  • Arthritis
    Osteoarthritis can affect the lower back. Sometimes, arthritis affecting the spine can result in a condition known as spinal stenosis, which involves the narrowing of the space around the spinal cord.
  • Skeletal Irregularities
    Conditions like scoliosis, a curvature of the spine, can lead to back pain, but generally not until middle age.
  • Osteoporosis
    This condition can lead to compression fractures in your spine’s vertebrae, causing severe back pain.

Warning Signs and Red Flags of Back ache

While most back pain is benign, some symptoms may indicate a more serious condition requiring immediate medical attention:

  • Severe back pain that doesn’t get better with rest
  • Pain that radiates down one or both legs, especially if the pain extends below the knee
  • Unexplained weight loss, fever, or chills
  • Loss of bowel or bladder control
  • Back pain following a fall, blow to your back or other injury

Treatment Options for Back Pain

The treatment for back pain largely depends on the cause and severity. Here are some common treatment options:

  • Exercise and Physical Therapy
    Regular movement can help reduce stiffness and boost muscle strength, supporting the structures in the back.
  • Medication
    Over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs often help with mild to moderate back pain.
  • Complementary Therapies
    Some people find relief from complementary therapies like massage, acupuncture, spinal manipulation, yoga, and cognitive-behavioral therapy.
  • Surgery
    When required patients are suggested to undergo a spine surgery to help relieve their condition.

Prevention and Care Tips

Preventing back pain is easier than treating it. Here are some practical tips:

  • Maintain a Healthy Weight
    Extra weight can put pressure on your lower back. Keeping within a healthy weight range can help prevent back pain.
  • Stay Active
    Regular physical activity, particularly core-strengthening exercises, can keep your back muscles strong and flexible.
  • Mind Your Posture
    Good posture is crucial, whether you’re sitting, standing, or lifting objects.

Back pain can be complex and multifaceted, but understanding its causes, warning signs, and treatment options can help you manage it effectively.

Back Pain Treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Are you suffering from back pain and suppressing it with painkillers and rest? It is time for some detailed diagnosis. Consult highly trained spine experts at our Centre for Bone & Joint for further evaluation and diagnosis. We are equipped with state-of-the-art technology to help prevent, manage, treat and rehabilitate persons with a back injury. The team has conducted over 2472 spine surgeries in the past with successful outcomes and has also helped many patients heal with non-invasive techniques and rehabilitation care. Please find the below the link for further information: