Prostate cancer is one of the leading cancers in India that usually affects men in the age group of 65 years and above. However, recently there has been an increase in reports of cancer in younger men below 65 years of age residing in metropolitan cities. Increasing age, obesity, improper diet habits, lack of exercise and genetic alterations have been identified by experts as the main contributing factors towards prostate cancer.
Most often, the symptoms of prostate cancer are either ignored or neglected, leading to advanced stages of the cancer. Doctors warn against delay in diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer as it can prove fatal. It is important to know your family history, understand the common symptoms of prostate cancer and be regular with screening tests.
What is Prostate Cancer?
The prostate is a small gland in the male reproductive system, responsible for producing seminal fluid that nourishes and transports the sperm. Prostate cancer occurs when abnormal cells in the prostate gland start to grow uncontrollably. While it is generally a slow-growing cancer, it can be aggressive in some cases, making early detection and prevention crucial.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
The common symptoms include:
- Urinary Problems
- Erectile Dysfunction
- Blood in the urine or semen
- Pain and discomfort in the lower back, hips, or pelvis
- Unexplained weight loss and persistent fatigue
Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer
While the exact cause of prostate cancer is not known, several risk factors increase the likelihood of developing the disease, which include:
Prostate cancer is more common in older men especially those above 65 years of age.
- Family History
Men with a family history of prostate cancer, especially in close relatives like fathers or brothers, are at higher risk.
- Dietary Factors
A diet high in red meat and low in fruits and vegetables may increase the risk of prostate cancer.
Being overweight or obese is associated with a higher risk of developing advanced prostate cancer.
Preventive Measures for Prostate Cancer
Medical experts recommend these essential lifestyle changes and tips to reduce your risk of prostate cancer:
- Dietary Changes
Focus on a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, whole grains, and lean proteins.
- Exercise Regularly
Engaging in regular physical activity not only helps maintain a healthy weight but may also reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
- Limit Red Meat and Dairy
Reducing the consumption of red meat and dairy products, particularly high-fat varieties, may lower the risk of prostate cancer.
- Maintain a Healthy weight
Obesity highly increases your risk of getting aggressive prostate cancer. Maintain a healthy weight through a combination of diet and exercise.
- Screening and Early Detection
Regular screenings are vital, especially for men with a family history of prostate cancer or those over the age of 50. Discuss with your healthcare provider when to start prostate cancer screenings, such as the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test.
- Know your Family History
Understanding your family’s medical history can help you and your healthcare provider assess your risk accurately.
- Reduce Stress
Chronic stress can weaken the immune system and potentially contribute to the development of cancer. Find ways to cope better with stress through yoga, meditation, self-care, etc.
- Avoid Smoking and Quit Alcohol
Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption has been linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer. Quit today.
Prostate Cancer Treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital
Prostate cancer awareness is essential for every man, as early detection and prevention can make a significant difference in the outcome of the disease. The team of specialists at our Centre for Cancer provides high-quality, evidence-based comprehensive and personalised care for prostate cancer. Regular check-ups and a commitment to a healthy lifestyle can go a long way in protecting your prostate health.
Our Uro-Oncology teams have successfully treated more than 500 prostate cancer patients in the past using state-of-the-art da Vinci Robotic Surgery and radiation techniques. Our multidisciplinary team consists of a uro-oncologist, medical oncologist, radiation oncologist and onco pathologist and radiologist for prompt decisions and faster treatment. Please find below our website link for more details: https://kokilabenhospital.com/departments/centresofexcellence/centrefor_cancer/prostatecancer.html