Archive for the ‘ Osteoporosis ’ Category

Know About Osteoporosis

Wednesday, October 20th, 2021

Just thinking about your relative who suffered a fracture in a minor fall? It’s possible that this was caused by osteoporosis. Osteoporosis affects an estimated 50 million Indians, however, the majority of them go undiagnosed and untreated. The world sees approximately one osteoporotic fracture every three seconds. Osteoporosis is a term that literally means “porous bone.” It is a condition where bones become thin and lose their strength, as they become less dense and their quality is reduced. This may lead to broken bones, which cause pain, disability, and make everyday activities extremely difficult.

Osteoporosis is a condition where the quality, quantity, and strength of your bones is reduced, making them more likely to break. One in three women and one in five men over the age of 50 will be affected by a bone fracture due to osteoporosis. Over 200 million people worldwide are affected by osteoporosis.

Symptoms of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis develops when bone density decreases and the risk often increases with age. It usually causes no symptoms and is often called a silent disease Many people detect it when they suffer a broken bone from a minor fall or bump. Here are some of the common symptoms that must be noted and checked with a doctor:

  • Stooping back.
  • Loss of height.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Bone fractures.
  • Lower back pain.

How does Osteoporosis Develop?

Your bones develop and grow from birth to adulthood until they achieve peak bone mass in the early twenties, when they are at their strongest, densest, and least likely to fracture. Bone is regularly replaced throughout life, with new bone replacing old bone ones. But for people suffering from osteoporosis, more and more bone is lost and not replaced. This causes the bones to become brittle and more likely to break over time. Early diagnosis and treatment is important because one broken bone increases the risk of suffering yet more broken bones. Fractures due to osteoporosis have a devastating impact on millions of people worldwide and result in enormous socio-economic too.

Risk Factors of Osteoporosis

If you are over the age of 50 and you have one or more risk factors you should discuss these with your doctor and ask for an assessment of your bone health status. Lifestyle changes may be recommended and, for those at high risk, medication may be prescribed for optimal protection against fractures. These factors highly increase your risk of osteoporosis:

  • Women over the age of 50 years.
  • Thin and small body frame.
  • Family history of osteoporosis.
  • Smoking.
  • Excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Lack of exercise.
  • Diet low in calcium.
  • Certain medical conditions.
  • Insufficient intake of vitamin D.

Protect your Bone Health

Though osteoporosis usually occurs in older people, its underlying causes can stretch back to childhood. Your lifestyle, your dietary habits, family history and even certain medications can all adversely impact bone health. Here are a few steps to take for healthy bones:

  • Exercise regularly
    Weight-bearing, muscle-strengthening, and balance-training exercises are highly recommended.
  • Eat a healthy diet
    Calcium, vitamin D and protein are the most important for bone health. Get safe exposure to sunlight too for sufficient vitamin D.
  • Avoid negative lifestyle habits
    Maintain a healthy body weight, avoid smoking and say no to alcohol.
  • Know your family history
    If you have a family history of osteoporosis, you must discuss it with your doctor and take preventive steps.
  • Get tested
    It is important to get your bone density checked and take medication or make lifestyle changes if required.

Treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Our Centre for Bone & Joint is a comprehensive centre dedicated to bone, muscle, and joint health. It provides a wide range of care that includes diagnostic care, bone density tests, medication, physiotherapy, dietary guidance, and preventive care. We help you or your family reduce the risk of and manage osteoporosis better. Our goal is to assist our patients in living a more pleasant life while easing their symptoms. Our specialists have access to cutting-edge technology and offer the most advanced multidisciplinary treatments. Please find below the website link for further information:

A Growing Problem

Monday, February 3rd, 2014

Osteoporosis, a common yet neglected condition, affects one in three women and one in five men over the age of fifty. However, this bone disorder can strike a person at any age. A quick glance on this global problem and its consequences…

Osteoporosis, which literally means ‘porous bone’, is a disease in which the bone mass and bone strength are reduced. As we get older, we are no longer able to replace bone tissue as quickly as we lose it. Osteoporosis occurs when new bone formation does not match the bone loss. If not prevented or left untreated, the loss of bone occurs ‘silently’ and progressively. This reduces the density of bone, making them weak and easy to break, resulting in fractures.

As the loss is gradual and painless, often there are no symptoms until the first fracture occurs. The most common fractures associated with osteoporosis occur at the hip, spine and wrist. Spinal fractures can result in serious consequences, including loss of height, intense back pain and deformity. A hip fracture often requires surgery and may result in loss of independent living. But in some cases, a stooped back and loss in height may be the only visible signs that a person has osteoporosis.

However, osteoporosis is a preventable and treatable condition. A combination of lifestyle changes and appropriate medical treatment can prevent fractures. Recent advances in treatment of osteoporosis not only prevent further bone loss but can also lead to the formation of new bone.

Therefore, if you are more than 50 years or have any of the risk factors, or have had a fracture at wrist, spine or hip, then it is highly recommended that you seek advice from an expert to assess your bone health status and take the necessary treatment to prevent further complications.

Risk Factors
  • Aging
  • Gender – Women are four times more likely to develop osteoporosis than men
  • A family history of osteoporosis or broken bones
  • Having a thin, small-framed body
  • Lack of exercise, especially weight bearing ones, such as walking
  • Long-term bed rest
  • Low calcium and vitamin D intake or absorption
  • Smoking
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Long term use of some medicines like steroids
  • Certain other diseases like asthma, thyroid disorders and arthritis

In women, the rate of bone loss increases significantly after menopause when oestrogen hormone production stops and bones no longer benefit from its protective effect. Men also suffer from loss of bone tissue, but the rate of loss is much slower.

Osteoporosis Facts

  • Osteoporosis is common in India, and high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among Indians is one of the major reasons for this condition
  • Osteoporosis is a silent disease. You might not know you have it until you fracture a bone
  • Osteoporosis weakens bones and causes fractures that can result in severe disability
  • It is important to encourage children to drink milk and play in the sun so as to ensure adequate calcium intake and vitamin D synthesis
  • Peak bone density is reached at approximately 25 years of age. Therefore, it is important to build strong bones by this age so that the bones will remain strong later in life
  • A bone mineral density test is the best way to check your bone health
IF You…
  • Are post menopause and have constant pain in your neck or lower back, then you should consult your doctor for further evaluation
  • Feel severe pain in your muscles or bones that limits your ability to function, then check with your doctor immediately
  • Have sustained trauma or suspect fractures in the spine, hip or wrist, do an entire health check up after consulting your doctor and take the necessary treatment