Archive for the ‘ Healthcare ’ Category

Tips for Celebrating a Healthy & Safe Diwali

Thursday, November 9th, 2023

Diwali the festival of lights and celebrations is almost here! Diwali is the time of gatherings and feasting with family and friends. However it is important to keep your health in mind and celebrate wisely. This is especially important for people suffering from diabetes, heart disease, hypertension or other existing health conditions. Additionally, amidst the joy and festivities, it’s crucial to address the pressing concerns of rising pollution levels and delve into mindful celebrations for optimal health during diwali and after the festival.

The gleaming lights and crackling fireworks bring not only merriment but also an upsurge in air pollutants. Recognizing the potential hazards of this, it’s imperative to make the right choices to ensure a healthier and safe Diwali for everyone. Year after year, Diwali unfurls a distressing tale of escalating pollution levels. The air quality index (AQI) takes a nosedive due to the bursting of firecrackers, releasing an array of harmful gases and particulate matter. This surge in pollutants poses severe health risks, especially to those already vulnerable, such as individuals with respiratory issues, children, pregnant women and the elderly.

Impact of Air Pollution

Crackers contain substances like sulfur, nitrates, and metal salts, which upon combustion; result in the emission of gases such as NOX, CO, SO2, and harmful particles like PM2.5, PM10, and ultrafine particles. These pollutants can cause irritation in the eyes, nose, and throat, exacerbate conditions like asthma, COPD, and pneumonia, and significantly impact lung development, particularly in children. Long-term exposure may lead to respiratory illnesses, cardiovascular abnormalities, reduced immunity, and even life-threatening conditions like cancer.

Tips for a Healthy Diwali

Protecting the health of your family and you is in your hands. Here are some expert recommended tips to celebrate a healthy and safe Diwali:

  • Engage in regular exercise for at least 30 minutes daily to maintain overall health and balance weight gain.
  • Stay well-hydrated with ample of water and refreshing beverages to flush out toxins.
  • Enjoy traditional delicacies in moderation, focusing on a balanced diet rich in dietary fiber and proteins.
  • Start your meal with a protein option as it helps in better satiety.
  • Foods rich in dietary fiber should occupy the majority of your plate.
  • Avoid overeating calorie-rich foods as it may lead to acidity.
  • Avoid having any fizzy drinks or other sugar laden drinks. This will not only add unnecessary sugar, it will also interfere in digestion of heavy meals.
  • Choose baked or steamed foods instead of fried foods.
  • Avoid processed sweets and desserts.
  • Incorporate immune-boosting foods rich in vitamin C, magnesium, and omega-3 fatty acids in your diet.
  • Eat something healthy at home before heading out for a party. This will ensure limited food intake.
  • Avoid alcohol intake as it dehydrates you and is harmful for your overall health.
  • Always limit your intake when eating a mithaai such as laddoo, barfi, or another sweet made with refined sugar.
  • Choose homemade sweets prepared using dry fruits, dates, jaggery,etc.
  • Ensure that you get a good night’s sleep
  • Children must be under strict supervision while around fire.
  • Avoid bursting crackers and encourage others to follow the same.
  • Always carry a face mask when venturing outside to shield yourself from pollutants.
  • Opt for gentle skincare routines, remove your make-up before bedtime and keep your skin clean.

Embracing a health-conscious approach to Diwali not only ensures a safer and more enjoyable celebration but also contributes to the well-being of all. Let’s light up our lives while safeguarding our health this Diwali. Wishing everyone a safe, joyful, and healthy Festival of Lights! The team at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai is always available for any kind of medical requirements on all festive days. Reach out to our team at the below link:

Impact of Bad AQI on Health

Friday, November 3rd, 2023

Mumbai is choking with poor Air Quality Index (AQI) levels…

Air pollution has become an increasingly dangerous problem in many parts of the world including leading cities of India. Scientists have long been warning about the potential health effects that air pollutants such as ozone, particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide can have on humans – especially on young children who are still developing. Studies have shown that exposure to high levels of air pollutants can lead to developmental delays, respiratory issues, heart disease and even certain types of cancer.

Impact of Bad AQI

Doctors suggest that when AQI readings are between 200 and 300, it impacts vulnerable groups like senior citizens and children as well as people with co-morbidities. However, when the AQI readings cross 300 or 400, it affects a wider audience leading to various respiratory infections.

Particulate matter (PM) one of the most dangerous air pollutants is made up of tiny particles that get trapped in your lungs. When inhaled, PM particles can cause respiratory and cardiovascular problems, and its effects on children are even more alarming. Medical statistics suggest that inhaling PM 2.5 (particles with a diameter of 2.5 microns) levels exceeding 120 is dangerous and may cause severe health consequences including detrimental effects on the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Also, children exposed to air pollution have higher rates of childhood asthma, respiratory infections, and chronic bronchitis.

