Kidney disease can affect your body’s ability to filter wastes and toxins from the blood, regulate body fluids and help control your blood pressure. It can also affect red blood cell production and vitamin D metabolism needed for bone health. Your kidneys maintain the blood minerals in balance – sodium, potassium, phosphorous. You’re born with two kidneys. They’re on either side of your spine, just above your waist. When your kidneys are damaged, waste products and fluid can build up in your body. Without treatment, the damage can get worse and your kidneys may eventually stop working. This is a serious medical condition and can be life-threatening.
Kidney disease is broadly classified into acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease. Know more about them below:
Acute kidney injury is sudden damage to the kidneys. In many cases, it will be short term but in some people, it may lead to long-term chronic kidney disease.
The main causes are:
People who have chronic kidney disease are also at increased risk of acute kidney injury.
More often, kidney function worsens over a number of years. This is known as chronic kidney disease. Sometimes it can progress to end-stage kidney disease (also known as kidney failure), which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to keep you alive.
There are different causes of chronic kidney disease, the key ones being:
Here are a few steps to follow in daily life to prevent non-hereditary kidney diseases:
Untreated and ignored kidney diseases can lead to many health complications. It can highly increase your risk of getting heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, nerve damage, weak bones, kidney failure and may even lead to death.
Kidney failure occurs when your kidneys lose the ability to filter waste from your blood sufficiently. Many factors can interfere with your kidney health and function, such as:
Your body becomes overloaded with toxins if your kidneys can’t do their regular job. This can lead to kidney failure and even be life-threatening if it’s left untreated.
People with failed or damaged kidneys may have difficulty eliminating waste and unwanted water from the blood. Dialysis is an artificial way of carrying out this process. Dialysis substitutes the natural work of the kidneys, so it is also known as renal replacement therapy (RRT). Healthy kidneys regulate the body’s levels of water and minerals and remove waste. The kidneys also secrete certain products that are important in metabolism, but dialysis cannot do this. A person who has lost 85 to 90 per cent of their kidney function will be a likely candidate for dialysis.
When you get a kidney transplant, a healthy kidney is placed inside your body to do the work your own kidneys can no longer do. Your health and energy improve after a transplant. A successful kidney transplant may allow you to live the kind of life you were living before you got kidney disease. Availability of a matching donor is the main criteria for a kidney transplant. However infection and rejection of the donated kidney are major risk factors of a kidney transplant.
Consult our Department of Nephrology for your kidney disease. Please find below link for more details: