Archive for 2021

Antibiotics Awareness

Tuesday, November 23rd, 2021

According to the State of the World’s Antibiotics 2021 study antibiotic use in India has increased dramatically, with a 30 percent increase in per capita use over the last decade, raising worries about widespread and growing antibiotic resistance.

Spread awareness, stop resistance

Every year, between November 18 and 24 the world observes World Antimicrobial Awareness Week (WAAW). It helps raise awareness about global antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and encourages best practises among the general public, health workers, farmers, animal health professionals, and policymakers to prevent the spread of drug-resistant infections.

What is antibiotic resistance?

Antibiotics are medicines used to kill bacteria. Over time, certain groups of these germs may adapt to these medicines and change in such a way that antibiotics can′t kill them. This is called antibiotic resistance. Bacteria are very small organisms and some of them are harmless and may be helpful. But some of these germs can be harmful, they multiply inside your body, and can cause disease. Before antibiotics were introduced, people often got very sick from bacterial infections. With these medicines, it is now easy to treat many infections and save lives too.

Antibiotic resistance is increasing at an alarming rate across the world. New resistance mechanisms are arising and spreading throughout the world, posing a danger to our ability to treat common infectious diseases. As antibiotics become less efficient, an increasing variety of infections — including pneumonia, tuberculosis, blood poisoning, gonorrhoea, and foodborne diseases – are becoming more difficult, if not impossible, to cure. Antibiotic resistance is jeopardising contemporary medicine’s gains. Without appropriate antibiotics for prophylaxis and treatment, organ transplantation, chemotherapy, and procedures such as caesarean sections may become substantially more risky.

How to prevent Antibiotic Resistance?

Antibiotics operate by combating bacterial illnesses. They have the ability to kill germs or make it more difficult for bacteria to develop and multiply. Bacteria can adapt and create new structures that make them resistant to antibiotics when we abuse or overuse them. Viral infections, such as the common cold, flu, most sore throats, and ear infections, are the most prevalent causes of illness that are resistant to medications. These infections do not need antibiotics.

The process of antibiotic resistance is accelerated by the misuse and overuse of antibiotics, as well as poor infection prevention and control measures. It is important to use antibiotics responsibly and take steps at all levels of society to reduce the impact and limit the spread of resistance. Here are a few precautions to take:

  • Use antibiotics only when prescribed by a certified health professional.
  • Do not use antibiotics for viral infections.
  • Never demand antibiotics if your doctor says you don’t need them.
  • Always follow your doctor’s advice when using antibiotics.
  • Never share or use leftover antibiotics.
  • Prepare and store food hygienically, and choose foods that have been produced without the use of antibiotics for growth promotion or disease prevention in healthy animals.

Key facts

Antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest challenges to global health, food security, and development today. Anyone, of any age, in any country, can be affected. Antibiotic resistance occurs naturally, but human and animal overuse of antibiotics accelerates the process. Antimicrobial consumption in animals is nearly three times that of humans and is a primary driver of the scale-up in animal protein production. As antibiotics used to treat TB, pneumonia, gonorrhoea, and salmonellosis become less effective, these infections are becoming more difficult to cure.

Health precautions

No one can completely avoid the risk of resistant infections, however people with a low immunity, or those suffering from existing health conditions are at a greater risk. We will lose the ability to treat illnesses and handle public health problems if antibiotics lose their effectiveness. Here are a few ways to help prevent the spread of all bacterial infections:

  • Always wash your hands with soap and water.
  • Don’t share food or beverages with others.
  • Practice safe sex.
  • Use tissues to cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing.
  • Don’t touch open wounds.
  • Stay away from sick people.
  • Don’t share personal items such as razors, towels, or brushes.

Use antibiotics responsibly for your and everyone’s safety.

COPD Awareness

Wednesday, November 17th, 2021

India has around 30 million Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients and it also contributes to the second-highest mortality from this disease. COPD claimed the lives of roughly 1 million people in 2017 in India. The rising pollution levels in the last two to three decades has contributed to this increased numbers. COPD is an incurable and progressive disease that causes inflammation in the lungs’ airways and the destruction of the air sacs that take oxygen from the air and discharge waste, such as carbon dioxide. COPD makes breathing more difficult with time. Although lung damage cannot be reversed, medication and lifestyle modifications can help you manage this condition.

Symptoms of COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, describes a group of lung conditions that make it difficult to empty air out of the lungs because the airways have become narrowed. It is caused over a period of time due to exposure to irritants that damage your lungs and airways. As COPD progresses gradually, it becomes increasingly difficult to breathe over time. The two most common conditions of COPD are chronic bronchitis and emphysema. The most common symptoms include:

  • Persistent cough with mucus.
  • Difficulty taking a deep breath.
  • Shortness of breath with mild exercise.
  • Becoming tired easily.
  • Wheezing.

If you experience any of these symptoms, see a specialist for further diagnosis and treatment. Do not delay seeking medical care or dismiss the symptoms as regular cough. COPD is a chronic lung disease that has no cure. The damage done to your lungs is irreversible but you can slow the disease’s progression by administering medications that improve quality of life and alleviate symptoms.

Risk factors of COPD

Long-term exposure to allergens and toxins in the air can lead to COPD. Smoking is the biggest risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The majority of COPD cases in western countries are caused by tobacco use, but most COPD cases in the developing world, including India, are caused by exposure to indoor and outdoor air pollution, notably burning biomass, such as wood and cow dung. Here are the most common risk factors of this disease:

  • Smoking tobacco.
  • Breathing second-hand smoke.
  • Long-term exposure to air pollution.
  • Workplace exposure to chemicals, fumes and dust.
  • A genetic condition called Alpha-1 deficiency.
  • A history of childhood respiratory infection.

Living with COPD

This condition has no permanent cure. However, there are certain things you can do to maintain your health and alleviate your symptoms. COPD patients must make these positive lifestyle changes to help improve their quality of life:

  • Quit smoking.
  • Avoid smoke, fumes, dust, and air pollution as much as you can.
  • Practice breathing exercises.
  • Stay active.
  • Take your medications as prescribed.
  • Get regular checkups.
  • Eat a healthy diet.

COPD treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

The Department of Pulmonary Medicine at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital provides the full spectrum of care and treatment for respiratory diseases like COPD. Our world-class multidisciplinary team of doctors, pulmonologists, nurses, lab technicians, and support staff provides cutting-edge treatment and exemplary care in a comforting ambience full of personalized attention. We are equipped with an Ultra Modern Pulmonary Function Lab for Spirometry, Lung Volumes, Diffusion Capacity, 6-minute walk test, and oxygen saturation. The right facilities and the right experts can help you breathe easier. We also have an advanced physical rehabilitation therapy department for assistance with chest physiotherapy and other rehabilitation therapy. Please find below our website link for further information:

Diabetes Care

Saturday, November 13th, 2021

Diabetes affects one out of every ten persons worldwide. India has 72.9 million adults affected by this silent epidemic, making it the country with the second most diabetes patients. With almost 116 million diabetics, China tops the list. If you have diabetes, your body is unable to properly digest and utilise glucose obtained from your diet. There are different types of diabetes, each with its own set of causes, but they all have one thing in common: too much glucose in the bloodstream. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed, hence it is important to raise awareness about this disease and find ways to reduce your risk.

Types of Diabetes

Diabetes develops when your body’s cells are unable to absorb sugar (glucose) and utilise it for energy. Extra sugar builds up in your system as a result of this. Diabetes that is not well controlled can have serious health complications, including damage to a variety of organs and tissues in your body, including your heart, kidneys, eyes, and nerves. The different types of diabetes include:

  • Type 1 diabetes
    This condition is an autoimmune disease, meaning your body attacks itself. The insulin-producing cells in your pancreas are damaged in this situation. Type 1 diabetes affects up to 10% of patients with diabetes. It is most commonly diagnosed in children and young people, and it is also known as “juvenile” diabetes. People with Type 1 diabetes must take insulin on a daily basis.
  • Type 2 diabetes
    With this type, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or your body’s cells don’t respond normally to the insulin. It is the most common type of diabetes and up to 95% of people with diabetes have Type 2.
  • Prediabetes
    This type is the stage before Type 2 diabetes. Your blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be officially diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes.
  • Gestational diabetes
    This type develops in some women during their pregnancy. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after pregnancy. However, for some women it may increase your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later on in life.

Symptoms of Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes symptoms often appear gradually over several years and are so minor that you may not even notice them. The following are the most prevalent symptoms of type 2 diabetes that should be investigated further:

  • Frequent urination
  • Feeling very thirst and hungry
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Having a blurry vision
  • Numbness or tingling of hands or feet
  • Feel very tired
  • Slow healing wounds

Risk factors for Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is known to have a substantial hereditary component, meaning it runs in families. Your chances of getting this disease increase considerably if you have a parent, brother, or sister who has it. Apart from your family history, the below factors highly increase your risk of getting type 2 diabetes:

  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Prediabetes
  • Unhealthy food habits
  • High alcohol intake
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Being obese or overweight
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Diabetes complications

Diabetics are at a higher risk of having a variety of major health conditions. High blood glucose levels over time can lead to significant disorders of the heart and blood vessels, as well as the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and teeth. In addition, people with diabetes are more likely to contract infections. Diabetes is a leading cause of cardiovascular illness, blindness, kidney failure, and lower limb amputation too. Monitor your blood sugar levels regularly to help delay or prevent diabetic complications. Here are the most common health complications seen in diabetics:

  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Pregnancy complications
  • Diabetic foot disease

Preventive Diabetes care

You may be able to avoid or delay the onset of diabetes if you are at risk. Making healthy lifestyle changes on time will help reduce your risk of getting type 2 diabetes. Here are some of the recommended preventive measures:

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Follow a healthy diet plan
  • Exercise regularly
  • Quit smoking
  • Monitor your health numbers
  • Know your risk

Diabetes care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Diabetes is a chronic disease that can lead to serious complications if not treated effectively by a specialist. Consult highly trained and experienced doctors at our Centre for Diabetes and Bariatric Surgery for a multidisciplinary approach. Our team helps you learn everything you need to know about diabetes prevention, care, treatment, and management. From diagnosis to diet plan to obesity management our doctors look into everything. Although there is currently no treatment for diabetes, regulating your blood sugar levels can help you live a healthier life. Early diagnosis and treatment is the best way to reduce the risk of developing diabetes-related complications. Please find below our website details for further information:

Healthy Diwali

Wednesday, November 3rd, 2021

Diwali – the “Festival of Lights” is here which is celebrated with much fervour across India. It’s the time of the year when we meet family and friends and consume varieties of festive sweets and snacks. During these moments, though, we frequently neglect how our health may be impacted by the activities we engage in. Let us take the required health precautions to ensure that this Diwali remains happy and healthy for one and all.

During the festival, the delicious sweets and dishes are mouth-watering and lip-smacking and simply leave us wanting for more. However, oily, unhealthy and chemical laden sweets and treats can lead to health issues like bloating, constipation and may also cause weight gain. It may also cause an increase in blood sugar levels and cholesterol levels or increase your risk of heart disease. The high levels of noise and air pollution tend to disturb pregnant women, the elderly and newborn children. Let us pledge to celebrate an eco-friendly Diwali now and always. Celebrate consciously and prioritize your health this Diwali. Here are a few health tips to follow to ensure that you and your family have a healthy and safe Diwali:

  • Eat healthy
    Love snacking on calorie-rich Diwlai treats and sweets? Instead choose low-calorie sweets, nuts and fruits. It is advisable to eat homemade delicacies than store-bought and processed foods. Keeping note of when you eat, what you eat, and practicing portion control is recommended.
  • Limit intake of oily foods
    This Diwali make smart and healthy choices and avoid eating deep fried unhealthy foods. Choose to make roasted snacks or bake them instead of frying them, this will help reduce oil consumption. 
  • Avoid overeating
    People often tend to overeat on occasions or festivities. However, binge eating at any point in time will leave you with unwanted discomfort, acid reflux and indigestion. It may also disturb your sleep pattern, and further affect your hormones and metabolism.
  • Stay hydrated
    One of the best ways to stay hydrated during these festive days is to drink plenty of water. Water cleanses the body of all toxic waste materials while providing energy during the festivities.
  • Avoid alcohol intake
    It is best to avoid alcoholic beverages as they harm your liver and heart health and increase your risk of cancer too. Instead choose to sip on freshly made juices or plain water.
  • Celebrate an eco-friendly Diwali
    Pledge to make this Diwali noise-free and smoke-free and enjoyable for one and all. Crackers are associated not only with air pollution but noise pollution as well. It harms the hearing skills of the elderly and also triggers many respiratory infections. Light up this Diwali with earthen diyas instead of bursting crackers.
  • Supervise young children
    Still bursting crackers? You must ensure that young children are supervised by adults while bursting crackers. Always wear cotton clothes and keep a first-aid kit handy for any accidental burn injuries.
  • Don’t forget to Exercise
    Too busy to skip your daily exercise regime? Start your day with a short walk or a little bit of stretching. This helps you stay energized throughout the day and helps maintain a healthy weight.

Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital wishes you and your family a happy and safe Diwali. Our team is dedicated to ensure your safety across the year with our medical expertise. Our Accident and Emergency team is accessible 24/7 to respond to any medical emergencies, call on 022 42699999 for emergency services. Please find the below link for our Centre for Accident & Emergency:

Why Stroke Awareness Matters

Friday, October 29th, 2021

One Indian suffers a brain stroke every 20 seconds, or three every minute, and the numbers are rising rapidly due to changing lifestyles! Around 1.54 million Indians are affected by a stroke each year at this rate, and the worst part is that 90% of stroke patients do not arrive at the hospital on time.

A stroke can happen to anyone, at anytime and anywhere. It occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts (or ruptures). When that happens, a section of the brain cannot get the blood and oxygen it needs, so it and brain cells die. Today stroke is the leading cause of disability worldwide and the second leading cause of death. Many stroke survivors face significant challenges that include physical disability, communication problems, changes in how they think and feel, loss of work, income, and social networks. In extreme cases, stroke may prove fatal too.

What are the Types of Stroke?

A stroke occurs due to a decrease or blockage in the brain’s blood supply. A person experiencing a stroke needs immediate emergency treatment. There are three main types of stroke:

  • Ischemic stroke
    This makes up to 87% of all cases. A blood clot prevents blood and oxygen from reaching an area of the brain.
  • Hemorrhagic stroke
    This occurs when a blood vessel ruptures. These are usually the result of aneurysms or arteriovenous malformations (AVMs).
  • Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
    This occurs when blood flow to a part of the brain is inadequate for a brief period of time, and the symptoms resolve without treatment.

Warning Signs of Stroke

When you suffer a stroke, the blood supply to your brain is cut off. To avoid brain damage, incapacity, or even death, you must seek treatment as soon as possible. Watch out for these warning signs of stroke using the FAST test:

  • Face
    Smile and see if one side of the face droops.
  • Arms
    Raise both arms, are you noticing weakness?
  • Speech
    Check if the speech is slurring.
  • Time
    If the answer to any of these is yes, call emergency medical help.

If you think you or someone you know is suffering from a stroke you must contact our emergency services on
022 42699999.

Stroke Prevention Measures

Up to 90% of strokes could be prevented by addressing a small number of risk factors. These include:

  • Hypertension
    Monitor your blood pressure levels as untreated hypertension damages blood vessels and can lead to a number of serious diseases including stroke.
  • Exercise
    Just 30 minutes of exercise five times a week can reduce your risk of stroke by 25%. Be regular with your exercise regime.
  • Eat healthy
    Over half of the strokes are linked to a poor diet but making small dietary changes can help change this. Making healthy food choices will help maintain a healthy weight, reduce your blood pressure and lower your cholesterol, thus reducing your stroke risk.
  • Weight
    Being overweight is one of the top ten risk factors for stroke and is associated with almost 1 in 5 strokes. Maintaining a healthy weight will help you reduce your risk of stroke.
  • Atrial Fibrillation
    This is a condition where the heartbeat is irregular and often very fast. It is very important to know about atrial fibrillation and treat it as it may pose a major risk factor for stroke.
  • Smoking
    Smoking tobacco increases your risk of having a stroke by two times than a non-smoker. Quit smoking.
  • Alcohol
    Drinking too much alcohol may increase your risk of stroke, globally excessive alcohol consumption is linked to over 1 million strokes each year. Say “No” to alcohol.
  • Cholesterol
    Stroke is linked to high levels of LDL cholesterol. Cholesterol levels must be monitored regularly so that they can be managed with lifestyle changes or medication.
  • Diabetes
    1 in 5 people who have a stroke are diabetic and people with diabetes have poorer outcomes from stroke compared to others. Diabetes can be managed with medication, diet, and exercise.
  • Depression and stress
    Depression and stress are linked to almost two times greater risk of stroke particularly in adults who are middle-aged and older.

Stroke treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

A Stroke is a complex medical issue and minutes matter in treating stroke. Recognizing the signs of stroke early, treating it as a medical emergency with admission to a specialized stroke unit, and access to advanced medical care can substantially improve outcomes. The Stroke Unit at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital offers a comprehensive stroke care programme for the management of acute and chronic stroke patients and offers the fastest emergency care. The Multidisciplinary team of experts help in the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation care of stroke patients using high-end technological expertise. Please find below our website link for further information about our Centre for Neurosciences: