Archive for 2024

Common Monsoon Diseases and Their Health Precautions

Tuesday, July 9th, 2024

As the first raindrops of the monsoon season hit the ground, the landscape transforms into a lush, green paradise. While the monsoon brings relief from the scorching summer heat and fills our rivers and lakes, it also ushers in a host of health challenges. The warm and humid climate of the monsoon season creates the perfect breeding ground for various pathogens, leading to an increase in infectious diseases. Understanding these common monsoon diseases and taking appropriate health precautions, especially for children, is essential to enjoy this season safely.

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Common Monsoon Diseases

  • Dengue Fever
    Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne viral disease caused by the Aedes mosquito, which thrives in stagnant water. It may show symptoms such as high fever, severe headache, pain behind the eyes, joint and muscle pain, as well as rashes. In severe cases, dengue can cause dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome, which needs immediate medical care.
  • Malaria
    Another mosquito-borne disease, malaria is caused by the Plasmodium parasite, transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito. Symptoms typically include high fever, chills, sweating, headache, nausea, and vomiting. If not treated promptly, malaria can lead to severe complications, including cerebral malaria and organ failure.
  • Leptospirosis
    Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection caused by contact with water or soil contaminated with the urine of infected animals, particularly rats. It is common during the monsoon when people wade through flooded areas. Symptoms range from mild fever, headache, and muscle pain to severe complications like kidney damage, liver failure, and meningitis.
  • Cholera
    Acute diarrheal sickness known as cholera is brought on by consuming food or water tainted with the Vibrio cholerae bacteria.It is highly contagious and can cause diarrhea, vomiting, muscle cramps or severe dehydration if not treated promptly.
  • Typhoid Fever
    Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection caused by Salmonella typhi, typically spread through contaminated food and water. Symptoms include prolonged fever, stomach pain, headache,weakness, and loss of appetite. Severe cases can lead to intestinal perforation and hemorrhage.
  • Viral Fever
    The monsoon season sees a spike in various viral infections that cause high fever, body aches, fatigue, and respiratory symptoms. Common viral infections include the flu and other respiratory viruses, which spread more easily due to the humid conditions and close human contact during the rainy season.
  • Hepatitis A
    Hepatitis A is a liver infection caused by the Hepatitis A virus, often spread through consumption of contaminated food and water. Symptoms include fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal pain, and jaundice. Good sanitation and hygiene practices can help prevent its spread.

General Monsoon Health Precautions

Children, pregnant women and the elderly are particularly vulnerable to monsoon diseases due to their weakened immune system. Here are some essential health precautions to keep them safe during the rainy season:

  • Avoid Stagnant Water
    Ensure that children stay away from stagnant water, which is a breeding ground for mosquitoes. Use mosquito nets, repellents, and ensure there are no water collections around your home.
  • Maintain Hygiene
    Teach children the importance of washing hands regularly with soap, especially before eating and after using the toilet. Good hand hygiene can prevent the spread of many infections.
  • Drink Clean Water
    Always provide children with boiled or filtered water to drink. Avoid giving them untreated water from unknown sources to prevent waterborne diseases like cholera and typhoid.
  • Eat Freshly Cooked Food
    Ensure that children consume freshly cooked meals and avoid street food, which may be contaminated. Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly before consumption.
  • Keep Surroundings Clean
    Maintain a clean living environment to prevent the breeding of mosquitoes and other pests. Dispose of garbage properly and ensure that drains are not clogged.
  • Proper Clothing
    Dress children in full-sleeved clothing and long pants to minimize mosquito bites. Using insect repellent on exposed skin can also provide an additional layer of protection.
  • Stay Dry and Warm
    Keep children dry during the rainy season to prevent fungal infections and common colds. Ensure they wear waterproof footwear and raincoats when going outside.
  • Boost Immunity
    Provide a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals to boost children’s immunity. Encourage them to consume seasonal fruits and vegetables that are high in nutrients.

It is essential to take regular health precautions to protect your family from the common monsoon diseases. If you or someone you know develops any serious symptoms of monsoon diseases you must seek medical care and not rely on home remedies. It is important to know the underlying cause behind a fever and seek appropriate care. Reach out to medical experts at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital to assist you with simple as well as complex health concerns. Call 022 42696969 for appointments or visit our website for further details:

What to Expect Before, During and After Cataract Surgery

Friday, June 28th, 2024

Cataract surgery is a medical procedure used to remove the lens of your eye when it becomes clouded, a condition known as a cataract. During the surgery, the clouded lens is replaced with a clear artificial lens, called an intraocular lens (IOL). This surgery is highly effective and safe and commonly performed to restore vision that has been impaired by cataracts, enhancing the quality of life for patients.

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Before Cataract Surgery

The journey to clear vision begins well before you enter the operating room. Initially, you may notice your vision becoming cloudy and colors appearing dull. This is due to the clouding of the lens in your eye, a hallmark of cataracts, making daily activities like reading or driving increasingly difficult. You must visit an eye specialist without delay.

Pre-Operative Evaluation

Eye specialists conduct a thorough examination to determine your candidacy for surgery. Your ophthalmologist will evaluate the size and location of the cataract, your overall eye health, and discuss any medications you’re taking that might need to be paused. You will also begin using antibiotic eye drops to minimize infection risks.

Choosing the Right Intraocular Lens (IOL)

A significant decision before surgery is selecting the appropriate type of IOL, the lens which will replaceyour clouded natural lens. Options include:

  • Monofocal IOLs for either near or farsightedness.
  • Multifocal IOLs to correct both, often eliminating the need for glasses.
  • Toric IOLs to correct astigmatism.

During Cataract Surgery

The procedure itself is quick and painless, thanks to local anesthesia. The different techniques include:

  • Intracapsular Technique
  • Extracapsular Technique
  • Phacoemulsification Technique

The most popular and safe technique today is Phacoemulsification also called as the laser technique. A small incision is made and the cataract is removed. Foldable intraocular lenses can be put inside the eye where they get unfolded. As this is a small and specific incision, stitches are not required. Typically, the actual surgery takes about 15 minutes, though preparation and recovery time will extend your stay at the surgical facility.

After Cataract Surgery

Recovery from cataract surgery tends to be swift compared to other eye procedures. Improved vision is often reported within the first day following the operation. Most individuals may need one to three days to rest and recuperate, although this duration can vary.Your vision might fluctuate during the initial days or weeks and should stabilize eventually. Follow these tips for a smoother recovery from cataract:

Tips for a Smoother Recovery from Cataract Surgery

  • Minimize strenuous Activities
  • Shield your Eyes from Irritants
  • Avoid direct contact with Water
  • Postpone Driving
  • Wear protective Glasses
  • Follow your Doctor’sadvice
  • Stay Hydrated

Follow-up visits are scheduled for intervals post-surgery – typically after one day, one week, one month, two months, and six months. During these appointments, your doctor will assess your healing progress and visual acuity. Most patients notice a significant improvement in their vision within a few days after surgery, with full recovery taking about a month.

Cataract Surgery at KokilabenDhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Cataract surgery can dramatically enhance your quality of life, allowing you to see the world with renewed clarity and preserving your vision. If you’re experiencing symptoms of cataracts, consider consulting specialists at our Department of Ophthalmology. For more information or to schedule a consultation, reach out to our ophthalmologists at the below link:

How Yoga Can Support Women’s Health

Thursday, June 20th, 2024

Yoga, an ancient practice with roots in Indian philosophy, has evolved over thousands of years and is now globally recognized not only as a form of exercise but also as a holistic approach to wellness. Particularly for women, yoga offers immense health benefits that cater to physical, emotional, and hormonal balance. Let us explore how yoga can be integrated into different stages of a woman’s life and discussyoga poses for the same.

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Yoga to Manage Hormones

Hormonal balance is crucial for overall health, and yoga can play a significant role in maintaining this equilibrium. Here are three yoga poses that are particularly effective:

  • Bridge Pose (Setu Bandhasana)
    This pose helps regulate the thyroid gland, which in turn balances estrogen levels and supports reproductive health.
  • Cobra Pose (Bhujangasana)
    By opening the chest and stimulating the thymus, this pose aids in the regulation of adrenal glands, enhancing mood and energy levels.
  • Child’s Pose (Balasana)
    This gentle forward fold is soothing and helps reduce stress and fatigue, which can positively affect hormonal health.

These poses contribute to reducing stress hormones like cortisol and adrenaline, promoting a more balanced hormonal state.

Yoga for Better Flexibility

Flexibility is a key component of physical health, and yoga offers an excellent way to enhance this:

  • Pigeon Pose (Eka Pada Rajakapotasana)
    Excellent for opening up the hips and lower back, increasing flexibility and reducing stiffness.
  • Seated Forward Bend (Paschimottanasana)
    Stretches the spine, hamstrings, and shoulders, promoting flexibility throughout the body.
  • Cat-Cow Stretch (Marjaryasana-Bitilasana)
    Improves flexibility in the spine, and relieves tension in the torso and neck.

Regular practice of these poses not only improves flexibility but also helps prevent injuries and enhances mobility.

Yoga for Strength Training

Yoga isn’t typically associated with strength training, but several poses are excellent for building core, upper, and lower body strength:

  • Plank Pose (Phalakasana)
    Builds endurance and strength in the core, shoulders, and arms.
  • Chair Pose (Utkatasana)
    Strengthens the thighs and buttocks while also engaging the core muscles.
  • Warrior II (Virabhadrasana II)
    Enhances the strength of the legs and arms, while opening the hips and chest.

These asanas challenge various muscle groups, ensuring a well-rounded strength-building workout.

Yoga for Back Health

Back pain is a common issue for many women, and yoga offers gentle, effective relief:

  • Downward-Facing Dog (Adho Mukha Svanasana)
    Stretches and strengthens the entire back and leg muscles, enhancing spinal and pelvic alignment.
  • Triangle Pose (Trikonasana)
    Strengthens the back and legs, stretches the muscles along the torso, and helps relieve back pain.
  • Locust Pose (Salabhasana)
    Strengthens the muscles in the lower back, aiding in posture improvement and pain relief.

 Yoga for Menstrual Health

Yoga can alleviate some of the discomfort associated with menstrual cycles:

  • Child’s Pose (Balasana)
    Relieves tension in the back and neck, and soothes cramping.
  • Supine Twist (Supta Matsyendrasana)
    Helps in relieving symptoms of bloating and cramps.
  • Camel Pose (Ustrasana)
    Opens up the front body, enhancing blood flow and reducing pain.

Yoga for Pregnancy

Prenatal yoga can be incredibly beneficial, helping to manage stress, build strength, and increase flexibility. Safe poses include:

  • Cat-Cow Stretch (Marjaryasana-Bitilasana)
    Promotes flexibility in the spine and helps relieve back pain during pregnancy.
  • Butterfly Pose (Baddha Konasana)
    Opens the hips and pelvis, preparing the body for childbirth.
  • Side Angle Pose (Parsvakonasana)
    Enhances stability and increases stamina.

These poses are safe for most pregnant women but should always be practiced with proper guidance.

Yoga for Menopause

Yoga during menopause can help manage symptoms such as hot flashes, mood swings, and insomnia:

  • Supported Bridge Pose (Setu Bandhasana)
    Can help regulate hormonal activity and promote relaxation.
  • Warrior I (Virabhadrasana I)
    Energizes the body and focuses the mind, helping to alleviate mood swings.
  • Forward Fold (Uttanasana)
    Calms the nervous system and can aid in sleep quality.