First and foremost, it is important to monitor levels of air pollutants in your area so you can be aware of any potential risks. Lastly, it’s important to remember that while air pollution can be dangerous for everyone, it has an even greater impact on children due to their weaker immune systems. Therefore, it is essential for parents to be extra vigilant when it comes to protecting their children from the risks posed by air pollution.

Precautions for safeguarding against poor Air Quality Index (AQI):

  • Stay informed
    Stay informed about local AQI conditions, specifically identifying days and times to avoid outdoor activities in your neighborhood. Protect individuals with breathing problems and young children from exposure.
  • Use Masks
    Regularly change masks during heavy pollution to prevent clogging. Consistent use of inhalers is crucial, especially for asthmatic individuals, particularly children, during outdoor activities.
  • Respiratory Infections
    Refrain from exposure to poor air quality during respiratory infections, as it may exacerbate symptoms. Consider the trade-off between exercise benefits and harm from polluted air, especially for vulnerable individuals.
  • Reduce Exposure
    Minimize outdoor activities, especially during early mornings and late evenings. Keep your windows closed to reduce exposure to polluted air.
  • Choose organic
    Finally, try to choose natural or organic products for cleaning and household maintenance – many conventional cleaners can contain harmful chemicals which can contribute to indoor air pollution.
  • Control indoor air
    Utilize air purifiers, ensure good indoor ventilation for better air quality.

It’s important to stay informed and take action when it comes to protecting your family from air pollution. We need to work together to ensure that we protect our children’s future by reducing air pollution and taking measures to improve air quality. By monitoring the levels of air pollutants in your area, taking precautionary measures, and educating yourself on the risks posed by air pollution, you can ensure that your family stays safe. Start now to create a better future for your family.

If you or someone you know is facing a breathing difficulty, chest discomfort or wheezing reach out to doctors at our Department of Pulmonary Medicine. Meet our pulmonologists to help manage your symptoms with prompt diagnosis. Call 022 42696969 for appointments or find more details on our website:

Stroke Prevention: Lifestyle Changes for Better Brain Health

Saturday, October 28th, 2023

Around 1,85,000 stroke cases are reported every year in India with nearly one stroke every 40 seconds. Stroke is the second most common cause of death in India, as per experts at the All India Institute Of Medical Sciences (AIIMS). Stroke, often referred to as a “brain attack,” occurs when there is a sudden interruption in the blood supply to the brain. This can happen when a blood vessel in the brain bursts (hemorrhagic stroke) or when a clot obstructs the blood flow (ischemic stroke). A stroke is a medical emergency that can happen when blood flow to the brain is blocked or when there is bleeding in the brain. This can cause brain damage, long-term disability or even death, so it’s crucial to seek immediate medical help. A healthy lifestyle is the key to help reduce the risk of stroke.

Lifestyle Changes for Stroke Prevention

By making conscious choices and adopting healthier lifestyle habits, you can significantly reduce your risk of experiencing a stroke. Recent studies suggest that nine in 10 strokes could be prevented by modifying 10 primary risk factors. These include:

  • Maintain a Healthy Diet
    Choosing the right types of food is essential for maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Diet plays a crucial role in maintaining cardiovascular health, which, in turn, is vital for reducing stroke risk. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats can help you control your weight, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. Here are some dietary tips to consider:
    • Reduce Sodium Intake
    • Embrace the Mediterranean Diet
    • Increase Fibre
  • Manage Weight
    A person who is overweight and suffering from obesity has a high stroke risk. To understand whether the weight is in a healthy range you must know your body mass index (BMI). Maintaining a healthy weight through diet and regular exercise is crucial for stroke prevention.
  • Exercise Regularly
    Physical activity not only helps with weight management but also improves overall cardiovascular health. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity exercise every week. This can include brisk walking, swimming, cycling, or dancing.
  • Control Blood Pressure
    One in three adults suffer from high blood pressure. High blood pressure is the leading cause of stroke. If yours is elevated, have it checked frequently and monitor it regularly. Lowering salt consumption, staying away from foods rich in cholesterol, increasing physical activity, and quitting smoking can all help lower high blood pressure.
  • Manage Diabetes
    Diabetics have a 1.5-fold increased risk of stroke compared with those without the disease. Consult your physician to control your blood sugar levels.
  • Stop Smoking
    Smoking is a major risk factor for stroke. All forms of tobacco can cause blockages in the artery leading to the brain. The harmful chemicals in tobacco damage blood vessels and increase the risk of blood clots. Quit smoking to improve your brain health and reduce your risk of stroke.
  • Say No to Alcohol
    Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to high blood pressure and atrial fibrillation, a heart condition that can result in blood clots and stroke. Quit alcohol.
  • Stay Hydrated
    Dehydration can increase the risk of blood clots and thickening of the blood, both of which can lead to stroke. Make sure you drink an adequate amount of water throughout the day to stay properly hydrated.
  • Get Sufficient Sleep
    Quality sleep is essential for brain health. Lack of sleep can contribute to high blood pressure, obesity, and other stroke risk factors.
  • Manage Stress
    Chronic stress can greatly impact your cardiovascular system negatively. Take up stress-relieving activities like yoga, meditation, deep breathing, or enjoyable hobbies. Managing stress effectively can help reduce your risk of stroke.

Stroke Treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai

Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai has established a comprehensive stroke care programme for the management of acute and chronic stroke patients. A dedicated stroke unit, neuro-imaging, emergency care, neuro-intervention, neurosurgical, and neurological intensive care unit services are all included in the Code Stroke Plan. Under the direction of highly skilled professionals, our team provides complete acute neurointervention services. Over 1500 successful brain operations for stroke have been performed by the Centre for Neurosciences. We are the only private hospital in Mumbai and in Western India to offer a comprehensive Level-1 Accident & Emergency Department (A&E) for patient care, training and research. Our Trauma Centre is reputed to respond the fastest in times of a stroke, which ensures higher recovery chances. If you or someone around you is having a stroke – reach out to our Centre for Accident & Emergency team on 022 42699999. Please find below our website details:

How Exercise Boosts Your Mental Health

Monday, October 9th, 2023

Medical research statistics conducted by India’s National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS) found that nearly 15 crore Indians are in need of mental health care services, but fewer than 3 crore are seeking care. With unhealthy lifestyles, hectic work schedules, increased social media use, and loneliness taking care of your mental health is important in today’s times than ever before. Getting timely medical advice for mental health disorders is not a luxury but a necessity.

Physical activity can play an important role in improving your mental well-being and can even reduce symptoms of serious mental health conditions. Exercise isn’t just about building muscles or shedding pounds; it also has a profound impact on your mental health. The connection between physical activity and mental well-being is well-documented, with numerous studies showing that regular exercise can alleviate the symptoms of many existing mental illness.

How Exercise Promotes Positive Well-Being

Exercise can also be used to enhance well-being in already healthy people. Here is how regular exercise benefits your health:

  • Exercise decreases stress hormones
  • Keeps you away from negative thoughts
  • Exercise promotes confidence
  • Exercise provides a buffer against stress

Mental Health Benefits of Exercise

Exercise is not just about improving your fitness levels. People who exercise regularly are motivated to do so as it gives them a great sense of emotional satisfaction. Here are some benefits:

  • Exercise and Depression
    Medical research suggests that that exercise can treat mild to moderate depression effectively. Research suggests that running for 15 minutes a day or walking for an hour reduces the risk of major depression by 26%. Exercise is known to be a powerful depression fighter. Most significantly, it encourages a variety of changes in the brain, including a neuronal development, decreased inflammation, and new activity patterns that foster emotions of peace and wellbeing.
  • Exercise and Anxiety
    Exercise is a natural and effective anti-anxiety treatment. Through the release of endorphins, exercise reduces anxiety and stress, increases physical and mental vitality, and improves wellbeing.
  • Exercise and Stress
    Another mental benefit of exercise is reduced stress levels—something that can make everyone happier. Increasing your heart rate with exercise can actually reverse stress-induced brain damage by stimulating the production of neurohormones like norepinephrine, which not only enhance cognition and mood but also clear thinking muddled by stressful experiences.
  • Exercise and ADHD
    Regular exercise is one of the simplest and most efficient strategies to lessen ADHD symptoms and enhance focus, motivation, memory, and mood. The levels of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin levels in the brain rapidly increase with physical exercise, which improves your focus and attention.
  • Exercise and PTSD and trauma
    There is evidence to support the idea that paying close attention to your body and how it feels when exercising might really assist your nervous system get “unstuck” and start to emerge from the immobilization stress response that characterises PTSD or trauma. Exercises that involve cross movement and that engage both arms and legs—such as walking, running, weight training, swimming, or dancing—are some of your best choices.

Other Mental Health Benefits of Exercise

Regular physical activity plays a huge role in improving your mood and helps maintain a positive outlook in life. Regular exercise can help provide:

  • Increased energy levels
  • Sharper memory and thinking
  • Higher self-esteem
  • Better sleep
  • Stronger resilience
  • Fosters discipline

Mental health care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Incorporating regular exercise into your life is a powerful tool for improving your mental health. From releasing feel-good chemicals to reducing stress and enhancing cognitive function, the benefits are wide-ranging and well-documented.

Are you or a loved one suffering from any mental health concerns such as anxiety, mood swings, sleep difficulties, depression or some phobia? Do not delay seeking help to address your mental health needs. Consult highly trained and compassionate counselors and mental health specialists at our Department of Psychiatry for further assistance. Please visit the below link for more information:

Coping with Alzheimer’s Disease

Monday, September 18th, 2023

The estimated dementia prevalence for adults aged 60+ in India is 7.4%. About 88 lakh Indians older than 60 years live with dementia and Alzheimer’s disease remains the most common form of dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is a relentless neurological condition that affects millions of individuals worldwide. It is a progressive brain disorder that primarily impacts memory, thinking, and behavior. As it advances, Alzheimer’s can become increasingly challenging, both for the person diagnosed and their loved ones. However, with the right strategies and support, individuals with Alzheimer’s can lead meaningful lives.

Understanding Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, accounting for approximately 60-80% of dementia cases. It is characterized by the abnormal accumulation of protein aggregates in the brain, leading to the death of brain cells and the subsequent decline in cognitive function. While the exact cause of Alzheimer’s remains unknown, it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors.

Symptoms of Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease typically progresses through several stages, each with its own set of symptoms:

  • Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)
    In the early stages, individuals may experience subtle memory lapses, difficulty finding the right words, and challenges with problem-solving. These changes can be concerning but might not interfere significantly with daily life.
  • Mild Alzheimer’s Disease
    As the disease progresses, symptoms become more noticeable. Individuals may have trouble with tasks like managing finances, remembering recent events, and getting lost in familiar places.
  • Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease
    This stage often brings more severe memory loss and cognitive decline. Individuals may struggle to recognize loved ones, exhibit mood swings, and need assistance with activities of daily living.
  • Severe Alzheimer’s Disease
    In the advanced stages, individuals lose the ability to communicate, recognize even the closest family members, and require round-the-clock care.

Expert Recommendations for Coping with Alzheimer’s disease

It’s essential to understand that Alzheimer’s disease is progressive, meaning it worsens over time. While there is no cure for Alzheimer’s, there are ways to slow its progression and improve the quality of life for those affected. Here are some expert recommendations on coping with Alzheimer’s disease:

  • Early Diagnosis
    Seeking a timely diagnosis is crucial. An early diagnosis allows for better planning and access to available treatments that may temporarily alleviate symptoms.
  • Medications
    Some medications can help manage cognitive symptoms and behavioral changes associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Consult a neurologist to determine if these are appropriate for the individual’s condition.
  • Memory Aids
    Use memory aids like calendars, notes, and reminders to help individuals remember important dates and tasks.
  • Right Engagement
    Engage in activities that stimulate the mind, such as puzzles, art, music, or gardening. These activities can help maintain cognitive function and improve mood.
  • Healthy Lifestyle
    Encourage healthy living by eating a balanced diet, getting frequent exercise, and getting enough rest.
  • Safe and Calming environment
    Remove hazards that increase the risk of falls, ensure proper nutrition, and establish a simple and regular routine for the patients and follow it daily.
  • Emotional Support
    Alzheimer’s can be emotionally challenging for both the affected individual and their caregivers. Seek support from local Alzheimer’s associations, support groups, or therapists to help cope with the emotional toll of the disease.

Coping with Alzheimer’s disease is undoubtedly challenging, but it’s possible to lead a fulfilling life even in the face of this progressive condition. Early diagnosis, a supportive environment, proper medical care, and a commitment to a healthy lifestyle are essential components of Alzheimer’s management. It’s crucial for individuals with Alzheimer’s disease and their caregivers to access timely support and medical care to help them navigate this journey.

Alzheimer’s care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Are you or a loved one suffering from Alzheimer’s disease resulting in memory loss, confusion, difficulty in speech and understanding, change in personality, aggressive behavior, hallucinations or depression. Our Centre for Neurosciences offers a comprehensive screening and care program for Alzheimer’s disease including neurology consultation, physical and cognitive rehabilitation, and psychotherapy. We are committed to work together with the patient and their family to alleviate suffering by offering the best possible medical care. Early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease can maximize the benefit and improve the patient’s quality of life. By following expert recommendations and maintaining a positive outlook, individuals with Alzheimer’s disease can continue to find moments of joy and connection in their lives. Please find below our website details for further information: