Archive for the ‘ Diabetes ’ Category

Understanding Type 1 Diabetes

Thursday, November 23rd, 2023

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic autoimmune condition characterized by the pancreas’s inability to produce sufficient insulin, a hormone vital for regulating blood sugar levels. One needs insulin to help glucose enter cells for energy. In the absence of insulin, glucose accumulates in the bloodstream, leading to elevated blood sugar levels and the potential for various complications. While it’s less common than type 2 diabetes, it requires lifelong management and care. Understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for type 1 diabetes is crucial for individuals, families, and communities.

In India, nearly 95,600 cases of Type 1 diabetes have been identified in children under 14 years old, with approximately 15,900 new cases reported annually within this age category. The overall estimated number of people grappling with Type 1 diabetes in India stands at 2.5 lakh. This condition was once called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes, but it can develop at any age.

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

Recognizing the symptoms of type 1 diabetes is essential for prompt diagnosis and treatment. These symptoms often manifest suddenly and include:

  • Unusual thirst
  • Frequent passing urine
  • Extreme hunger but loss of weight
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Extreme weakness and fatigue
  • Irritability and mood changes

What causes Type 1 Diabetes?

The exact cause behind type 1 diabetes remains unidentified. Individuals with type 1 diabetes experience an immune system response triggered by infection or another factor, leading to the mistaken assault on the pancreas’s beta cells responsible for insulin production. The inclination to develop autoimmune diseases, such as type 1 diabetes, can be hereditary, passed down from parents.

Treatment Options: Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a complex condition that requires continuous management. Recognizing the symptoms, understanding the causes, and having access to appropriate treatment options and support networks are critical for individuals living with this condition. This includes:

  • Insulin Therapy
    As the pancreas fails to produce insulin, regular insulin injections or continuous insulin infusion through a pump are necessary to regulate blood sugar levels. Various types of insulin, such as rapid-acting, short-acting, intermediate-acting, and long-acting, are used based on individual needs.
  • Blood Sugar Monitoring
    Regular blood sugar monitoring using a glucose meter helps individuals track their glucose levels and adjust insulin doses accordingly.
  • Healthy Diet
    A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains helps regulate blood sugar levels. Carbohydrate counting can aid in managing insulin doses.
  • Physical Activity
    Regular exercise helps improve insulin sensitivity and regulate blood sugar levels. However, it’s essential to monitor blood sugar before, during, and after exercise to prevent hypoglycemia.
  • Monitoring
    Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) systems provide real-time glucose readings, helping individuals make informed decisions about insulin doses and lifestyle choices.
  • Support Groups
    Diabetes education and support from healthcare professionals, diabetes educators, and support groups are vital for effectively managing the condition and coping with its daily challenges.

Diabetes care at Kokilaben Dhriubhai Ambani Hospital

Do you or someone you know suffer from type 1 diabetes? The treatment of Type 1 diabetes involves a multifaceted approach aimed at managing blood sugar levels and promoting overall well-being. Central to this regimen is insulin therapy, often administered through injections or insulin pumps, to compensate for the body’s inability to produce this crucial hormone. Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels is essential, allowing for timely adjustments in insulin doses. Consult highly experienced and trained diabetologists at our Centre for Diabetes & Bariatric Surgery for personalized care:

10 ways to effectively manage Diabetes

Saturday, November 12th, 2022

With an estimated 8.7% of adults in India between the ages of 20 and 70 having diabetes, the disease is a growing challenge in India. The rising prevalence of this condition is driven by a combination of factors that include rapid urbanization, sedentary lifestyles, obesity, unhealthy diets, tobacco and alcohol use, and increasing life expectancy. One in six people with diabetes in the world is from India and this number is increasing at a fast pace. A large portion of the burden associated with diabetes can be prevented or postponed by making healthy lifestyle changes.

How to manage your Diabetes?

If you’re one of the millions of Indians who have diabetes, you should be aware that the best method to manage your condition is to constantly monitor any changes in your blood sugar levels. Diabetes management requires awareness. Knowing how to control your diabetes will increase your vitality and capacity for healing while lowering your risk of developing additional health issues like a heart attack, nerve damage, kidney failure, blindness, and gum disease. Here are some useful tips for managing your diabetes and maintaining normal blood sugar levels.