Yoga for Pelvic Floor

Strengthening the pelvic floor is crucial for bladder control, sexual health, and recovery after childbirth:

  • Mula Bandha (Pelvic Floor Lift)
    Directly engages and strengthens the pelvic floor muscles.
  • Bridge Pose (Setu Bandhasana)
    Strengthens the pelvic region and supports pelvic floor health.
  • Squat Pose (Malasana)
    Increases elasticity and strength in the pelvic floor, hips, and thighs.

Yoga is a valuable practice for women at all stages of life. By integrating yoga into your daily routine, you can embrace a practice that nurtures not just the body but also the mind and spirit, leading to a more balanced and healthier lifestyle. Whether you are a beginner or a seasoned practitioner, yoga can be a nurturing and empowering journey for every woman.

The Lifesaving Gift: How Blood Donation Makes a Difference

Friday, June 14th, 2024

Each year, World Blood Donor Day is observed in June to raise awareness about the critical importance of blood donations and to thank voluntary donors for their irreplaceable contribution. This day provides a vital opportunity to promote the practice of blood donation and educate the public on its profound societal impacts. Let us explore who can donate, why blood donation is crucial, the specific challenges faced in India, the safety of the procedure, and some lesser-known facts about blood donation.

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Who Can Donate Blood?

Blood donation is a simple act of kindness that can save lives, but not everyone is eligible to donate. Ideal candidates for blood donation must meet specific criteria to ensure the safety and health of both the donor and the recipient. Generally, donors should be:

  • Between 18 and 65 years old
  • Weighing at least 50 kg
  • In good health and free from any transmissible diseases
  • Not currently taking certain medications, such as antibiotics or anticoagulants

It is important to consult your doctor to determine individual eligibility if you have any existing health condition.

Why is Blood Donation useful?

Blood donation plays a pivotal role in the healthcare system. Every unit of blood can save up to three lives, as it can be separated into various components—red cells, plasma, and platelets—each used to treat different medical conditions. For instance, trauma victims, surgery patients, individuals with anemia, and cancer patients regularly require blood transfusions. Moreover, maintaining an adequate blood supply is crucial for emergency preparedness, ensuring that hospitals are equipped to handle unexpected situations.

The Gap in India

In India, the demand for blood consistently outstrips supply. Despite having a large population, the percentage of active blood donors is relatively low, resulting in a significant gap that can jeopardize lives, particularly in cases of emergencies, genetic blood disorders and for patients with chronic conditions. Sadly, India sees a mortality of up to 12,000 patients each day due to delayed access to blood transfusions.Cultural misconceptions, lack of awareness, and fears about the safety of donation procedures contribute to this shortfall. Addressing these issues through education and awareness campaigns is essential to increase donor participation rates.

Ensuring a Safe Procedure

Blood donation is a highly regulated and safe procedure. Health professionals screen all donors to minimize any health risks, and sterile, single-use equipment is employed to eliminate the risk of infections. Donors are advised to rest briefly after donating and are often provided with snacks and fluids to help them recover quickly. The whole process usually takes less than an hour, and donors leave with the satisfaction of having potentially saved lives.

Essential Facts about Blood Donation

  • Universal Donors and Recipients: Individuals with O-negative blood are considered universal donors, as their blood can be transfused to almost any patient. Conversely, those with AB-positive blood are universal recipients.
  • Health Benefits for Donors: Regular blood donation can help in iron regulation in the body, potentially reducing the risk of heart disease.
  • Rapid Regeneration: The human body is capable of replenishing the blood volume donated within 48 hours, and red blood cells are completely replaced within one to two months.
  • Limitations on Frequency: Men can donate blood once every three months, while women can donate every four months, ensuring that the donor remains healthy and the blood supply is sustainable.


Blood donation is not just a noble act; it’s a crucial one that supports the essence of our healthcare system. It embodies the true spirit of giving back to the society by directly contributing to saving lives. We encourage everyone eligible to consider becoming a donor. The process is safe, relatively quick, and culminates in immense personal satisfaction, knowing that you are part of a life-saving chain of donors. Reach out to our Blood Bank for further assistance at the link below:

Understanding Brain Tumors: Symptoms and Treatment

Friday, June 7th, 2024

Brain tumors are among the most daunting diagnoses, both for patients and their families. They can occur at any age, and the symptoms and treatment options may vary widely depending on several factors, including the age of the patient and the tumor’s location and type. India sees around 14 lakh new brain tumour cancer cases each year. Out of these, almost 20% cases occur in children.

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What is a Brain Tumor?

A brain tumor occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain. There main two types include: malignant or cancerous tumors and benign tumors. Primary brain tumors originate in the brain itself or in tissues close to it, such as in the brain-covering membranes (meninges), cranial nerves, or the pituitary gland.

Brain Tumors in Children

A child with a brain tumor may often present symptoms that differ from adults. Common symptoms in children include:

  • Headaches, often worse in the morning
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sudden onset of seizures
  • Unexplained clumsiness or lack of coordination
  • Changes in personality or behavior
  • Difficulty with recent memory, speech, or vision

Treatment for pediatric brain tumors often involves a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The approach depends on the type of the tumor, its location, and how aggressive it is. Children might also need rehabilitation to help regain lost motor skills and speech functions.

Brain Tumors in Adults

Adults experiencing brain tumors might notice different symptoms, often related to the tumor’s location in the brain. These can include:

  • Persistent headaches
  • Seizures
  • Progressive loss of sensation or movement in an arm or a leg
  • Unexplained nausea or vomiting
  • Vision problems, such as blurred vision, double vision
  • Speech difficulties
  • Confusion in everyday matters
  • Personality or behavior changes
  • Hearing problems

As with children, the primary treatments for brain tumors in adults are surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. However, the treatment plan for adults may be influenced by additional factors such as the patient’s overall health, potential side effects, and whether the tumor has spread.

Diagnostic Techniques

Diagnosis of a brain tumor usually begins with a neurological examination followed by imaging tests such as MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) or CT (Computed Tomography) scans. These tests are crucial in determining the location and size of the tumor.

In some cases, a biopsy may be performed to determine whether the tumor is malignant or benign. This involves removing a small sample of brain tissue, usually during surgery.

Treatment Modalities

  • Surgery
    The first line of treatment for accessible brain tumors is often surgery. The goal is to remove as much of the tumor as possible without damaging the surrounding brain tissue.
  • Radiation Therapy
    This treatment uses high-energy beams, such as X-rays or protons, to kill tumor cells. It is often used after surgery to destroy any remaining cancerous cells.
  • Chemotherapy
    Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill tumor cells, usually given if the tumor returns or if surgery and radiation were not successful.
  • Targeted Therapy
    This newer form of cancer therapy uses drugs or other substances to precisely identify and attack cancer cells, usually while doing little damage to normal cells.

Brain Tumor Treatment at KokilabenDhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai

Your brain tumor treatment depends on the type of brain tumor you have, as well as its size and location. The usual treatment for brain tumour includes surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy. Generally, radiation and chemotherapy treatments are used as secondary treatments for tumors. However, in rare cases, radiation and chemotherapy may be used without surgery if the tumor is inoperable.

Consult the dedicated team of neurosurgeons, medical oncologists, paediatric oncologists and radiation oncologists at our Centre for Neurosciences. We are equipped to treat brain tumors with great surgical expertise and advanced technologies. Our team also uses the latest operative advances with navigation, awake surgery techniques, neurophysiology monitoring with MEP and SSEP, radiosurgery and stereotactic radiotherapy. The team has successfully performed over 1900 surgeries in the past.  For further assistance on brain tumor care, please visit our below website link: