13th August is observed every year as World Organ Donation Day. NGOs, hospitals, health professionals globally spread the message of the importance of organ donation.
This is the process of surgically removing an organ or tissue from one person (the organ donor) and placing it into another person (the recipient). Transplantation is necessary because the recipient’s organ has failed or has been damaged by disease or injury.
This is divided into two categories:
Living Donation: A living donation takes place when a living person donates an organ (or part of an organ) for transplant to another person. The living donor can be a family member, such as a parent, child, grandparent or grandchild, brother or sister, (living related donation). It can also come from someone who is emotionally related to the recipient, such as a good friend, a relative, a neighbour or an in-law (living unrelated donation).
Deceased Cadaver Donation: In this the patient has to register in a hospital that does transplants. The patient will be put on a wait list and as and when the organ is available from an appropriate deceased donor (brain dead) the patient will be informed.
The organ donation numbers of India are extremely poor as with over 5 lakh people die every year in India awaiting an organ transplant. This is especially unfortunate given the fact that an organ donor can help save up to 8 lives.
Sadly the lack of awareness, incorrect information and various myths leads to very few signing up for Organ Donation. Despite India being the world’s second most populous country, it has a deceased organ donation rate of just 0.26 per million population.
As per law, organ and tissue donation cannot take place in India without the written consent of the donor’s family. Therefore, donors should help their families understand the reason behind their decision to be an organ donor. Timely intimation is required for your family to take the right decision in your absence. Even if you have pledges your organs, the hospital cannot take any action unless your family gives their consent. Hence it is important to discuss your wish to donate with your family. This is to enable your family to carry out your wishes in case the need arises.
Take a step further towards organ donation, pledge to donate your organs today. This is the noblest decision which helps humanity. Please visit the below website for more details on Organ Donation: www.organdonationday.in
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