Archive for March, 2018

5 Summer Fruits and their Mind-Blowing Benefits

Tuesday, March 27th, 2018

Summer has arrived in all its glitz and glory and it brings with it soaring temperatures and an insatiable craving for ice-creams! While it is alright to give in to these cravings once in a while, what one needs to remember is that having fruits is what will keep you healthy and hydrated during this season.

We’ve compiled a list of 5 summer fruits and their mind-blowing benefits. Take a look!


While apples are regarded as a superfood, pears shouldn’t be left far behind. Not many are aware that a single Pear has more fibre than an apple, comparable Vitamin C and just a little more carbs and calories. Pears are great for the overall health of your body. In addition to controlling blood sugar levels, this fab fruit also aides in digestion and boosts your immune system.

Sweet Lime

Sweet Lime, also known as Mosambi, is a rich source of Vitamin C. The acids in this fruit helps flush out toxins from your bowel tract. If you’re prone to constipation, this is one fruit you should have on a regular basis as it contains a high amount of dietary fibre. The juice of Sweet Lime has the ability to keep you cool while you face the blazing heat of summer which is why it is a must-have.


Watermelon has 92% water content and it is rich with a variety of nutrients! Each juicy bite that you take of this fruit has significant levels of Vitamins A, B6 and C. What’s more? This quintessential summer fruit is also fat-free! Recent studies have found that watermelon seeds are wonderfully nutritious too, that is, they are high in potassium, magnesium and Vitamin B.


Next on this list is Papaya. This one is considered to be an all-round summer fruit. In addition to soothing sunburn and reducing tan, Papaya also lowers blood pressure and aides in digestion. You can eat it, apply it on your skin and even make a hair pack of it! It’s also a great fruit to include in your weight loss diet!


This list would be incomplete without the ultimate summer fruit that children as well as adults wait for all year long! Mangoes taste so good that people often forget that they have several health benefits too. You can mix the juice of green mango with water and add a sweetener to cool down your body and prevent harm from heat. What’s more? Vitamins A and C in this fruit helps keep your immune system healthy and strong!

The above-mentioned fruits are not only healthy to consume, but also a delight for your taste buds! Have more to add to this list? We’d love to know in the comments below.

Tuberculosis & its 2 Types

Saturday, March 24th, 2018

Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious disease that is caused by bacteria and it spreads through the air from person to person. While it is preventable and curable, it can be fatal if it is not treated properly. According to the 2017 Global TB Report released by WHO, India continues to have the highest cases of Tuberculosis in the world. When a person infected with lung TB coughs, sneezes or spits, he/she propels TB germs into the air. One only needs to inhale a few of these germs to become infected. The most common symptoms of TB are night sweats, fever, cough, weight loss, fatigue and loss of appetite.

There are two types of Tuberculosis – Latent TB and Active TB. Let’s find out more about these two types!

Latent TB occurs when a person is infected with the TB bacteria, albeit in small numbers. People suffering from latent TB do not feel sick and experience none of the above-mentioned symptoms. They aren’t infectious either. What’s more? These people normally have a normal chest x-ray and in high-burden TB countries such as India, a majority of people are believed to have latent TB.

Active TB, on the other hand, is a lot more dangerous especially if the person doesn’t receive timely treatment. In active TB, the TB bacteria rapidly multiplies and invades different organs of the body. A person with active TB may spread TB to others by airborne transmission of infectious germs. If you have been diagnosed with active TB, you will need to give a detailed history of every person whom you may have come in contact with as it is likely that they may have contracted the disease too.

One in 10 people who are infected with TB develop active TB at some point in their lives. According to a World Health Organization (WHO) estimate, 8 million people develop active TB each year. Kokilaben Hospital’s Pulmonary Medicine department helps diagnose and treat various respiratory diseases including TB. We have a state-of-the-art Pulmonary Function Testing Lab for comprehensive lung function testing.

There is also something known as drug-resistant TB which means that the bacteria in your body won’t be affected by certain drugs. When this happens, you will have to use a second line of drugs that are not only costlier, but also cause more side-effects. The easiest way to prevent TB is by stopping the spread of the bacteria from one person to another.

Tour Diaries with Christopher Pedra

Wednesday, March 14th, 2018
Day 4

Unfortunately today didn’t go our way. It was always going to be a huge challenge facing the world no.1 in the first round, but obviously that’s sport, sometimes you come up against the toughest competition out there. Ideally this would have happened in a later round with a little rhythm under the belt, but the draw was never in our hands.

The other sure fact in sport is that there always has to be a loser. So the week didn’t go our way result-wise, but from my side, I was happy that Saina felt physically good on the court. After the 5-6 weeks of rehab leading up to this tournament, it’s a small victory to come out of the other side without any aggravation of what has been a chronic string of injuries for Saina stretching back to August 2016. And as I’ve said, the progress she has made from 6 weeks ago can only be a positive leading up to Commonwealth Games.

The game itself was a good one to watch. The first game didn’t start out as well as Saina would have liked, but the second game was very positive. As usual, there are generally a number of factors involved in the overall performance. Having chatted to Saina after the game, she felt her movement was better than it has been, but maybe the fact that we had to focus on rehab, she maybe didn’t get to do enough high intensity training in the build up.

So we’ll take the positives out of the week and move forward with the next goal in mind. Saina was always getting stronger, but now we can work more on speed, agility and conditioning.

Until next time.

Tour Diaries with Christopher Pedra

Tuesday, March 13th, 2018
Day 3

Fortunately the sleep is getting better, everyone seems to be rising later every day, which as an athlete, helps to plan the rest of the day when you’re on a normal schedule.

Saina had a quiet morning concentrating on good nutrition, rest and relaxation. The day before the tournament starts it is important that she is really fresh both mentally and physically, so being able to rest and relax is paramount. We did a light cardio and full body session in the gym, followed by some passive recovery before the evening session.

The Indian team had the arena courts booked from 9pm, which gave everyone a decent amount of time to prepare. The downside being that the games start as early as 9am which means less than 12 hours of recovery between tonight and tournament play. Not ideal. As it turns out Saina is off at around 10.30am tomorrow (third on court), so really not great timing, but this is the world of professional sport. Regardless, Saina and the rest of the team had a good concise session, before racing through a quick recovery routine, a small high protein meal, and getting to sleep.

Huge match to tomorrow to kick things off – World number one Tai Tzu Ying from Taiwan. Let’s hope all the hard work clicks and we get the result the country is looking for!

Tour Diaries with Christopher Pedra

Monday, March 12th, 2018
Day 2

Another early start on a pretty miserable and cold English day, the change in time zones is certainly still a factor.

We had a good breakfast, and ended up chatting with Gopi (Head National Coach) and a senior badminton official afterwards about everything from fast cars, corruption, the history of the All England Championship (Gopi famously won here while still a player), to the state of cricket in South Africa – which incidentally is quite good!

The allocated on-court practice time for the Indian team was 12-1pm. So after breakfast we rested for a bit before getting to the gym for some activation and warm-up. These sessions are pretty routine (we don’t really want to change much in a tournament week), with a few added extras based on how Saina is feeling.

The arena is close by, but even a 5-10min walk can seem quite a bit further in ice cold rain. By the time we got to the courts I think the entire team had probably cooled down to the extent that they needed another thorough warm up. The session was always going to be a little lighter than normal practice, again, on a count of the proximity to the first match. The practice surface at the arena is also very hard (harder than the courts will be), so that is also a factor in going a little easier.

The practice session itself was good, with a lot of high intensity skill work. Saina informs me that Gopi has a way of always mixing it up just a little to keep it beneficial. All the Indian players are looking in good shape going into Wednesday.

Besides the Indian players, it was nice to see some of the other players (Thailand, China and Malaysia were practicing at the same time). Watching a legend like Lee Chong Wei who is still impressive at the age of 35 was awesome. Chen Long is also obviously very impressive. It was good to get to chat to a few of the other physio’s as well, understanding what colleagues are going though, hearing about different approaches and communication surrounding Sports Medicine in general is a key in the progression we are making as a profession.

Post-session recovery included some stretching, active recovery in the cold, and a great high protein meal. The afternoon nap couldn’t have come at a better time!

The rest of the day was very relaxed, we’re in real preparation mode now – resting, napping, a decent dinner and some some tissue before bed for Saina will hopefully see her nice and fresh for tomorrow’s on court session. Tomorrow is going to be tricky to plan as we still don’t know what time Saina is playing on Wednesday (schedule only comes out on Tuesday). The Indian team has only been allocated on-court practice at 9.30pm – so we’re hoping for a later start on Wednesday!

On a personal note – I kept my run until the evening. Not sure it was the best idea though, as it was freezing and raining and the roads were slippery as anything, so it didn’t last very long…

Another early start tomorrow so I’m off to bed.