Summer is accompanied by a plethora of health problems because it makes the human body susceptible to infections, viruses and bacteria within the environment.

In the past few weeks, Mumbai along with several metropolitan cities has seen a tremendous rise in temperature. This unbearable weather condition has not only drained us out completely but also debilitated our immune system.

One of the most frequently reported health issues in recent times, Heat stroke or Heat stress is a serious kind of hyperthermia that is triggered when the human body absorbs more heat than it can dissipate. When a person’s core body temperature rises above 40.5C, the body’s vital organs are affected radically thereby resulting in complete shutdown of his/her internal systems.

Read the signs that your body may be giving you and take notice of any visible changes in the way your body functions.

  • Muscle cramps can be a primary symptom of heat-related illness which can further develop into heat exhaustion or heat stroke
  • High body temperature (above 103°F)
  • Rapid pulse
  • Red & dry skin
  • Possible blackout

If prolonged, Heat stoke can trigger dangerous, even deadly, health consequences. Take these steps to prevent a heat stroke during hot weather

  • When the heat index is high, make sure that your body is hydrated. During summer, we tend to sweat more as compared to any other season; consequently the body tends to lose vital minerals through sweat. These minerals have to be replaced; otherwise the body may experience heat exhaustion and cramps. Don’t wait until you feel thirsty. Keep sipping water between regular intervals in order to avoid dehydration. Drink plenty of fluids and limit the intake of caffeine and alcohol. Extremely chilled drinks can cause stomach cramps, therefore keep away from the same. Avoid taking certain medications which can have a subsequent impact on the body’s ability to stay hydrated.
  • Avoid direct exposure to the sun. If you have no other choice but to visit places with extremely high temperatures, wear sunglasses, hat and sunscreen before stepping out in the sun. Use an umbrella to protect yourself from hot winds and take frequent breaks in the shade
  • While travelling outdoors, wear a light shaded, loose-fitting outfit that allows your body to breathe. Putting on clothes that don’t fit you will not allow your body to cool down in hot weather conditions.
  • Even a few hours of cooling can prove to be highly beneficial for your body especially on days when the outdoor temperature is on its peak. If your home is not air-conditioned, take a stroll to the nearest mall or watch a movie. You can also keep your body cool by taking quick showers 2 to 3 times a day
  • Try to schedule strenuous activities/physical workout during the cooler parts of the day like early morning or late evening. Take frequent breaks and use this time to replenish your body by drinking lots of fluids. Do not exercise for longer duration of time unless your body is accustomed to high temperature. Limit your workout time and don’t overstress your body.

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