  • Eat healthy meals
    Healthy eating is the foundation of healthy living, with or without diabetes. You must understand how foods impact your blood sugar levels if you have diabetes. This not only includes what you eat, but also how much you consume and the combinations of different foods you consume.
  • Exercise regularly
    Another important aspect of your diabetes control strategy is physical activity. Your muscles use sugar (glucose) as energy while you workout. Your body uses insulin more effectively when you exercise frequently.
  • Medication
    When diet and exercise alone are insufficient for managing your diabetes, insulin and other diabetes medications are intended to lower your blood sugar levels. However, when and how much of these medications are taken will determine their efficacy. Consult your doctor for further assistance.
  • Quit alcohol
    In order to counterbalance dropping blood sugar levels, the liver often releases stored sugar. However, if your liver is preoccupied with alcohol metabolism, it might not be able to provide the necessary increase to your blood sugar level. Alcohol use can cause low blood sugar immediately after consumption.
  • Menstruation and menopause
    Blood sugar levels can significantly fluctuate throughout the week leading up to and during menstruation due to changes in hormone levels. Talk to your doctor to establish a plan that’s right for your body and its hormonal changes at different life stages.
  • Manage stress better
    Your blood sugar may rise if you’re anxious because of the hormones your body creates in reaction to ongoing stress. Discover new ways to cope better with stress.
  • Control your numbers
    Recognize your blood pressure and cholesterol levels by regular health checkups and take steps to keep them in control.
  • Schedule regular physicals
    Diabetic patients must visit their doctor every three to six months. Apart from your blood sugar levels, tests are also arranged to keep a tab on your kidney functions and eye health.
  • Take care of your teeth
    Diabetes patients frequently experience gum disease (also known as periodontal disease) and other oral health issues. Visit your dentist every six months and let them know you have diabetes if you want to help prevent these issues.
  • Pay attention to your feet
    Every day, look for redness, blisters, cracks, dry skin, and numbness in your feet. Also check the bottom of your feet regularly. If your feet are hurting or numbing, or if a cut or sore doesn’t go away in a few days, call your doctor immediately.

Diabetes care is a lifelong responsibility. Following your diabetes treatment plan takes round-the-clock commitment and helps reduce your risk of life-threatening complications. Play an active role in your diabetes care and enjoy a healthier future.

Diabetes treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Consult our team of diabetologists, nutritionists and mental care experts who offer supportive diabetes care. We help you make healthy lifestyle changes to manage diabetes better and also recommend medications if required. Meet our specialists who offer compassionate, patient-centric care with highly trained diabetologists. Experts at our Centre for Diabetes and Bariatric Surgery will help you control your blood sugar levels and manage your diabetes levels. Please find below the link for further details:

Ways to manage blood sugar levels

Monday, July 18th, 2022

India is known as the diabetes capital of the world. Type 2 diabetes, the most common form of this condition affects around 2.4 percent of the rural population and 11.6 percent of the urban population in India. Many factors influence your blood sugar levels; some are under your control, while others are not. At times, your daily health habits can also influence your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels on a regular or ongoing basis can harm your nerves, blood vessels, and organs and may lead to serious complications over time. You must seek medical care to help manage your blood sugar levels.

For diabetic patients, the overall blood sugar levels indicate how well you’ve managed your condition. When your level remains normal and consistent, you reduce your risk of problems such as vision loss and kidney disease. You’ll not only be able to control your blood sugar, but you’ll also be less likely to have a heart attack or stroke. Medications, dietary changes, physical activity and healthy lifestyle habits can balance your blood sugar levels and keep you healthy.

How your diet can control blood sugar

Follow these simple food habits to help manage your blood sugar levels and avoid fluctuations:

  • Plan your meals
    Choose to eat smaller meals at regular intervals to help control your blood sugar levels throughout the day. Some people manage their blood sugar better by eating at the same time each day. Speak to a nutritionist to make a diet plan that is right for you.
  • Practice portion control
    Portion control helps regulate calorie intake and can aid in weight management. As a result, weight control promotes healthy blood sugar levels and lowers the risk of type 2 diabetes.
  • Balance your food
    When you eat carbohydrates, your blood sugar rises. The glycemic index (GI) of a food measures how quickly this can occur. The greater the number, the faster your glucose levels will rise. Limit your consumption of high GI foods that include processed and refined foods. If you must consume something high on the index, pair it with low-GI foods that include fresh fruits and vegetables, legumes and whole grains.
  • Hydration
    Drinking plenty of water may help keep blood sugar levels within normal ranges. It not only keeps you hydrated, but it also helps your kidneys flush out excess sugar through urine.
  • Snack smarter
    Sodas and packaged foods are usually high in calories, salt, and added sugar, but low in vitamins and minerals. If you get hungry between meals, choose to eat healthy snacks.
  • Increase your fibre intake
    It isn’t broken down by your body, so it doesn’t affect your blood sugar levels. Make an effort to add up more vegetables, fruits and leafy greens to your diet.

Ways to lower your Blood sugar

High blood sugar levels can be dangerous if not treated promptly, causing both short-term and long-term problems. It is critical to keep your blood sugar levels as close to normal to prevent or delay long-term, serious health problems such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease. Follow these lifestyle tips to avoid high blood sugar levels:

  • Exercise regularly
    Regular exercise can help you maintain a healthy weight and improve your insulin sensitivity. Increased insulin sensitivity causes cells to use the sugar in the bloodstream.
  • Manage your stress
    Blood sugar levels can be affected by stress. Stress causes the release of hormones such as glucagon and cortisol. Exercise, relaxation, and meditation reduce stress and blood sugar levels significantly.
  • Monitor your glucose levels
    If you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes or pre-diabetes, monitoring your sugar levels will help you track your blood sugar levels regularly and take action if required.
  • Quit smoking
    Nicotine raises blood sugar levels by altering how your body reacts to insulin. Furthermore, smoking causes inflammation, which can raise blood sugar levels.
  • Lose weight
    Being overweight is associated with an increased risk of diabetes and insulin resistance. Weight loss lowers your blood sugar levels and avoids complications.
  • Get enough sleep
    Getting enough sleep each night is an excellent way to help keep blood sugar levels in check.

Diabetes care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Does diabetes and obesity run in your family? Are you at a high risk of diabetic complications due to increased blood sugar levels? Consult our doctors for comprehensive diabetes care that includes screening, management and prevention of complications in diabetes. Meet doctors at our Diabetic Clinic for holistic diabetes care.

Managing Type 2 Diabetes

Tuesday, March 1st, 2022

Awareness of Type 2 Diabetes among patients

India is home to one in every six diabetics worldwide. More than 77 million diabetics live in India, making it the world’s second-largest diabetic population. The majority of these cases are of type 2 diabetes, which is more common in urban areas. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic medical condition in which the levels of sugar, or glucose, build up in your bloodstream. In type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t make or use the insulin properly. It is recommended to screen your blood sugar levels regularly to diagnose and treat diabetes early. Lifestyle changes, medication, healthy eating and regular monitoring of blood sugar levels help patients with type 2 diabetes live better and healthier.

Managing your Type 2 Diabetes

It is highly recommended to consult a specialist to know more about your diabetes and find healthy ways to manage it. Certain lifestyle changes and medications help control your blood sugar levels. Follow these steps to manage diabetes lifelong:

  • Learn about diabetes
    Ask questions to your doctor, know more about type 2 diabetes.
  • Know your ABCs
    Speak to your doctor about how to manage your A1C (blood sugar), Blood pressure, and Cholesterol. This can help lower your chances of having a heart attack, stroke, or other diabetes complications.
  • Learn how to live with diabetes
    It is common to feel overwhelmed, sad, or angry when you are diagnosed with diabetes. Take healthy steps to live better with diabetes.
  • Be regular with medical care
    See your health care team at least twice a year to find and treat any problems early.

Frequently asked questions about Type 2 Diabetes

Have you been recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes? Here are some common questions about this condition:

1. What are the recommended blood sugar target levels?
It is recommended to maintain a target blood sugar range of 80 to 130 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl) before a meal and less than 180 mg/dl one to two hours after starting a meal. Consult your doctor about what blood sugar levels are appropriate for you.

2. How often should one check their blood sugar?
The number of times you check your blood sugar is determined by the kind of diabetes you have and the type of diabetic medication you are taking. When you first wake up (fasting), before a meal, 2 hours after a meal, and before night are some of the common times to check your blood sugar. Talk with your doctor for further guidance.

3. Who should use diabetes home tests?
Your doctor will help you decide if you need to test your blood sugar at home and guide you how frequently it must be done. By maintaining your blood sugar levels at a normal range, you can help prevent diabetes complications.

4. How can my diabetes affect your pregnancy?
Pregnancy can worsen certain long-term diabetes problems, such as eye problems and kidney disease, or may lead to preeclampsia. Work with your gynaecologist closely to have a healthy pregnancy.

Myths and facts about Diabetes

Stop believing in these common diabetes myths:

Myth: It is okay to binge on sugar-free foods.
Fact: That is not true. Sugar free foods can be part of a healthy meal plan in limited quantities. Many sugar free foods are loaded with calories, carbohydrates and artificial sweeteners.

Myth: One will always know when the sugar is high or low, testing is not needed.
Fact: You can’t rely on how you’re feeling when it comes to your blood sugar level. You may feel shaky or lightheaded because your blood sugar is low, or due to some other health condition. The only way to know for sure is to check your blood sugar.

Myth: People with diabetes can’t eat sweets.
Fact: There’s no reason people with type 2 diabetes can’t eat sweets, as long as they fit into a normal meal plan. Always have sweets in small portions, and include them with other foods.

Myth: Only the overweight get type 2 diabetes
Fact: That is not true. Being overweight or obese may be a risk factor in type 2 diabetes, however even people who are underweight or fit may also get diabetes.

Stay healthy with Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a lifestyle disease. Here are a few lifestyle changes to adapt to live better with diabetes:

  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Get regular exercise.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Keep your skin dry and clean.
  • Get your eyes and kidneys checked.
  • Limit your intake of sugary foods.
  • Eat more lean proteins and whole grains.
  • Stay away from fried, processed and junk foods.
  • Manage stress better.
  • Take medications as prescribed.

Diabetes Treatment at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

While a diagnosis of diabetes can be life-altering, timely steps can help manage it better. It’s important to consult a diabetologist and learn more about healthy eating habits, exercise and lifestyle changes to manage it. With a focus on compassionate, patient-centric care highly trained diabetologists at our Centre for Diabetes and Obesity help you control your diabetes and live as normal a life as possible. Please find below website details for further information:

Diabetes Care

Saturday, November 13th, 2021

Diabetes affects one out of every ten persons worldwide. India has 72.9 million adults affected by this silent epidemic, making it the country with the second most diabetes patients. With almost 116 million diabetics, China tops the list. If you have diabetes, your body is unable to properly digest and utilise glucose obtained from your diet. There are different types of diabetes, each with its own set of causes, but they all have one thing in common: too much glucose in the bloodstream. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed, hence it is important to raise awareness about this disease and find ways to reduce your risk.

Types of Diabetes

Diabetes develops when your body’s cells are unable to absorb sugar (glucose) and utilise it for energy. Extra sugar builds up in your system as a result of this. Diabetes that is not well controlled can have serious health complications, including damage to a variety of organs and tissues in your body, including your heart, kidneys, eyes, and nerves. The different types of diabetes include:

  • Type 1 diabetes
    This condition is an autoimmune disease, meaning your body attacks itself. The insulin-producing cells in your pancreas are damaged in this situation. Type 1 diabetes affects up to 10% of patients with diabetes. It is most commonly diagnosed in children and young people, and it is also known as “juvenile” diabetes. People with Type 1 diabetes must take insulin on a daily basis.
  • Type 2 diabetes
    With this type, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or your body’s cells don’t respond normally to the insulin. It is the most common type of diabetes and up to 95% of people with diabetes have Type 2.
  • Prediabetes
    This type is the stage before Type 2 diabetes. Your blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be officially diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes.
  • Gestational diabetes
    This type develops in some women during their pregnancy. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after pregnancy. However, for some women it may increase your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later on in life.

Symptoms of Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes symptoms often appear gradually over several years and are so minor that you may not even notice them. The following are the most prevalent symptoms of type 2 diabetes that should be investigated further:

  • Frequent urination
  • Feeling very thirst and hungry
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Having a blurry vision
  • Numbness or tingling of hands or feet
  • Feel very tired
  • Slow healing wounds

Risk factors for Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is known to have a substantial hereditary component, meaning it runs in families. Your chances of getting this disease increase considerably if you have a parent, brother, or sister who has it. Apart from your family history, the below factors highly increase your risk of getting type 2 diabetes:

  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Prediabetes
  • Unhealthy food habits
  • High alcohol intake
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Being obese or overweight
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Diabetes complications

Diabetics are at a higher risk of having a variety of major health conditions. High blood glucose levels over time can lead to significant disorders of the heart and blood vessels, as well as the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and teeth. In addition, people with diabetes are more likely to contract infections. Diabetes is a leading cause of cardiovascular illness, blindness, kidney failure, and lower limb amputation too. Monitor your blood sugar levels regularly to help delay or prevent diabetic complications. Here are the most common health complications seen in diabetics:

  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Pregnancy complications
  • Diabetic foot disease

Preventive Diabetes care

You may be able to avoid or delay the onset of diabetes if you are at risk. Making healthy lifestyle changes on time will help reduce your risk of getting type 2 diabetes. Here are some of the recommended preventive measures:

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Follow a healthy diet plan
  • Exercise regularly
  • Quit smoking
  • Monitor your health numbers
  • Know your risk

Diabetes care at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

Diabetes is a chronic disease that can lead to serious complications if not treated effectively by a specialist. Consult highly trained and experienced doctors at our Centre for Diabetes and Bariatric Surgery for a multidisciplinary approach. Our team helps you learn everything you need to know about diabetes prevention, care, treatment, and management. From diagnosis to diet plan to obesity management our doctors look into everything. Although there is currently no treatment for diabetes, regulating your blood sugar levels can help you live a healthier life. Early diagnosis and treatment is the best way to reduce the risk of developing diabetes-related complications. Please find below our website details for further information: