Archive for the ‘ Healthcare ’ Category

Alzheimer’s disease and Caregiving

Tuesday, September 20th, 2022

Alzheimer’s disease is a brain disorder that slowly destroys memory and thinking skills as well as the ability to carry out the simplest tasks. Symptoms of this condition typically begin to show in the majority of patients in their mid-60s. Early-onset Alzheimer’s occurs between a person’s 30s and mid-60s and is very rare. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia among older adults.

A research from the Alzheimer’s and Related Disorders Society of India (ARDSI) from 2020 estimates that over 50 lakh Indians over 60 have dementia. India’s burden would be much higher due to unawareness about the condition, under reporting and lack of diagnosis. Early diagnosis and treatment allows patients suffering from Alzheimer’s disease to maintain the highest levels of cognitive and functional ability possible.

Signs of Alzheimer’s disease

As Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive illness, the signs and symptoms appear gradually over a long period of time and then worsen. Multiple brain functions are impacted due to this condition. In most cases, mild memory issues are the initial indication of Alzheimer’s disease which get severe as the illness worsens. The additional symptoms include:

  • Confusion, disorientation and getting lost in familiar places
  • Difficulty making decisions
  • Problems with speech and language
  • Personality changes, such as becoming aggressive, demanding or suspicious
  • Problems moving around without assistance
  • Hallucinations and delusions
  • Low mood or anxiety

Caring for someone with Alzheimer’s disease

People with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias are usually cared for by family members, friends or trained medical assistants. Here are some expert recommended tips to assist caregivers:

  • Help make communication easier
    How you talk to the patient can make a great difference to his/ her response towards your care and your overall rapport. Good communication skills can give the patient a chance to participate in conversations and activities easily. Here are some strategies to make communication easier:
    • Maintain eye contact and smile
    • Address the patient by name
    • Use a relaxed body language
    • Speak with a soft, calming voice
  • Help them eat a nutritious diet
    Eat a variety of foods, especially fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and low-fat dairy. Limit intake of salt, sugar, processed and junk foods.
  • Boost their self-esteem
    Looking and feeling good can help alleviate some of the anxiety Alzheimer’s causes in patients. Make sure your patient has all the assistance they need to look their best.
  • Ensure the patient’s safety
    Is your house safe for your patient? Many everyday situations can make a person with Alzheimer’s feel unsafe or put them in actual danger. Follow these safety tips:
    • Place carpet or grip strips on stairs
    • Place covers over electrical outlets
    • Remove small rugs
    • Remove loose wires
    • Place handrails and mats in the shower
  • Plan right
    Schedule social gatherings and visitors for when your loved one is most capable of handling them. Too much stimulation or activity at the wrong time of day can be overwhelming for the patient.
  • Set a daily routine
    A daily routine and Alzheimer’s care go hand in hand, benefiting patients and caregivers alike. Whether it is going for a midday walk, solving puzzles, talking to loved ones or pursuing a hobby  provide patients with a sense of comfort and control over their lives and help them stay mentally and physically active.
  • Be patient
    Over time, a person with dementia will become more dependent. It is essential for the caregiver to be very patient and flexible and adapt your patient’s routine and expectations as needed.

Alzheimer’s care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Concerned about a loved one who has recently been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease? Consult highly trained and experienced neurologists and therapists at our Centre for Neurosciences. We undertake diagnostic tests, evaluation, neurology consultation, physical and cognitive rehabilitation, and psychotherapy to help manage this condition better. We are committed to provide world-class Alzheimer’s care and help make a positive difference in the patient’s life. Please visit our website for more details:

Lymphoma Awareness

Wednesday, September 14th, 2022

Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system. This condition develops in lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. These cells are crucial to the body’s immunological defences and aid in the battle against disease. The most frequent blood cancer found in adults is lymphoma, and it is also the third most frequent disease found in children. While the exact cause of lymphoma still remains unknown, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma occurs much more frequently in HIV-infected people than in the general population. Lymphoma cannot be prevented, but survival rates after timely treatment are promising.

Types of Lymphoma

The 2 primary types of lymphoma that are commonly seen include Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). They usually occur in both children and adults.

  • Hodgkin lymphoma
    Most people who suffer from Hodgkin lymphoma have the classic form. This form has large, abnormal lymphocytes (white blood cells) in their lymph nodes. This is usually a curable form of lymphoma.
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
    There are many kinds of Non- Hodgkin lymphoma that form from different kinds of white blood cells, such as B cells and T cells. NHL may be slow-growing or aggressive. In this type, the white blood cells called lymphocytes grow abnormally and can form growths (tumors) throughout the body.

