Imagine not being able to hold a glass of water without spilling it or not being able to dress up all by yourself. These things may seem impossible for you, but for some people, it is a daily reality that they must contend with. It is a part of life for patients diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s is a neurological disease that affects over 10 million individuals worldwide and is characterised by uncontrollable limb movements. Due to the lack of awareness about the condition and various taboos associated with it, people with Parkinson’s delay seeking medical care or are often misdiagnosed by their primary doctor. Medical experts predict that India would see a massive 200-300 % increase in Parkinson’s disease cases over the next two to three decades. Let us understand the key aspects about this condition and find the best ways to manage it.

What is Parkinson’s disease?

Parkinson’s disease is a nervous system ailment that is characterised by uncontrollable bodily movements including bradykinesia, tremors, and stiffness that make it difficult for you to carry out regular daily tasks. Because of the nature of the disorder, the symptoms start off moderate and get worse over time. On sometimes, they might even go undiscovered for several weeks or months. Parkinson’s disease primarily affects motor functions, but as the condition worsens, non-motor consequences like discomfort, sleep issues, and mental health issues can also develop.

Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease

The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease can vary from person to person, but typically include tremors, stiffness, and difficulty with movement. Other common symptoms include:

  • Bradykinesia: Slowness of movement
  • Rigidity: Stiffness of the limbs and trunk
  • Postural instability: Difficulty maintaining balance
  • Difficulty with speech and writing
  • Loss of facial expressions
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Cognitive impairment

Parkinson’s disease is diagnosed by a neurologist through a physical examination and a review of the patient’s medical history. The diagnosis is usually made based on a combination of symptoms and physical examination. Imaging tests, such as MRI or CT scans, may be used to rule out other conditions that could be causing the symptoms.

Stages of Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s disease is typically divided into five stages, ranging from early symptoms to advanced disease. These stages are based on the severity and progression of symptoms and include:

  • Stage one
    Mild symptoms that do not interfere with daily activities.
  • Stage two
    Symptoms worsen, and daily activities become more difficult.
  • Stage three
    Significant loss of balance and slow movements.
  • Stage four
    Severe symptoms, but the patient can still walk and stand.
  • Stage five
    Complete disability, the patient is unable to stand or walk.

While there is no cure for Parkinson’s disease, there are treatments available to manage symptoms and improve the patient’s quality of life. Patients should focus on leading a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, a healthy diet, and social engagement, to improve their overall wellbeing.

Parkinson’s care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai

Consult our experienced neurologists to help manage this condition and slow down its progression. Supportive therapies can help cope with the symptoms of this condition, physiotherapy can help to alleviate muscle rigidity and occupational therapy can help you to get back to routine activities. Speech and language therapy is also recommended for some patients of Parkinson’s disease. If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, consult neurologists at our Centre for Neurosciences for a detailed evaluation and further care. You can find more information at the below website link:

Leave a Reply