Symptoms of Lymphoma

Lymphoma has symptoms that are similar to other viral illnesses, like the common cold. They often go on for a longer duration, though. A painless enlargement of a lymph node in the neck or upper chest is the most typical early indication of lymphoma. You may occasionally feel swollen lymph nodes in your groin, stomach, or armpit. The swelling does not go away when it is lymphoma. The overlap of symptoms can often lead to misdiagnosis of this condition. Watch out for these symptoms of lymphoma and seek urgent medical care:

  • Ongoing fever without infection
  • Night sweats, fever, and chills
  • Weight loss and reduced appetite
  • Unusual itching
  • Persistent fatigue

4.3% of all new cancer cases are lymphomas. Through the lymphatic system, lymphoma can quickly spread from the lymph nodes to other regions of the body. The immune system is less effective in fighting infections as malignant lymphocytes invade other tissues.

How is Lymphoma diagnosed?               

There are no routine screenings for lymphoma. A person should see a doctor if they continue to experience viral symptoms. Additionally, they will perform a physical examination, looking for any potential swellings in the armpits, groin, neck, and abdomen. The doctor will search for indications of infection close to lymph nodes because this is the most common cause of swelling.

Usually, if a doctor suspects lymphoma, a biopsy will be performed. In order to do this, cells from an enlarged lymph node must be removed. To ascertain whether lymphoma cells are present and whether cell type they are, a specialist known as a hematopathologist will study the cells. Using imaging scans like a CT or MRI, it is possible to find new tumours or enlarged lymph nodes. Blood and bone marrow testing, imaging, and a physical examination that may involve a lymph node biopsy are all necessary for the diagnosis of lymphoma.

Lymphoma Treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

The treatment advised for each case depends on various factors such as the exact type and stage of the lymphoma, its grade, your age and your general health. The treatment is also determined on the size of the affected nodes and which parts of the body are affected. The treatment is aimed at destroying as many lymphoma cells as possible and to induce a complete remission; that is, to eliminate all evidence of disease.

There are several treatment options, including radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and stem cell transplant. Chemotherapy and blood and marrow transplant are the main modalities used to treat lymphoma. Consult highly trained and experienced oncologists at our Centre for Cancer for a detailed diagnosis and for expert intervention. To know more about our Lymphoma care, visit our website:

Healthy living tips for seniors

Monday, August 22nd, 2022

Watching your parents grow older is a challenging part of life. Seeing your loved ones who were once young and active, ageing and facing issues of old age can be a cause of concern. Getting older does has its own share of health complications, such as wrinkles, memory loss, grey hair, slower mobility or more complex health disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s or cardiac ailments. However, instead of feeling anxious it is time to equip your loved ones with essential healthy living tips that makes them strong enough to prevent or reduce the risk of illness and injury. Simple changes in the everyday lifestyle can help them stay strong, happy, and healthy.

Healthy aging tips for Seniors

Your mental and physical health has a significant impact on your quality of life, and while some changes are out of your control, there are certain things you can do to ensure you’re aging gracefully. Follow these healthy living tips:

  • Exercise regularly
    Your chance of developing chronic diseases and health problems including arthritis, cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and more can be lowered by engaging in regular exercise. It can elevate your mood and enhance your mental health. Exercise helps increase your general strength, mobility, flexibility, balance, and endurance. Exercises such as weight training, walking, cycling, and yoga are all excellent ways to stay active.
  • Get enough sleep 
    Getting enough sleep boosts your immune system, enhances your cognitive function, reduces your risk of developing chronic diseases, and helps maintain a healthy weight. Elderly people are advised to receive about eight hours of high-quality sleep each night.
  • Eat healthy
    Maintaining a healthy and balanced diet is essential, especially for older persons over the age of 65. It can help you receive the nutrition you need, maintain a healthy weight, and stay motivated. Here are some recommended foods to include:
    • Have rainbow coloured fruits and vegetables
    • Foods rich in Fiber
    • Foods with high Calcium
    • Protein-rich foods
  • Mental health care
    Your total well-being depends on prioritizing your mental health, and this is especially true as you age. People endure many challenging things as they age, including the death of loved ones, health troubles, financial difficulties, and loneliness. Some easy tips for self-care include:
    • Sleep well
    • Stay connected with family and friends
    • Solve puzzles like Sudoku/ Crosswords
    • Continue reading
  • Preventive healthcare
    Regular check-ups and screenings are an essential part of preventative care for several reasons. Your doctor can discuss your risk factors and suggest essential health checkups. During your checkups, it’s crucial to pay attention to:
    • Blood pressure
    • Cholesterol screening
    • Cardiac Checkup
    • Cancer screening
    • Age-specific immunizations
  • Seniors should do what they love
    Doing things people love will help them feel better and experience increased energy, better sleep, and overall mood improvement. Seniors should pursue lost hobbies or learn a new skill they enjoy. Additionally, spending time with family and friends regularly will keep them happy.
  • Prevent falls
    Falls are the leading source of fatal injuries for people aged 65+. Maintaining a healthy and balanced weight becomes vital as you age. A fit body helps preserve your mobility which enhances the possibilities of doing things as long as feasible.

Geriatric care at Kokilaben Dhirubai Ambani Hospital

We are committed to provide integrated health care services to senior citizens at our hospital to help them lead better and fulfilling lives. Your family history and lifestyle determines how you age and plays an important role in determining your risk of certain medical conditions. Doctors at our Geriatric Clinic are trained to provide the best possible medical care for senior citizens. We help you understand and manage existing health conditions and take steps to avoid complications. Know more about Special Geriatric Health Checkup Plans for senior citizens. For further information, visit the below link:

Why Breastfeeding Matters

Thursday, August 4th, 2022

Breastfeeding is crucial for the survival, nutrition and development of infants and the health of mothers. Breast milk helps every child have a healthy start in life. Newborns are protected from infections, have stronger immunity and better digestion due to breast milk. Breastfeeding is also known to improve the mother and child bond. Further, breastfeeding mothers are less likely to develop breast cancer and get back their physical health and body shape easier. Following birth, it is advised to breastfeed a baby exclusively for the first six months before introducing solid food, and continue if it suits the mother and child for the next 24 months. Breastfeeding is a shared responsibility and it is important for everyone in the family to support new moms initiate and maintain breastfeeding. Are you a breastfeeding mom? Speak up and seek help from medical professionals if you are facing challenges in your breastfeeding journey.

Benefits of Breastfeeding for Baby & Mother

Breastfeeding has numerous physical and mental health benefits for both the mother and the child. Breast milk is your baby’s only source of nutrition and the best one. Each feeding of breast milk is tailored to your baby’s needs and developmental stage. Additionally, breastfed babies are less likely to get sick than formula-fed ones.

How it benefits the baby:

  • Helps strengthen your baby’s immunity
  • Gives all the nutrition needed for the first 6 months
  • Breast milk is easier to digest than formula
  • It changes over time to suit your baby’s changing needs
  • Breast milk contains infection fighting antibodies

How it benefits the mother:

  • Helps your body return to its pre-pregnancy stage
  • Reduces the chance of cancer in the ovaries or breasts
  • Helps your uterus contract
  • Helps you bond better with your baby

Important facts about Breastfeeding

  • Every baby and mother is different. Don’t compare yourself to others and give yourself unnecessary pressure and stress.
  • Some babies can latch soon after birth, while others need a few days to a few weeks to learn well.
  • Seek help from a lactation consultant early for breastfeeding problems.
  • Don’t blame yourself for insufficient milk as this will affect your mental health.
  • Stay hydrated. Your body releases oxytocin during breastfeeding, which triggers your thirst. This helps your body enough water to make breast milk.
  • Breastfeeding may be challenging some mothers. Seek help, don’t give up!

Successful Breastfeeding tips

There are several things you can do to increase your chances of breastfeeding success as soon as your baby is delivered. After the birth, keeping your infant with you will encourage a sense of connection and a strong hormonal response that is associated with successful nursing. You will produce more milk if your infant breastfeeds more frequently throughout the first few weeks. According to research, your bay must be fed only breast milk for the first six months of life. Your milk will alter as your baby grows to contain the proper amount of nutrients for him or her. Here are additional tips to follow:

  • Hold your baby skin-to-skin
  • Get your position and latch right
  • Look for early signs to know when to feed your baby
  • Watch the baby not the clock
  • Feed as per demand
  • Seek support if required
  • Avoid complementary feeds

Breastfeeding support at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hopital

Our team of experts at the Centre for Mother & Child are here to listen and provide the best lactation support. Whether you’re in the early phases of planning for baby, already expecting, or you’re currently nursing, we were here to assist you and make your breastfeeding journey comfortable and successful. Consult our lactation experts for further assistance. Please find below our website link:

Common Joint & Muscle injuries

Saturday, July 23rd, 2022

The musculoskeletal system, which includes muscles, bones, and joints, allows you to move and function normally. Overuse or overstretching of the same can cause painful inflammation and joint and muscle injuries. Skeletal muscles attach to the bones via tendons to help your body move and be stronger. Injuries can occur while participating in sports, accidental falls or road accidents. Learning about the most common sports injuries can help you avoid them or treat them properly if they occur.

Joint pain is no longer a disease that only affects the elderly. Young adults in their twenties and thirties are increasingly vulnerable to joint-related ailments and are known to experience acute pain in their joints. One of the primary causes of the same is an inactive or sedentary lifestyle. According to a study by the WHO, 19.3 percent of young adults in India are obese. Being obese causes additional pressure on your knees and other joints making you more prone to injuries.

Joint Injuries

Typical joint injuries occur in the knees, ankles, wrists, shoulders and elbows. These joints can swell and suffer from inflammation and redness, making them immobile and limit their range of motion. Joint injuries often occur as a result of bicycle falls, falling in contact sports, and car accidents. The common symptoms include:

  • Joint pain and inflammation
  • Redness
  • Stiffness
  • Weakness
  • Swelling 
  • Reduced range of motion

Muscle injuries

When muscles and tendons in your body become weak, they lose their ability to stabilise joints. Weak muscles also have lower endurance during activity and are more prone to injury. Overuse of a single body part (for example, the shoulder in golf or tennis) can result in chronic muscle pain. Excessive use, pulling, or stretching of muscles or tendons can result in strains. Strains can occur suddenly or as a result of long-term use or overuse. The common symptoms include:

  • Swelling
  • Pain with range of motion
  • Weakness
  • Stiffness
  • No muscle endurance
  • Instable joints

Common injuries

Participating in sports, poor posture, falls or road accidents may lead to injuries. Sports injuries occur when people move incorrectly; trip and fall or make unexpected contact with the ground or with each other. Here are some of the most common injuries:

  • Knee injuries
    The knee is a very complicated joint that takes a lot of impact during most sports. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is frequently torn, as are cartilage tears, dislocations, and fractures. Knee injuries can be excruciatingly painful and incapacitating, necessitating surgery in some cases. Warm-ups, stretches, and good posture can all help to reduce the risk of knee injuries.
  • Fractures
    Impact and contact sports frequently result in bone fractures which can be painful, require weeks of immobilization to heal, and may sometimes require surgery to correct. Fractures are an inherent risk in most strenuous activities, but they can be reduced by using appropriate padding, warming up, working out to keep muscles strong and flexible and practicing good technique.
  • Muscle strain
    A muscle strain is also known as a “pulled” muscle. This injury can occur when the muscle is overstretched, overused, or misused. Muscle strains cause microscopic tears in the fibres of the muscle. Strain injuries are most commonly seen in the hamstring, shoulder, neck, and lower back. Muscle strains can cause soreness, stiffness, weakness, swelling, and spasms.
  • Muscle tear
    A muscle strain is a microscopic injury to muscle fibres, whereas a muscle tear is a larger injury that tears a muscle and the blood vessels that supply it. Muscle tears, like muscle strains, are most common in the lower back, neck, shoulder, and hamstring. Muscle tears frequently result in an abrupt onset of severe pain, as well as bruising, swelling, and weakness. This injury requires urgent medical care.
  • Muscle contusion
    A muscle contusion is also known as a muscle “bruise.” When a blunt object strikes the body, it crushes the underlying muscle tissue but does not break the skin. Pain, swelling, and decreased range of motion are common symptoms of contusions.
  • Shin Splints
    Shin splints are a common running injury, particularly when running on concrete or other hard surfaces. This type of injury causes pain in the lower part of your leg, usually in the outer area where the shape of your bone can be seen.
  • Dislocated Joints
    When one or more bones in a joint are pushed out of their normal socket, this is referred to as a dislocation. Dislocations are common in football and other contact sports. The most commonly affected areas with this type of injury are the hands and fingers, but dislocations can also occur in your shoulders, knees, hips, and elbows. Dislocations necessitate immediate medical attention to realign the joint.
  • Back injuries/back pain
    Almost every sports activity puts some strain on your back and spinal column and so does poor postural habits. This stress can build up over time, causing inflammation around the vertebrae and back muscles, occasionally causing disc injuries and frequently causing upper or lower back pain. A sudden jarring impact can also result in an acute back injury. Back treatments range from rest to physical therapy to surgery, depending on the condition.

Orthopaedic care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Have you suffered a muscle or a joint injury that does not subside with rest? Consult highly trained orthopaedic doctors at our Centre for Bone & Joint for further evaluation and diagnosis. We are equipped with state-of-the-art technology to help prevent, manage, treat and rehabilitate persons with an injury. The team has conducted over 7600 arthroscopic surgeries in the past with successful outcomes. Please find the below the link for further information: